Control Systems

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  • eHandbook: Take A Closer Look At Process Safety

    Dealing with safety issues can involve sophisticated techniques for hazard analysis and prescriptive measures for plant design and operation. It also can involve rethinking a process to make it inherently safer.

    To help you stay safe, Chemical Processing has put together an eHandbook. It includes insight on:

    • Effectively Manage Large-Scale Process Hazard Assessments -- Success depends upon properly addressing a number of issues.
    • Use Dynamic Simulation To Improve Process Safety -- A digital twin can help spot and combat risks during design and operation.
    • Prevent The Illusion Of Protection -- Address management system failings that undermine process safety.
    • Rethink Your Refuge -- A zero-vulnerability safe haven helps protect personnel and speed emergency response.

    Download Chemical Processing's process safety eHandbook now

  • eHandbook: Bolster Your Wastewater Treatment

    Wastewater treatment is becoming an integral part of processes at many plants as more and more chemical makers worldwide strive to reuse and recover as much water as possible.

    To help you succeed, Chemical Processing has put together an eHandbook. It includes insight on:

    • How To Succeed At Slurry Pumping -- A variety of factors must be considered to ensure satisfactory service. Here are tips for selecting the right pump.
    • Consider Direct Steam Injection for Anaerobic Digestion Systems -- Technology offers temperature stability and quick, even heating for wastewater treatment
    • Measure Liquid Levels with Noninvasive Radar -- Noncontact sensors provide reliable readings when a process connection isn’t available

    Download Chemical Processing's wastewater eHandbook now

  • eHandbook: Solidify Your Understanding Of Solids

    Unless the particularities of a material’s flow properties are properly taken into account in equipment selection and operation, powders can pose a wide variety of problems.

    To help you grasp powders and solids, Chemical Processing has put together an eHandbook. It includes insight on:

    • Give Vibratory Screens a Fair Shake -- Understand the key factors in their selection and use
    • Evaluate Different Facets of Crystal Phases -- Knowing more about a crystal than just its solubility is important
    • Get a Handle on Solids’ Flow -- Some simple parameters often provide a good sense of flowability

    Download Chemical Processing's powder and solids eHandbook now

  • eHandbook: Master Your Mixing

    Effectively contacting materials is crucial for operations ranging from solids suspension to gas dispersion and from reacting raw materials to compounding finished ingredients. The wide variety of mixer types — dynamic and static, as well as in-tank and in-line — and the design options for the mixers and vessels can make selecting the right unit tough. And troubleshooting an existing unit can be tricky.

    To help you master your mixing, Chemical Processing has put together an eHandbook. It includes insight on:

    • First, Select the Right Blender -- Understand the pros and cons of three key kinds of devices
    • Improve Mixer Performance -- Inexpensive changes may enhance results from long-installed equipment
    • Recharge Your Approach to Mixing -- Consider inline mixing to minimize costs and improve quality

    Download Chemical Processing's mixing eHandbook now

  • eHandbook: Keep Your Cool With Heat Exchangers

    Heating and cooling are essential in many unit operations, to bring materials to an appropriate temperature for processing or subsequent handling. The extensive use of heat transfer has spurred a wide variety of types of heat exchangers and a broad choice of heat transfer fluids. 

    To keep cool when grappling with design, selection, operation and troubleshooting, Chemical Processing has put together an eHandbook. It includes insight on:

    • Consider Open-Rack Seawater Heat Exchangers -- Such units often offer an attractive way to take advantage of the resource
    • Pick the Right Side -- Allocating fluids in a tubular exchanger demands care
    • Take a Closer Look at Direct Steam Injection -- Technology responds rapidly to changing process conditions

    Download Chemical Processing's heat exchanger eHandbook now

  • eHandbook: Keep Your Measurements On The Level

    To truly understand what your process is doing, you must understand how you are measuring its performance.

    To level the field, Chemical Processing has put together an eHandbook. It includes insight on:

    • Grasp the Nuances of Level Measurement -- The differences in the way devices work can profoundly affect readings
    • Optimize Your Process with Interface Level Measurement -- Monitoring vessels with immiscible liquids pose numerous challenges
    • Tune In to 80 GHz Radar -- The higher frequency offers improved sensitivity and non-contact measurement in tight spaces.   

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing level eHandbook now

  • Continuum Approach to Optimizing Downstream Final Drying With Upstream Solid-Liquid Filtration, Cake Washing & Dewatering

    This article reviews the optimization of the final drying technology in conjunction with the upstream continuous solid-liquid filtration, cake washing, and dewatering technology. This article illustrates that by taking a holistic approach and looking at each step not individually but as a continuum, the process solution becomes much more efficient.

    Download this white paper now.

    BHS-Sonthofen, Inc.
  • eHandbook: Distill Your Distillation Operations

    Separations operations account for roughly 50–70% of the energy used in large-scale chemicals manufacturing. Distillation dominates for such separations. It behooves you to be on top of your distillation columns.

    To help you get a clear view, Chemical Processing has put together an eHandbook. It includes insight on:

    • Save Energy In Distillation -- Revamping may cut consumption considerably
    • Take A Fresh Look At Your Distillation Columns -- Many towers may benefit from potential improvements
    • Effectively Break Azeotropes -- Homogenous and heterogeneous varieties require different methods

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing distillation eHandbook now.

  • eHandbook: Take A Closer Look At Compressed Air Systems

    Compression equipment typically is highly sophisticated and complex. So, selection of the right type of compressor and appropriate sizing can be tricky.

