Managing Complex Equipment Status in a GMP Environment
Batch manufacturing systems must maintain the status of equipment, including which are available, dirty, out of service, etc. In industries that enforce Good Manufacturing Practices (GMPs), additional status types and values for process equipment must be maintained. Rules associated with the equipment status can be complex and involve the equipment class, current equipment state and time in the current
state. This paper covers the operator interface used to review the equipment status and the interlocking requirements between the recipe and batch phases based on multiple status types.
Fieldbus and remote I/O system comparison
Nine manufacturers participated in the FuRIOS study, which was conduced under the lead of an end user company that compared its use of fieldbus and remote I/O in full detail.
Aventis, Infraserv GmbH
Process Control Network Security - Reference Architecture
This document describes best practices for the reference architecture for a process control system network and its interfaces to a corporate network. The papers objective is to give the reader an understanding of the techniques utilized to securely connect these networks.
Specifying industrial fieldbus networks for automation
Automation designers face many challenges and tradeoffs in the development of a successful network solution. This white paper discusses the necessary choices in selecting a network technology appropriate for various specific applications.
Measurement Best Practices
This 9-page PDF discusses way in which you can ensure your measurements are accurate, repeatable and reliable.
How to control a process with long dead time
A process with a large dead time presents a special challenge for a controller -- any controller. This short paper explains how to get the best control of large dead time processes.
Theory and practice of pH measurement
This 43-page guide covers the basic mechanism of pH measurement, the structure of the sensor and its fundamental limitations, and also provides installation, maintenance and troubleshooting guidance.
Tracing the accuracy of calibration gases
Calibrating your instruments using specialty gas will only yield results as accurate as your gas mixture. This three-page white paper discusses analytic traceability and how it relates to gas mixture accuracy.
Ziegler-Nichols Tuning Rules And Limitations
The standard reference for PID tuning seems to be the Ziegler-Nichols tuning rules developed in 1942 on a pneumatic controller. Here is how to tune a controller using these rules.
Achieve 21 CFR Part 11 Compliance
This technical white paper discusses Yokogawas CENTUM CS 3000 R3 DCS (Distributed Control System) product and the extent of its compliance with Part 11 of Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations (21 CFR Part 11), the Electronic Records/Electronic Signatures Rule.
Succeed at Alarm Management
Today's control system make it easy to add alarms. The result has been a proliferation of alarms that can overwhelm an operator and actually obscure situations that really require immediate attention. This paper provides practical guidance on effective procedures that can significantly reduce nuisance alarms and improve operator effectiveness.
D. Shook, PhD, P.Eng., Matrikon, Inc.
Selecting Transmitters for Safety Instrumented Systems
This paper presents best practices that allow the user to quantify the impact of real-world failure causes and to take credit for improvements in system design. Besides selection, it also covers installation and maintenance.