Combustible dust explosions are a known hazard in chemical processing,and metal dusts pose a unique danger. Learn why this concern is growing in urgency and the steps industry regulators and technology leaders are taking to improve risk mitigation. Download the whitepaper now.06/28/2016
Maintaining constant control of pressure in chemical processing and refining equipment is vital in order to avoid the risk of catastrophic damage, injuries, and environmental risks. This paper from Fike outlines the importance of assessing process risks and designing effective pressure relief systems accordingly and provides guidance to ensure that your systems are up to the task.12/01/2016
A large number of analytical and highly empirical correlations including monograms reflecting changing standards have been or are being proposed separately for gas and dust explosion relief venting. This white paper provides a generalized formula that is applicable to both gas and dust deflagrations including subsonic and sonic pressure relief conditions and is consistent with available experimental data and industry experience. Application of the model is illustrated for dust explosions. Download now.05/06/2011
Preventing Phenolic Resin Reactor Accidents: Easy to Use Procedure for Checking Adequacy of Emergency Relief Vent Sizes
An easy to use generalized vent sizing formula is illustrated to be consistent with large scale industry experience and dedicated phenolic runaway reaction tests performed by Fauske & Associates, LLC. The formula also clearly explains the 1999 catastrophic failure of a phenol-formaldehyde reactor resulting from a grossly undersized relief system.06/25/2012
This nine-page whitepaper discusses the sources of powder flooding, the dangers it can pose to your equipment and the steps you can take to prevent it from happening.03/01/2005
This short two-page PDF whitepaper first discusses how an arch develops within a hopper and then disusses strategies for effectively removing them.01/31/2005
This application note from Delta Controls outlines selection and installation criteria for using admittance probes to monitor the level of powders, liquids and other materials. Dielectric constants of more than 200 materials are included.07/05/2005
This application note from Delta Controls outlines selection and installation criteria for using admittance probes to monitor the level of powders, liquids and other materials. Dielectric constants of more than 200 materials are included.01/05/2006
Samsung General Chemicals manufactures various petrochemicals and polymers. The cooling step in their polypropylene line was a bottleneck that limited the amount of powder polypropylene that they could produce per year. The PP is used for a wide variety of applications ranging from packaging films to automotive components.07/21/2008
This 11-page PDF whitepaper creates an outline for a standardized approach to the devices and items routinely provided to allow personnel to cross unit handling material handling conveyors.05/01/2005
When choosing filters for your cartridge dust collector, a Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) calculation allows you to make the most economical and sustainable choice. TCO is a step-by-step evaluation that explores energy use, maintenance and other factors to compare the real costs of operating a dust collector with different filters. This white paper explains how to perform TCO calculations to save money, time and energy.03/04/2011
The collection and testing of dust samples is a long-established practice used by many powder and bulk processors to make informed dust collection decisions. Dust testing protocols have not changed markedly in recent years. The importance of dust testing, however, has changed, and the implications are significant. While knowing your dust has always been good practice, it is rapidly becoming a necessity in today's regulatory climate.
This article will review two separate types of testing: (1) explosibility testing, which is used to determine whether a dust is combustible; and (2) bench testing, which pinpoints numerous physical properties of the dust. Both categories of tests are needed to determine the best dust collection system for your application and whether explosion venting equipment must be part of that system.03/16/2010
Over the past decade, cartridge-style dust collectors have overtaken baghouses as the preferred technology for dust collection in the chemical processing industry. Combining high efficiency filtration with compact size and reduced pressure drop, a high efficiency cartridge dust collector will in most cases be the system of choice.
Choosing the best cartridge collection system for a given application, however, involves research and attention to detail. This article will review four key areas of investigation. By reviewing these topics with a knowledgeable equipment supplier and knowing the right questions to ask, chemical manufacturing professionals will be better equipped to make informed dust collection decisions. Download this whitepaper now.06/21/2010
Combustible dust explosions are a risk in many areas, but one of the most common locations is the dust collector. This white paper reviews OSHA and NFPA standards, how to identify hazards, and the types of equipment used for explosion protection. It also examines common shortfalls to compliance.09/25/2012
Combustible dust explosions are a risk in many areas of a chemical plant. Are you in compliance? This white paper reviews the OSHA NEP for combustible dust, NFPA standards on explosion hazards, equipment used for explosion protection, and how to avoid the most common shortfalls to compliance.01/27/2014
Wet scrubbers and dry media dust collectors are two very different technologies used to capture dusts generated during production processes. Both types have inherent advantages and disadvantages. Which is best for your application? The choice is not always clear-cut, but this white paper will help with the decision process by providing a comparison between wet and dry dust collectors. It will outline general parameters for equipment selection with respect to dust properties including combustibility, explosibility, particle size, moisture and adhesiveness. It will also discuss how to apply NFPA 484: Standard for Combustible Metals, the standard that best addresses wet collection. Though NFPA 484 is specific to metals, some of its content can and should apply to nonmetal combustible dusts.04/28/2016
Manufacturing a pure product can be critically important to the next steps in the manufacture of a powder-based product. As a result the removal of residual moisture and solvents from the crystallization, filtration and drying steps can be crucial to producing a stable product.06/28/2006
This 4-page case history by Jeroen van den Berg of Bolz-Summix discusses how changing process conditions within a conical screw dryer eliminated granulation and minimized product segregation.05/02/2006
This white paper discusses highly acidic chemical process slurries and the use of continuous vacuum filtration technologies for filtration, cake washing and drying.
First, the basics and benefits of continuous vacuum filtration technologies are reviewed followed by case-studies. In this first process, the precipitated solids are in sulfuric acid slurry. The challenge is to process 2200 kg/hour of dry solids for filtration, counter-current washing and drying in a contained environment.
In this second process, the objective is to process precipitated solids in an hydrochloric acid slurry. The white paper concludes with a framework for vacuum technology selection and how this can be applied to other toxic and difficult chemical process filtrations.10/18/2016
This 5-page document discusses how to improve the return on investment by appropriate auditing of materials-handling operations.10/15/2004