Process Engineering White Papers

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  • Dry Vacuum Solutions for Chemical and Pharmaceutical Applications

    Through the years many different vacuum technologies have been used to provide vacuum for chemical and pharmaceutical processes, including steam jet ejector, liquid ring, and rotary vane. Each of these technologies continue to have a place in chemical and pharmaceutical applications, but dry screw technology has become the technology of choice for most applications.

    Download now.

    Busch Vacuum Pumps and Systems
  • Make The Right Moves In Fluid Handling

    The ability to see what is happening inside a pipe can be invaluable to process operators. Despite technological advances, no sensor can equal the human eye, which has more than 94 million photo receptors. While your eyes are peeled you must also understand the tolerances allowed under API-610 with regard to pump shutoff head and rated differential head can avoid costly rework and schedule delays.

    To help you keep your eyes on fluid handling and to help with your moves, Chemical Processing has put together an eHandbook. It includes insight on:

    • Head Off Centrifugal Pump Problems -- Attention to head tolerances can prevent poor performance and rework
    • Set Your Sights on Better Flow -- Use this primer to determine the right sight flow indicator for the application
    • Pressing System Aids Copper Recycling Plant -- Piping installation method helps eliminate bottlenecks and leaks and meet capacity needs

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing flow eHandbook now.

  • Machine Learning to Revolutionize Industrial Maintenance with Advanced Analytics

    While machine learning has been researched for decades, its use in applying artificial intelligence in industrial plants and asset operations and maintenance is now advancing exponentially. This is due to the growth in big data and the expansion of the Internet of Things (IoT); the ability to provide the processing power needed to analyze larger data sets; the availability of machine learning methods; and the need for superior predictive and prescriptive capabilities required to manage today’s complex assets. This provides the basis for machine learning to be applied across a variety of industrial challenges.

    This white paper focuses on some of the principles within machine learning and those industries that are primed to take advantage of it to maximize the benefits it brings to improve situational intelligence, performance, and reliability. Download now.

    Bentley Systems
  • eHandbook: Bank On These Batch Processing Best Practices

    The nature of batch operations poses unique problems. Ensuring reagent chemicals are added at the optimal time so as not to cause a temperature change is crucial. Additionally, there are several questions you must ask in order to properly bridge your batch operations and continuous ones. Topping it all off, you must improve energy efficiency.

    To help you do a whiz-bang job on your batch processing, Chemical Processing has put together an eHandbook. It includes insight on:

    • Quickly Estimate Reagent Addition Time -- A simple equation suffices in many situations involving batch reactors.
    • Bridge Batch And Continuous Operations Better -- Developing an accurate timeline can lead to important insights.
    • Improve Energy Efficiency Of Batch Processes -- Such processes often offer substantial opportunities for savings.

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing batch processing eHandbook now.

  • The Benefits of Circulating Oil in Ring-Lubricated Hydrodynamic Bearings

    Hydrodynamic bearings depend on a steady flow of lubricant onto the shaft, among other factors, in order to generate the film that separates the shaft and bearing during operation. In many applications, such as fans, motors, and gearboxes, oil rings are used to deliver this lubricant. However, there are limitations to oil ring lubrication, especially during startup, slow speed conditions, and in the presence of solid contamination. Adding an external circulating oil system can overcome these limitations while offering benefits to bearing reliability, providing cooling, and allowing for easier condition monitoring.

    Download now.

    Steven Pasternak – C.O. Engineering
  • Powder eHandbook: Secure Solid Success

    The problem with solids is that sometimes they don’t want to move. This often results in solids settling out of slurries. Many believe that to monitor solids reliably, they must use an expensive technology. Another problem is dust. Being sure you stay on top of housekeeping is a must. Lucky for you, there are several techniques that can make solids stop behaving so badly.

