Process Industry Practices (PIP) is a consortium of owner/operator and contractor companies harmonizing their internal standards in eight engineering disciplines for the design, procurement, construction, and maintenance of plant facilities. Since the beginning of the PIP initiative in early 1993, major progress has been made by hundreds of volunteers working together to harmonize and maintain a set of written Practices for the industry.
As of June 2005, almost 480 PIP Practices in all eight disciplines had been published. Around 560 total Practices are targeted for publication and maintenance. The Civil, Structural, Architectural (CSA) discipline makes up 43 of the total PIP Practices. In 2005 the CSA Function Team plans to have completed all 43 of those Practices – an expected accomplishment that was celebrated at the PIP Annual Meeting in May 2005. These Practices provide the basis for meeting virtually all the needs in specifying CSA requirements for “downstream process plant facilities (refineries and chemical plants)”
The PIP CSA Discipline Practices are broken down into three sub-disciplines which are then broken down further (read below). These three sub-disciplines are Civil, Structural, and Architectural. Each sub-discipline is comprised of Practices that include design criteria, engineering guidelines, data sheets, specifications, details, etc. pertaining to their sub-discipline.
Civil Practices fall under two headings: General and Site Construction. The Practice CVC01015 Civil Design Criteria, under the General heading, provides comprehensive criteria on all aspects of site preparation including grading, roads and railroads, sewer work and related facilities, and work related to finishing the site. Specifications under the Site Construction heading include: Topographic and Plant Surveys; Geotechnical Engineering Investigation; Site Preparation, Excavation, and Backfill; Roadway and Area Paving Specification; Fabrication and Installation of Chain Link Fence; and Underground Gravity Sewers, among others. Civil Data sheets include a Project Data Sheet and a Plant Site Data Sheet.
Structural Practices fall under six headings: General, Piles, Concrete, Grout, Anchor Bolts, and Steel. There are two criteria Practices under the General heading: STC01015 Structural Design Criteria; and STC01018 Blast Resistant Building Design Criteria. Practices under the Piles heading include: Specifications for Driven Piles; Construction of Drilled Piers; Augered Cast-in-Place Pile Installation; plus Design Guidelines for Augered Cast-in-Place Piles. Specifications under the Concrete heading include: Plain and Reinforced Concrete; Guidelines for Tank Foundation Designs; and Concrete Typical Details, among others. Specifications under the Grout heading include: Nonshrink Cementitious Grout; and Epoxy Grout. Specifications under the Anchor Bolts heading include: Anchor Bolt Design Guide; and Fabrication and Installation of Anchor Bolts. Specifications under the Steel heading include: Fabrication and Erection of Structural and Miscellaneous Steel; Fixed Ladders and Cages; Grating Details; and Vessel Circular Platform Details, among others. Structural Data sheets include a Blast Resistant Building Design Criteria Data Sheet and a Driven Piles Specification Data Sheet.
Architectural Practices fall under three headings: General, Doors and Windows, and Pre-Engineered Buildings. A key Practice under the General heading is ARC01015 Architectural and Building Utilities Design Criteria. This Practice comprehensively covers all aspects of a Building’s design including: Industry Codes and Government Regulations; Building Design Requirements; Products for Construction; and Building Utilities Requirements. Specifications under the Doors and Windows heading include: Standard Steel Doors and Frames; Blast Resistant Doors and Frames; and Door Hardware. Specifications under the Pre-Engineered Buildings heading include Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings. The Architectural sub-discipline also has a Building Data Sheet that provides data to complement ARC01015, mentioned above.
The CSA Function Team along with the current Team Leader, Don Boyd, WorleyParsons, is very pleased to be completing all Practices under the CSA Discipline. According to Mr. Boyd, “We believe [upon completion] that we have all of the basic requirements to do a project without additional company standards.”
This accomplishment has been achieved due to the effort of many CSA team members and leaders. Without Member Companies’ voluntary contributions PIP could not thrive. PIP also has Practices available in the following Disciplines: Coatings/Insulation/Refractory (CIR), Electrical, Machinery, P&ID, Piping, Process Control, and Vessels. For further information on becoming involved with PIP, please contact: [email protected]