Systems are becoming more complex. This complexity is changing the nature of the accidents and losses we are experiencing. Process design and process safety are critical considerations in chemical production and processing. With design and safety paramount at the outset of any new development or equipment retrofit, firms can minimize risk exposure, maximize productivity and position themselves to remain compliant and competitive. Advanced automation technologies continue to drive productivity improvements. In this Chemical Processing Improve Plant Safety eHandbook, we provide tips for safer processing including:
The role of senior management including six important steps senior management should take to insure safer processing
Optimizing process safety and efficiency through modern weighing design
The fundamentals of blast-resistant building
Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Improve Plant Safety eHandbook now.
Increasingly stringent clean air standards and heightened concerns over greenhouse gas emissions are driving technology enhancements in the chemical processing industry. This white paper explains some of the abatement challenges this industry faces and demonstrates how many chemical processors are integrating newer, more efficient emission control technologies for the destruction of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) and Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs).
The paper also includes a case study, demonstrating how one Pure Terephthalic Acid (PTA) plant saved nearly one million dollars by upgrading to a newer thermal oxidizer technology.
Hazardous locations have or could potentially have high concentrations of flammable gases, vapors, combustible dusts, etc. A small spark can lead to a horrific explosion dangerous to equipment and workers in the area. Equipment located in hazardous areas must be specifically designed to prevent ignition and explosion.
Read this White Paper to learn:
Types of hazardous areas
Conditions classified as hazardous
Specifications for equipment located in hazardous areas
Explosion proof dryers designed for compressed air systems
Chemical plants vary widely in size and complexity yet share common goals for maximizing efficiency safely and cost effectively. This Chemical Processing Special Report tackles two areas in chemical processing - compressed air systems and powder handling - where gains can be achieved for improving efficiency. We also address the concerns of safety as it relates to drying compressed air in hazardous atmospheres.
Whether compressed air systems are centrifugal, rotary screw, reciprocating compressors or a combination, this Special Report provides and understanding of what’s involved in getting a suitable supply of compressed air.
Efficient powder handling can be achieved through optimized humidity management.
Combustible dust explosions are a risk in many areas of a chemical plant. Are you in compliance? This white paper reviews the OSHA NEP for combustible dust, NFPA standards on explosion hazards, equipment used for explosion protection, and how to avoid the most common shortfalls to compliance.
The unfortunate propensity of dust explosions to destroy entire facilities and claim lives is very real. Powder handling processes often are comprised of interconnected enclosures and equipment. Flame and pressure resulting from a dust explosion can therefore propagate through piping, across galleries, and reach other pieces of equipment or enclosures, leading to extensive damage. In this Chemical Processing Special Report, we take a look at the latest NFPA standards and dust explosion mitigation strategies. This Special Report covers:
Significant revisions to dust explosion standards – NFPA 654 major changes include new administrative requirements
How to defuse dust dangers - carefully consider and then counter risks of fire and explosion
Five common dust explosion misconceptions that can lead to a false sense of security
Prepare your facility against potential dust explosion dangers. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Special Report now.
Major accidents with multiple fatalities continue to occur worldwide in theprocess industries, causing distress to those involved and massive costs to companies. Almost daily, facilities in the process industries face a number of specific major accident hazard scenarios depending upon the nature of the substances they handle and their processing activities. These are caused by known initiating events such as failure of hardware or control systems, or errors by operating or maintenance staff. In this Chemical Processing Process Safety eHandbook, we provide tips for safer processing including:
>> The role of senior management including six important steps senior management should take to insure safer processing
>> Process safety documentation – strategies for ensuring that your documentation is up-to-date and readily accessible
Bristol-Myers Squibb manually monitored dissolved oxygen (DO) periodically and ran aeration blowers more than necessary to guard against variable loading rates. After upgrading the system to use online DO monitoring operators now have continuous DO readings in the aeration tanks, substantially reducing energy and maintenance costs.
Chemical makers increasingly are focusing on water-related issues. In particular, concern over availability is spurring leading operating companies to implement a host of novel strategies and technologies to optimize water use. Chemical makers are implementing strategies and solutions to scale back on their overall usage of water, reuse water and put clean water back in to circulation. In this ChemicalProcessing Water Optimization eHandbook we take a look at how chemical companies are dealing with water challenges
Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Water Optimization eHandbook now.