    To help you secure solid success, Chemical Processing has put together an eHandbook. It includes insight on:

    • Stop Struggling with Your Slurry -- Convert a settling solids suspension into a non-settling one.
    • Make Sense of Ultrasonic Sensors -- Understand the relationship among equipment, materials and environment when selecting the appropriate technology.
    • Consider an Industrial Central Vacuum System -- A fixed tubing network simplifies housekeeping, reduces equipment wear and eliminates trip hazards.
    • Save Time on Viscosity Measurements -- The cone plate method makes the most of small sample sizes.
    • Choose the Right Equipment -- Certain processing technologies can help increase a powder’s flow capabilities.

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing powder eHandbook now.

  • Special Report: Better Manage Your Thermal Fluid Experience

    Thermal fluids have the potential to directly affect the safety, maintenance, efficiency and reliability of overall plant operations. These fluids deserve dedicated considerations on how they can impact the protection of your plant personnel — safety of your people, the protection of your equipment investment, the ability to run an efficient operation in terms of energy cost and scheduling, and the avoidance of production downtime that can be associated with unscheduled maintenance activities. From safety to efficiency, this Special Report covers all the basics on how to optimize your heat transfer fluid selection. Download now.

  • Applying Variable Speed Compressors in Multiple Compressor Applications

    In Kaeser Compressors’ white paper, "Applying Variable Speed Compressors in Multiple Compressor Applications,” system design expert, Neil Mehltretter, provides guidance on how to properly apply variable frequency drive (VFD) compressors. A key topic is "control gap", a common problem caused by improper sizing and application of variable speed compressors.

    Download Now

    Kaeser Compressors, Inc
  • eHandbook: Put Steam Into Your Efforts

    The drive by some chemical companies to improve energy efficiency extends well beyond their production processes. Indeed, steam is a major focus and innovations in water-related energy efficiency are top of mind. But great care must also accompany the pursuit of efficiency. Engineers understand the role of insulation for heat conservation and freeze protection. But pipe installation on jackets, coils, reactors and heat exchangers is tricky.

    To help you avoid costly and sometimes deadly steam mistakes, Chemical Processing has put together an eHandbook. It includes insight on:

    • Energy Efficiency Soars -- Broad-ranging efforts are providing substantial savings.
    • Provide Better Protection from Hot Pipes -- Use more conservative limits for insulation skin temperature.
    • Keep Cool Designing Heat Exchanger Piping -- Consider these points when working with exchangers, coils and jackets.

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing steam eHandbook now.

  • eHandbook: Refine Refinery Operations

    Poorly designed and overly simplistic energy performance indicators often drive energy savings at the expense of product yield or quality. To identify opportunities for substantial reductions in energy consumption in your refining operations, look to modern simulation tools and optimization methods to enable investigating all the potential alternatives for distillation separation sequences and selecting the best sequences.

    To help you with opportunities, Chemical Processing has put together an eHandbook. It includes insight on:

    • Save Energy In Distillation -- Revamping may cut consumption considerably
    • EMISs Evolve to See the Bigger Picture -- Adding process considerations improves energy savings and production performance.
    • Consider Liquid Ring Technology for Dry Chlorine Compression -- Liquid ring compressors offer lower cost and other advantages for chlorine processing applications

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing refining and petrochemical eHandbook now.

  • Strategic Guide to Process Safety

    Process Safety is not just an action or legal requirement, but a way of life and an inbred culture. In order for it to work effectively, many actions have to be performed and incorporated into a manufacturing process from conception to decommission. Most importantly it is a live process whereby when any change occurs, no matter how small, the affected operation must be reassessed to ensure that the safety of the process is not compromised.

    Download the whitepaper now.

    DEKRA Process Safety
  • Liquid Ring Vacuum Technology for the Chemical Industry

    Vacuum technology never stops developing, and for decades it has continued to progress. However, despite many improvements, new developments and further advancements, one principle of vacuum generation that has remained to this day in certain applications – and still successfully applied – is the liquid ring vacuum pump. Download the whitepaper now.

    Busch Vacuum Pumps and Systems
  • eBook: Master The Many Facets Of Flow

    The ability to understand flow is invaluable to process operators. Despite technological advances, tools are only as good as the person using them. Indeed, no sensor can equal the human eye, which has more than 94 million photo receptors. And no solution will solve all issues without proper mastery.

