Process Engineering White Papers

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  • Specifying industrial fieldbus networks for automation

    Automation designers face many challenges and tradeoffs in the development of a successful network solution. This white paper discusses the necessary choices in selecting a network technology appropriate for various specific applications.

    Texas Instruments
  • Securing Process Control Network External Communications

    In the real world, sharing PCN data with external systems and accessing PCN systems from external sources is fast becoming a business necessity. This paper provides some generic guidelines for enabling secure connectivity between PCNs and external systems.

  • PACs for industrial control: The future of control

    With a number of vendors producing Programmable Automation Controllers that combine the functionality of a PC and reliability of a PLC, PACs today are increasingly being incorporated into control systems. This white paper explores the origins of the PAC, how PACs differ from PLCs and PCs, and the future direction of industrial control with PACs.

    National Instruments
  • Electro-hydraulic system design: Making the right system choices

    Designers who understand and can take advantage of the differences between fluid power and traditional electromechanical power can build machines that produce higher quality output with lower lifecycle costs. This white paper suggests that care must be taken, however, in selecting and sizing the hydraulic system elements and in tuning the motion controller for optimal performance.

    Delta Computer Systems
  • Technology expands flowmeter capabilities, reduces costs

    Capacitance-type magnetic flowmeters have traditionally offered the advantage of having non-wetted electrodes and the ability to measure low conductivity fluids. However, they suffered from a sensitivity to flow noise and zero instability. Innovative technology overcomes these limitations and drives magnetic flowmeters into new areas of application, while reducing installed costs.

  • Bearing isolators 101

    A bearing isolator is a non-contact, non-wearing, permanent bearing protection device. It has a rotor and a stator, and the two are unitized, so that they don’t separate from one another while in use. Typically, the rotor turns with a rotating shaft, while the stator is pressed into a bearing housing. The two components interact to keep contamination out of the bearing enclosure and the lubricant in.

  • Fisher control valve handbook

    This 295-page PDF whitepaper is a control valve resource that has been consistently updated for 30 years. It contains vital information on control valve performance and latest technologies.

  • How to control a process with long dead time

    A process with a large dead time presents a special challenge for a controller --  any controller. This short paper explains how to get the best control of large dead time processes.

  • Level measurement of bulk solids and powders

    This 26-page white paper from Monitor Technologies discusses the difficulties in measuring bulk solids and powders in bins, silos and hoppers.  Download this document to learn which technologies are out there that can make this job easier.

    Monitor Technologies
  • Ziegler-Nichols Tuning Rules And Limitations

    The standard reference for PID tuning seems to be the Ziegler-Nichols tuning rules developed in 1942 on a pneumatic controller. Here is how to tune a controller using these rules.

  • Understand Pump Lifecycle Costs

    This 22-page paper from the Dept. of Energy, Hydraulic Institute and Europump explains the importance of understanding the total costs of ownership to achieve savings in energy, and operational and maintenance costs. It discusses what lifecycle cost is, what should be considered in a lifecycle cost analysis, and the role of proper pump system design.

  • Achieve 21 CFR Part 11 Compliance

    This technical white paper discusses Yokogawa’s CENTUM CS 3000 R3 DCS (Distributed Control System) product and the extent of its compliance with Part 11 of Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations (21 CFR Part 11), the Electronic Records/Electronic Signatures Rule.

  • Design the Heat-Transfer-System Expansion Tank Right

    The design of the expansion tank plays an important role in the successful operation of a heat transfer system using organic fluids. It can contribute to longer fluid life and lower maintenance. This paper describes the proper sizing, piping and valving, instrumenting, and inerting of the tank.

  • Succeed at Alarm Management

    Today's control system make it easy to add alarms. The result has been a proliferation of alarms that can overwhelm an operator and actually obscure situations that really require immediate attention. This paper provides practical guidance on effective procedures that can significantly reduce nuisance alarms and improve operator effectiveness.

    D. Shook, PhD, P.Eng., Matrikon, Inc.
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