    To help you get a closer look, Chemical Processing has put together an eHandbook. It includes insight on:

    • Choose the Right Air Compressor -- Consider centrifugal as well as screw units
    • Inflate Compressed Air Efficiency -- Check for 10 problems that often impair performance
    • Make the Right Choice -- Choosing the correct compressor technology involves several factors

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing compressed air eHandbook now

  • Making Pressure Sensors Last in Corrosive Environments

    Getting pressure sensors to last in the corrosive, volatile, and hazardous environments typically found in the chemical industry is a challenge. This paper focuses on improvements in pressure technology, specifically ceramic cells and other safety features that make today’s pressure sensors ideal for a broad range of applications.

    Download white paper now.

    VEGA Americas
  • Best Practices For Flare QRA Tools

    Flare Quantitative Risk Analysis (QRA) is a systematic approach to determine the adequacy of a flare header and can be applied to provide a more realistic assessment of the risk associated with vessel accumulation due to common mode scenarios, in accordance with American Petroleum Institute (API) Standard 521. The QRA process takes the results of a traditional flare study and adds QRA inputs. These include the frequencies of the common mode scenarios, and the effects of instrumentation, operator intervention, and other layers of protection that tend to reduce the severity of the common mode scenario. The process generates a system risk profile, such as an accumulation versus frequency relationship for each vessel discharging to the relief header, which in turn can provide an estimate of the risk of catastrophic loss of containment associated with the relief header system. Flare QRA may reduce costs associated with the need to retrofit flare headers or construct new ones.

    Experience has shown there are several challenges when performing QRA, including (a) how the system level risk is defined, (b) verification of reliability data used as QRA inputs, and (c) how considering only individual equipment may skew the view of resulting risk. This paper discusses these challenges, as well as what results can be expected from Flare QRA and what issues (e.g., flare tip) are not addressed through this analysis process.

    Download the white paper now.

  • Three Simple Ways to Reduce Water Use

    Reducing water use is an area of focus for many processors as part of corporate sustainability initiatives. However, making changes can have a negative impact on process or product quality. This paper provides three surprisingly simple ways to dramatically reduce water use. In fact, many processors overlook these opportunities thinking these changes won’t make much of a difference. Learn why that’s not the case and find out what simple steps can be taken to save millions of gallons annually.

    Download white paper now.

    Spraying Systems Co.
  • eHandbook: Grasp Digitalization Trends

    Even a small investment in digital transformation can provide opportunities to build momentum and knowledge across the organization. Knowing what others are doing can help you pinpoint where to begin.

    To help stay on top of the trends, Chemical Processing has put together an eHandbook. It includes insight on:

    • Chemical Makers Embrace the Cloud -- Its significant potential advantages are spurring increasing adoption
    • IIoT Spurs Vendor Collaboration -- Alliances allow chemical makers to more easily pursue digitalization opportunities
    • Digitalization Drives Development -- German firms BASF and Evonik are funding technologies that further advance R&D efforts

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing automation eHandbook now


  • Improve Boiler Efficiency: Select the Perfect Flow Meter

    Knowing your options when selecting the appropriate flow meter technology to measure natural gas, water and steam in power generation in boiler applications is critical for improving energy efficiency. In Sierra’s new white paper, discover which flow meter technologies provide the most accurate flow measurement data so you can optimize your boiler efficiency and energy production.

    Download the white paper now.

    Sierra Instruments
  • Hybrid Refrigerated/Desiccant Compressed Air Dryers

    For large compressed air applications needing extremely dry air (down to -40°F), there are several types of desiccant dryers available. In many cases, the most effective and least costly to operate is a hybrid dryer system. Kaeser Compressors’ white paper, “Hybrid Refrigerated/Desiccant Compressed Air Dryers” explains how a hybrid dryer can reduce energy costs for these special applications.

    Download the white paper now.


    Kaeser Compressors, Inc.
  • eHandbook: Succeed With Solids

    Properly storing, moving and blending solids can be crucial for efficient plant operations. However, powders can pose a wide variety of problems.

    To help you avoid problems and succeed, Chemical Processing has put together an eHandbook. It includes insight on:

    • Properly Instrument Your Solids Process -- Four types of measurements usually make sense
    • Bulk Bags Can Change Your Life -- The containers afford advantages if applied appropriately
    • Smart Feeders Enhance Detergent-Making Process -- New facility benefits from process controls and equipment that optimize production

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing powder eHandbook now

  • eHandbook: Sharpen Your Steam Systems Best Practices

    The design and operation of steam systems involve specialty hardware and raise unique issues and challenges that are not always appreciated by people more focused on process streams.

    To help you sharpen your steam skills, Chemical Processing has put together an eHandbook. It includes insight on:

    • Better Understand Boilers -- A number of factors affect selection, performance, reliability and safety
    • Consider a Thermocompressor -- This unit offers potential opportunities for improving energy efficiency
    • Forestall Steam System Outages -- Understand your temporary boiler requirements and plan ahead to minimize downtime

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing steam eHandbook now

  • eHandbook: Improve Your Refinery

    A modern refinery is a highly complex but integrated system, separating as well transforming heavier hydrocarbons into saleable fuels and chemicals. Improving a refinery is very critical, as it directly relates to sending more products to the market.

    To help you improve your refinery, Chemical Processing has put together an eHandbook. It includes insight on:

    • Tailor Your Project Delivery Process -- Treating every project the same can lead to excessive deliverables or missed steps
    • Successfully Sample Sticky Hydrocarbons -- Proper technology and design techniques ensure safe, reliable sampling of viscous and hot process streams
    • Successfully Select an Industrial Fan -- Gathering site and fan history is crucial when choosing the right unit for the application
    • Mitigate Explosions with Oxygen Measurement -- Select the right oxygen analyzer for your process control requirements

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing refining eHandbook now.

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