Process Engineering White Papers

on 'Fire/Explosion Protection'

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  • Best Practices For Flare QRA Tools

    Flare Quantitative Risk Analysis (QRA) is a systematic approach to determine the adequacy of a flare header and can be applied to provide a more realistic assessment of the risk associated with vessel accumulation due to common mode scenarios, in accordance with American Petroleum Institute (API) Standard 521. The QRA process takes the results of a traditional flare study and adds QRA inputs. These include the frequencies of the common mode scenarios, and the effects of instrumentation, operator intervention, and other layers of protection that tend to reduce the severity of the common mode scenario. The process generates a system risk profile, such as an accumulation versus frequency relationship for each vessel discharging to the relief header, which in turn can provide an estimate of the risk of catastrophic loss of containment associated with the relief header system. Flare QRA may reduce costs associated with the need to retrofit flare headers or construct new ones.

    Experience has shown there are several challenges when performing QRA, including (a) how the system level risk is defined, (b) verification of reliability data used as QRA inputs, and (c) how considering only individual equipment may skew the view of resulting risk. This paper discusses these challenges, as well as what results can be expected from Flare QRA and what issues (e.g., flare tip) are not addressed through this analysis process.

    Download the white paper now.

  • Hazardous Area Classification Considerations

    Specifiers are increasingly citing requirements for equipment suitable for use in classified areas. Kaeser’s white paper, “Hazardous Area Classification Considerations” by industry expert, Wayne Perry, explains how an open mind and a little ingenuity can avoid excessive costs for compressors and other equipment, without compromising safety.

    Download the white paper now.


    Kaeser Compressors
  • Special Report: Take the Pressure Off Overpressure Protection

    Sponsored By: Emerson

    With increased attention to operational issues, such as product purity and losses, as well as regulator demands for more stringent leak detection and repair (LDAR) strategies, the quest to reduce fugitive emissions has taken on new urgency at many sites.

    In this report you will learn about:

    • Regulations requiring pressure relief devices
    • Effectively monitoring pressure relief devices and valves
    • Adopting enhanced leak detection and repair strategies

    Read this report to see how leak detection and repair technology is adapting to increased regulatory demands and becoming a reliable, effective and economic way to monitor pressure relief valves.

    Download the special report now.

  • eHandbook: Deter Dangers From Dust

    Combustible dust fire and explosion hazards continue to challenge process safety practices throughout industries that store, handle or use combustible particulate solids.

    To help realize sound ideas and solutions to eliminate fire and explosion threats from combustible dusts, Chemical Processing has put together an eHandbook. It includes insight on:

    • Take Key Steps Against Combustible Dust Hazards -- Having a sound mechanical integrity program in place is crucial.
    • Defuse Dust Dangers -- Carefully consider and then counter risks of fire and explosion.
    • Prevent Dust Explosions With Pressurization Systems -- Technology provides safe, economical option for installing electrical equipment in a hazardous location.

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing dust hazards eHandbook now.


  • eHandbook: Optimize Process Safety

    The need for process safety in the chemical industry is paramount. Technical knowledge and understanding of hazards and risks associated with operations in addition to the implementation of that knowledge into practice are the keys to keeping workers and the environment safe.

    To help optimize process safety, Chemical Processing has put together an eHandbook. It includes insight on:

    • Successfully Reduce Process Safety Events – Other companies can emulate the approach proven effective for Dow.
    • Tackle Combustible Dust Safety Challenges – Indoor collection systems and proper venting help extinguish flames and contain extra-fine particulates.
    • Use Asset Management Software To Improve EH&S Programs – Ability to capture events and link documents improves environmental, health and safety efforts.

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing process safety eHandbook.

  • Strategic Guide to Process Safety

    Process Safety is not just an action or legal requirement, but a way of life and an inbred culture. In order for it to work effectively, many actions have to be performed and incorporated into a manufacturing process from conception to decommission. Most importantly it is a live process whereby when any change occurs, no matter how small, the affected operation must be reassessed to ensure that the safety of the process is not compromised.

    Download the whitepaper now.

    DEKRA Process Safety
  • Hazardous Area Classification Considerations

    When properly used, the hazardous area classification system makes for a safer work environment. Too often, however, hazard classes are specified without concern for the significantly higher design and procurement costs they bring. In many cases, an open mind and a little ingenuity can avoid excessive costs for compressors and other equipment, without compromising safety.

    This white paper explains hazardous classification systems commonly used in the chemical industry and outlines considerations for installing compressed air equipment in these areas.

    Download now.

    Kaeser Compressors
  • eHandbook: Profit From Process Safety Pointers

    Being pretty good at safety may not be good enough for very long. Indeed, the practice of safety in the chemical industry has changed and matured significantly over the past several decades and will continue to evolve. Astute leaders will develop future-centered safety strategies. For the less astute, the future always will be a dark journey full of unpleasant and potentially fatal surprises. Fear of fines and jail time shouldn’t be the motivation for “doing the right thing.”

