BASF has exited the R&D collaboration with Novozymes and Cargill to develop a bio-based process for producing 3-hydroxypropionic (3-HP) and acrylic acid from renewable raw materials. BASF joined the partnership with Novozymes and Cargill in 2012. Novozymes and Cargill have collaborated on the project since 2008 and will continue their work to commercialize bio-based 3-HP and derivatives. In 2013, the project produced 3-HP in pilot scale and in September 2014, it successfully converted 3-HP to glacial acrylic acid and superabsorbent polymers, according to the companies. The two companies have initiated efforts to find a new commercialization partner.