    To help you be proficient in flow, Chemical Processing has put together an eHandbook. It includes insight on:
    Don’t Let Baffles Baffle You — Understand the role of baffles and best practices for them
    Can Particle Size Predict Powder Flow Behavior? — Understanding particle behavior and measurement methods can help improve flow operations
    Set Your Sights on Better Flow — Use this primer to determine the right sight flow indicator for the application
    Improve Boiler Efficiency — Know your options when selecting the appropriate flowmeter technology to measure natural gas, water and steam in power generation
    50 Years of Training Yields Revelations — Process veteran offers some valuable tips to understanding process analyzer sampling systems

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing flow eHandbook now.

  • Special Report: Review Your Rupture Disc Regimen

    Many processes require a device to control or limit the pressure that can build up due to an upset, instrument or equipment failure, or fire. Pressure relief valves, backflow preventers and rupture disks provide this protection.

    However, most chemical processing plants have processing units originally designed and built prior to the availability of current reverse acting disc designs. Rupture disc designs have evolved greatly in the past 80 years to satisfy the greater demands of OSHA for improved safety devices, the EPA to minimize potential fugitive emissions, and the needs of process industries to improve efficiency and mechanical integrity

    This report sponsored by Continental Disc takes a look at how manufacturers are improving efficiency, performance and mechanical integrity.

    Download this Continental Disc Special Report for insights and strategies including:

    • Standardize Rupture Disc Installations
    • Properly Protect Against Overpressure
    • More!

    Download your copy of this Special Report “Review Your Rupture Disc Regimen” now.

    Continental Disc Corp.
  • Hazardous Area Classification Considerations

    Specifiers are increasingly citing requirements for equipment suitable for use in classified areas. Kaeser’s new white paper, “Hazardous Area Classification Considerations” by industry expert, Wayne Perry, explains how an open mind and a little ingenuity can avoid excessive costs for compressors and other equipment, without compromising safety.

    Download now.

    Kaeser Compressors
  • eHandbook: Review These Powder Best Practices

    Powder handling can be dangerous and unpredictable. Indeed, many processes generate dust, which can lead to explosions. Preventing the generation of dust is easier, cheaper and more reliable. This eHandbook offers a few preventative measures. Another problem with powder handling and solids is you often have to pray you don’t have flow issues. In most cases, clumping is the culprit. This eHandbook highlights 10 causes of clumping and 10 solutions. And yet another concern is physically moving the solids. Inside is a top 10 list that addresses pneumatic conveyor systems and lists tips for planning and modifying existing ones.

    To help you properly handle dangerous and unpredictable powders, Chemical Processing has put together an eHandbook. It includes insight on:

    • Deftly Deal with Dust -- Minimize generation and consider either collection or suppression
    • Clamp Down on Clumping -- First understand what’s really causing the problem
    • Install Pneumatic Conveyors Correctly -- Follow 10 steps to prevent a variety of common problems

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing powder eHandbook now.

  • Choosing the Right Technology for Chemical Processes

    Selecting the right vacuum technology for chemical and pharmaceutical processing applications is often difficult. A vacuum system must deliver the required pumping speed and ensure the required pump-down time. It cannot be sensitive to process gases and must meet all requirements. Reliability and economic efficiency also play a significant role.

    Download Now.

    Busch Vacuum Pumps and Systems
  • eHandbook: Fixate On These Flow Best Practices

    Vertical pumps suit a diverse range of industrial applications for services ranging from low to high pressure. To ensure they can handle your applications, it's best to know how to spot and tackle common problems. If you’re dealing with slurries, prepare for a whole other set of problems including how to move them without changing the characteristics of the product. And if you’re looking for clever ways to prevent cavitation in centrifugal pumps, air injection might be the answer.

    To help achieve better flow, Chemical Processing has put together an eHandbook that highlights all of the above. It includes insight on:

    • Vanquish Vertical Pump Vexations -- Address common problems including undersized motor drivers
    • Improve Slurry Handling -- Consider a variety of techniques when working with wet cakes, pastes and slurries
    • Head Off Cavitation -- Air injection into centrifugal pumps sometimes can prevent the problem

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing flow eHandbook now.

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