    To offer the best process safety pointers, we’ve put together another Chemical Processing eHandbook. It includes insight on:

    • Process Safety: Get Ready for 10 Changes -- Ten emerging trends will reshape how chemical makers approach and manage safety
    • PSM Demands Better Maintenance Planning -- Follow some pointers to succeed at sites covered by the statute
    • Mitigate Explosions in Spray Drying System -- Available mitigation approaches depend on the spray dryer system and design limitations

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing process safety eHandbook now.

  • eHandbook: Make Solids Problems Take a Powder

    Powders and solids are a tricky business. You have to be proactive to ensure catastrophic events like dust explosions don’t happen. You have to be able to convert laboratory findings into a meaningful process design all while taking into account forces unknown or unseen. And you have to make it all flow according to plan and specs.

    To help you address potential problems, we’ve put together
    another Chemical Processing eHandbook. It includes advice on:

    Talk to a Chemist
    You may get valuable insights for successfully scaling up a process

    Surmount Sticky Situations
    A properly designed fluid-bed dryer can handle sticky solids

    Support Good Housekeeping Practices
    Implement a proactive approach using industrial vacuum cleaners to
    prevent secondary dust explosions

    Predicting Powder Flow Behavior Just Got Easier
    New shear cell tests help to ensure product consistency

    Understand Powder Flow Characteristics
    A powder’s variables and external factors will greatly impact blender size

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing powder eHandbook now.

  • Modern Design Considerations for Pressure Relief Systems

    Maintaining constant control of pressure in chemical processing and refining equipment is vital in order to avoid the risk of catastrophic damage, injuries, and environmental risks. This paper from Fike outlines the importance of assessing process risks and designing effective pressure relief systems accordingly and provides guidance to ensure that your systems are up to the task.

    Download the white paper now.

  • eHandbook: Succeed at Process Safety

    This Chemical Processing eHandbook examines some of today’s Process Safety challenges for chemical manufacturers and some of the best practices that can be implemented to make your operations safer.

    Download this Chemical Processing eHandbook for insights and strategies including:

    • Walk the Line: Company-wide initiative eliminates operator line-up errors. Learn the steps to recognize the errors and implement the solutions.
    • Succeed at Process Safety Management: Follow ten rules to ensure an effective long-term program to make your operations safer.
    • Properly Pump Condensable Vapors: Each system has benefits and limitations as well as special considerations for handling hazards mixtures. Find out what you need to know!.
    • More!

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Process Safety eHandbook now.

  • eHandbook: Handle Powders With Care

    Are you looking for more information about handling powders?

    Do you want to prevent problems before they start and consider alternative methods?

    This Chemical Processing eHandbook takes a look at how chemicals manufacturers are meeting the challenges of handling powders. Download this Chemical Processing eHandbook for insights and strategies including:

    • Prevent Problems with Fine Particles: Sampling is crucial and demands particular care.
    • Don’t Err About Fluidization: Consider its under-appreciated advantages and broader utility.
    • Get the Most Out of Your Sterilization Process: Take a close look at two commonly used methods and their associated vacuum technology.
    • More!

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.

  • Advantages Of Explosion-Proof LED Lighting In Confined Spaces

    Explosion proof LED lights are highly applicable in facilities where dangerous gases and dust are present. Confined spaces in such establishments entail numerous obstacles for workers, inspectors and operators, due to the location’s isolated and unpredictable nature. Applying the right explosion proof lights in a facility can greatly improve safety in the workplace and minimize risks related to fire hazards, explosions and accidents.

    This paper covers the following about explosion proof LED lights:

    • Explosion proof LED lighting design
    • Regulatory and classification compliance
    • Best practices for usage and safety in confined spaces
    • Latest trends in explosion proof LED lighting products

    Larson Electronics, a leading industrial lighting company, provides an extensive selection of explosion proof LED lights for fast-moving sectors, businesses and large-scale projects. Download the white paper now.

    Larson Electronics
  • Powder eHandbook: Preclude Powder Problems

    Process design and process safety are critical considerations in chemical production and processing. With design and safety paramount at the outset of any new development or equipment retrofit, firms can minimize risk exposure, maximize productivity and position themselves to remain compliant and competitive. Whether retrofit or new, chemical processing is continually challenged by combustible dust. Combustible dust can pose a hidden hazard when accumulation occurs in unseen locations such as in mechanical spaces, above false ceiling, ventilation systems and dust collection systems. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at strategies and solutions for mitigating combustible dust hazards including:

    • Identifying hidden hazards - a case study outlining how a facility finds danger from accumulated dust and effectively addresses it
    • Powder flowability - how new measurement methods now make it easier to evaluate flow
    • Process safety -  properly designed weigh model can optimize safety and improve efficiency
    • A multivariate approach to powder processing -  an overview of several methods that can help determine which powder properties have the greatest influence on performance

    Learn how to preclude powder problems. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.

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