Flexible Intermediate Bulk Containers (FIBCs) have found their niche in the worldwide transportation of powdered, flaked and granulated products. FIBCs are typically made of woven plastic with some type of liner insert and are often referred to as super sacks, big bags or bulk bags in industry. During filling and emptying of FIBCs there is a steady accumulation of static charge that can result in electrostatic discharges from the FIBC. This may in turn provide sufficient energy for ignition of combustible particulate solids or flammable vapors, not to mention unsettling shocks to nearby personnel. In this white paper we review the NFPA 654 Standard for the Prevention of Fire and Dust Explosions from Combustible Particulate Solids and the importance of why identifying the Minimum Ignition Energy (MIE) of your combustible dust or flammable vapor is a necessary component for selecting the correct FIBC Type for your application. Download now.
Combustible dust explosions are a risk in many areas, but one of the most common locations is the dust collector. This white paper reviews OSHA and NFPA standards, how to identify hazards, and the types of equipment used for explosion protection. It also examines common shortfalls to compliance.
The U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s Process Safety Management (PSM) Standard [29 CFR 1910.119(j)] require plant management to identify and address hazards. Further challenging plant management, the mechanical integrity (MI) element of the PSM has been difficult for many facilities to implement. In fact, PSM audits by OSHA have consistently demonstrated that MI accounts for a large number of citations at most facilities. In this Chemical Processing Special Report, we take a look at how to effectively implement strategies to comply with PSM standards including:
Common piping, hoses and valves hazards – what PHA (Process Handling Analysis) teams should look for to improve the quality of the hazard evaluation
MI element of PSM – an in-depth look at the stated MI requirements, the perceived interpretation of these requirements and further considerations for identifying your plant’s compliance strategy
MI implications – the impact MI has on plant’s written procedures, training, inspection & testing, and how equipment deficiencies and quality assurance programs are managed
Chemical, petrochemical, and oil-reﬁning plants are process-intensive operations with regulatory requirements to protect the surrounding water and air from the effects of industrial pollution. This paper reviews activated carbon adsorption, the reactivation process, liquid phase and vapor phase adsorption design guidelines, and typical applications of the technology in industrial/environmental treatment.
The dangers posed by combustible dusts are no longer being swept under the rug. Tougher regulations and greater corporate resolve are making dust hazard management an increasingly important topic for every manufacturing sector including the chemical, food and pharmaceutical industries.
This Special Report, brought to you by Chemical Processing details the dangers posed by combustible dusts and includes:
the latest thinking on both hazard identification and mitigation; it identifies how to mitigate dust hazards in oral solid dosage facilities; it takes an in-depth look at regulations and the thinking behind suppression technologies as a result of past activity; more!
In chemicals processing, significant hazards exist -- such as those from fire, explosions or toxic release. The processes themselves, the chemicals being processed and the procedures followed, or lack thereof, can all contribute to the risk exposure of these hazards. What can processors do to mitigate these risks? For chemicals processors, it's crucial to implement processes and solutions to detect and prevent these hazards from occurring in the first place.
Chemical Processing has taken an in-depth look at plant safety -- how to identify the hazards and implement processes and procedures to ensure a safer working environment. This comprehensive Chemical Processing Special Report titled: Improve Plant Safety is now available to download for free.
Installing new production processes, or upgrading and expanding existing lines today may also require upgrading your air pollution control system. This white paper specifically focuses on the advantages of using a single direct fire thermal oxidizer and provides a case study example.
A large number of analytical and highly empirical correlations including monograms reflecting changing standards have been or are being proposed separately for gas and dust explosion relief venting. This white paper provides a generalized formula that is applicable to both gas and dust deflagrations including subsonic and sonic pressure relief conditions and is consistent with available experimental data and industry experience. Application of the model is illustrated for dust explosions. Download now.
All of the benefits of Product Lifecycle Management can be erased by significant non-compliance events that impact a company through fines, penalties, negative publicity, or prohibition to sell a new product in key markets. Without a sustainability strategy, the PLM value proposition is at risk.
Over the past 10 years, manufacturers have faced an increasing number of compliance and product quality challenges, ranging from new regulations to product recalls. This White Paper details the business case for an integrated and comprehensive view of product and REACH compliance processes. If "done right," it is expected that these improvements to the compliance process can not only provide time and cost savings but also open doors to new markets, lower risks associated with complex supply chains, protect the reputation of the brand, and create a foundation for environmental sustainability.
Over the past decade, cartridge-style dust collectors have overtaken baghouses as the preferred technology for dust collection in the chemical processing industry. Combining high efficiency filtration with compact size and reduced pressure drop, a high efficiency cartridge dust collector will in most cases be the system of choice.
Choosing the best cartridge collection system for a given application, however, involves research and attention to detail. This article will review four key areas of investigation. By reviewing these topics with a knowledgeable equipment supplier and knowing the right questions to ask, chemical manufacturing professionals will be better equipped to make informed dust collection decisions. Download this whitepaper now.