Automation designers face many challenges and tradeoffs in the development of a successful network solution. This white paper discusses the necessary choices in selecting a network technology appropriate for various specific applications.
This document describes best practices for the reference architecture for a process control system network and its interfaces to a corporate network. The papers objective is to give the reader an understanding of the techniques utilized to securely connect these networks.
Industrial automation is no longer limited by the walls of a production facility. More and more automation is being handled via remote communication, whether its from the office or from the comfort of your own home. Todays PLCs give you the ability to access your control system to
handle such tasks as monitoring via a website to determine the condition of a machine or check other statistics.
Batch process control security is becoming a critical concern for the process control domain, IT technology infrastructure and the business enterprise. This paper explores several key security concerns in batch control system architectures and methods for addressing these issues.
Batch manufacturing systems must maintain the status of equipment, including which are available, dirty, out of service, etc. In industries that enforce Good Manufacturing Practices (GMPs), additional status types and values for process equipment must be maintained. Rules associated with the equipment status can be complex and involve the equipment class, current equipment state and time in the current
state. This paper covers the operator interface used to review the equipment status and the interlocking requirements between the recipe and batch phases based on multiple status types.
Dow Chemical maintains thousands of batch control systems world-wide built on its proprietary MOD 5 computer system. Over decades, they have been meticulous to preserve and enhance these systems. Dow intends to preserve and reap the rewards of this diligence by developing reverse engineering best practices and tools to migrate this intellectual property to next-generation platforms.
Harmonics can have a detrimental effect on power generators and other sensitive electrical equipment for the user and utility alike. The number of adjustable speed drives (ASDs) has increased significantly in the past decade. Their contribution to the total electrical load of a power system is significant and cannot be neglected. This white paper discusses various passive techniques for reducing input current harmonics.
The WirelessHART standard provides a robust wireless protocol for the full range of process measurement, control and asset management applications. Based on the proven and familiar HART protocol, it enables users to quickly and easily gain the benefits of wireless technology while maintaining compatibility with existing devices, tools and systems.
Ensuring the security of industrial control systems is hardly a new topic. The earliest users of modern control systems in power stations and chemical plants saw the need to protect access to vital control functions from unauthorized use. Similarly, in industries such as fine chemical or pharmaceutical
where the process is the product, manufacturers have always sought to protect the secrets of their unique processes from the prying eyes of industrial spies. This white paper by ARC describes how the Siemens AG PCS7 Security Concept bundles key security measures in seveal specific areas to create a deep hierarchy of security known as defense in depth.
This white paper by Project Success Incorporated focuses on the resource that is of greatest concern to most organizations personnel. In a project management system, personnel resources may be identified as individuals by name or as functional groups, such as computer programmers.
One of the difficulties of managing projects that involve several (perhaps many) organizations is that the group has no pre-established procedures for handling actions that cross organizational boundaries. This white paper by Project Success Incorporated discusses the development of a procedures manual.
Many automation engineers are coming face to face with real fieldbus applications for the first time. Fieldbus offers many benefits, but installation requires some additional considerations over and above normal 4-20mA projects. This whitepaper discusses some of those issues, and shows you how to deal with them.
Sure, the process engineer is proud of his HMI (human machine interface) and the operations manager is pleased with his KPI (key performance indicators) dashboard and how effectively the system is running with the implementation of his new MES/MIS solution. The historian and analytic solution get all the credit when a field equipment crisis is averted. Does anyone ever think to thank the lowly driver? Without data, the HMI is just a pretty picture, and the best analytics in the world are only ideas without any basis in fact. Plus, tens or hundreds of thousand dollars are spent on that, while the driver budget isn't even a line item on the spec sheet. The communication arteries and veins reach out to all areas of the field equipment, sending and receiving data, efficiently and tirelessly ensuring the ability to acquire, analyze and adapt to the situations at hand.
Case Study of a Plant to Enterprise Solution
This white paper describes a case study of a real-life case harmonizing thirteen chemicals plants on one MES platform and bringing the plant floor at enterprise
level the Plant to Enterprise initiative (P2E) . The chemical plants are located on seven different production sites in four European countries: The Netherlands,
Germany, Denmark and Sweden.
Support for off spec materials, formula management, changeovers, parallel operations, lot trace and trace, unlimited unit of measure conversions, is key.
There are a host of enterprise resource planning (ERP) and supply chain management applications available to chemical manufacturersthe challenge is selecting the right one that offers a baseline product with industry-specific functionality. Many ERP applications available today are not industry-specific enough for chemical manufacturers and require major modifications, or, one must select from an industry template that may or may not fit specific needs.
There is also the chance that the software provider may not exist in two to three years (e.g., it may be acquired and the products future may become unknown), or the provider may not be financially secure, adding long-term risk.
While the activity of alarm rationalization is straightforward, its application can range from simple to extremely complex depending on resources and objectives. This white paper introduces two basic methodologies: Bounded or Unbounded, and evaluates the benefits of each.
Whether we are headed toward an economic rebound or continuing with the current economic downturn, specialty chemicals manufacturers should take steps now in order to get or keep a competitive edge. But what steps should specialty chemicals manufacturers take? This Special Report will discuss actionable strategies including: Reducing costs while maintaining quality and compliance; Committing not just to "lean manufacturing" but to "lean supply chain" strategies; Implementing "agile manufacturing" practices.