Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook: Best Practices for Flow
The purpose of installing a flowmeter system is to accurately measure flow in a reliable manner. Issues related to physical properties, process parameters, electronic features, interconnections can all affect the flowmeter performance. This Chemical Processing eHandbook takes a look at technologies and solutions affecting flow as well as the impact of specific regulations on flowmeter systems including:
Specifying the right slurry seal – understanding dual-seal and water-management options
Ground EMFs with Virtual Reference - New grounding method eases electromagnetic flowmeter installation and minimizes costs
Determine Boiler Size Using a Flowmeter - An inline vortex meter reveals the proper steam usage, resulting in significant savings and improved energy efficiency.
White Paper: Understanding the Risks Associated with FIBCs and Electrostatic Hazards
Flexible Intermediate Bulk Containers (FIBCs) have found their niche in the worldwide transportation of powdered, flaked and granulated products. FIBCs are typically made of woven plastic with some type of liner insert and are often referred to as super sacks, big bags or bulk bags in industry. During filling and emptying of FIBCs there is a steady accumulation of static charge that can result in electrostatic discharges from the FIBC. This may in turn provide sufficient energy for ignition of combustible particulate solids or flammable vapors, not to mention unsettling shocks to nearby personnel. In this white paper we review the NFPA 654 Standard for the Prevention of Fire and Dust Explosions from Combustible Particulate Solids and the importance of why identifying the Minimum Ignition Energy (MIE) of your combustible dust or flammable vapor is a necessary component for selecting the correct FIBC Type for your application. Download now.
Fauske & Associates
New Developments in Process Heating Using Microwave Technology
The use of microwave technology has come a long way since its debut decades ago. See why chemical processors should be considering the many benefits of using microwave compared to conventional heating and drying systems. Learn why microwave mixing will save you considerable time and money with a superior product quality.
Mixing of Powders into Liquids – Dust-free Induction and Dispersion
Mixing of powders into liquids should be relatively easy. You pour powder onto the liquid's surface and then mix it in. However, this mixing can be very troublesome in production. This paper examines the various factors involved with mixing powders into liquids and how to avoid potential problems.
Powder Technologies, Inc.
CP eHandbook: Use Energy Effectively
Effective energy management can help achieve more efficient use of energy without reducing production levels, product quality or employee morale, and without compromising safety and environmental standards. It should not only address higher efficiency generation, energy conversion, distribution and utilization, but also explore lower-cost energy alternatives. Simply put, energy management is optimizing the energy cost per unit of product output. In this Chemical Processing Energy Efficiency eHandbook, we take a look at how to achieve effective energy management including:
• Energy management programs – the roles and responsibilities needed to create an effective energy management program
• Internal and external resources needed for an effective energy management program including what to expect from top management
• Energy management basics – the five key activities to help reduce energy use
• Compression dryers – a review of three alternatives: heat, desiccant and refrigerant. Understanding whether the purchase “cost” outweighs the “value” in terms of energy consumption and production levels.
No More Risky Business With Virtual Patching
Patching process control system software to remove security vulnerabilities is fraught with risk. System issues can be the result of installing a patch, but a system is also vulnerable without patching. Fortunately, virtual patching can improve the process and raise the system’s security at the same time.
Cyber Security: A Perfect Storm
As companies and industries increasingly rely on technology, security risks become greater. With growing numbers of Windows machines and increased scarcity of skilled technical resources, a “perfect storm” of cyber threats in production facilities is looming.
Application Whitelisting: Extend Your Security Arsenal
As the security threat landscape continues to evolve, so must your response. With increasing numbers of attempted intrusions, cautionary tales of security breaches and the potential for resulting damages at your site, application whitelisting can be an important addition to your security arsenal.
No More Tears for Control System Migration
While upgrading process control systems is vital to maintaining a plant’s performance, the migration process often brings confusion and frustration for customers. See how Honeywell keeps control systems running at the best possible performance throughout the migration process and into the future.
PRALCA’s Path to Modernization
With an aging installed legacy Distributed Control System (DCS), the PRALCA petrochemical plant needed advanced control strategies to improve plant efficiency. Find out how a comprehensive migration solution extended the life of plant equipment and provided a cost-effective path forward to the latest automation technology.
Expanding Production at FMC Lithium
FMC Minera del Altiplano, a leader in the mining of lithium ores and brines, wanted to automate its production processes but lacked sufficient capacity to keep pace with continuous operational improvements. See how FMC expanded processing capacity while minimizing risks to critical plant information.
CP Powder eHandbook: Effective Powder Processing
As many chemical processors know, processing powders can be tricky. Powder properties can be affected if the materials are stored for long periods. Powders can be compressed, vibrated, aerated and exposed to moisture. And specific processes like granulation, blending, drying, milling, lubricating and compression put requirements on how powders can be handled. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at how to effectively process powder including:
Compression dryers – the case for choosing a solution that produces optimal air quality and low energy consumption
GHS – understanding the requirements and what it means to chemicals processors
Predicting powder flow behavior
Vibratory screen cleaning methods
Fine powder flushing - eliminating a common bin-afflicting problem caused by trapped air
Tubular Drag Conveying Technology – an alternative to pneumatic conveying
Addressing dust hazards – including explosions
Chemical Processing Special Report: Migration
"Migration could be the biggest single issue facing automation end-users today," stresses a report from the ARC Advisory Group. ARC estimates that installed automation systems worth about $65 billion are reaching the end of their useful lives. Distributed control systems (DCSs) more than 20 years old will need replacement within the next ten years. In this Chemical Processing Special Report: Migration we cover:
Updating process control systems – understanding the challenges and missteps to avoid
Case Study: FMC Corporation – we look at the production processes, operational challenges and automated solutions this diversified global chemical company chose when migrating their DCS
Case Study: PRALCA – control systems migration for a petrochemicals facility
The business case for control systems migration - strategies for protecting investments, improving business results and reducing risks
CP Special Report: Hardware Safety
The U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s Process Safety Management (PSM) Standard [29 CFR 1910.119(j)] require plant management to identify and address hazards. Further challenging plant management, the mechanical integrity (MI) element of the PSM has been difficult for many facilities to implement. In fact, PSM audits by OSHA have consistently demonstrated that MI accounts for a large number of citations at most facilities. In this Chemical Processing Special Report, we take a look at how to effectively implement strategies to comply with PSM standards including:
Common piping, hoses and valves hazards – what PHA (Process Handling Analysis) teams should look for to improve the quality of the hazard evaluation
MI element of PSM – an in-depth look at the stated MI requirements, the perceived interpretation of these requirements and further considerations for identifying your plant’s compliance strategy
MI implications – the impact MI has on plant’s written procedures, training, inspection & testing, and how equipment deficiencies and quality assurance programs are managed
Continental Disc Corp.
Surviving the CFATS Site Security Plan – Tips for Inspection and Resubmission
As the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) moves forward with the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS), the program continues to evolve. This white paper describes the ongoing CFATS compliance process (which is a combination of technical, procedural, and personnel security) and also provides insight regarding how to develop or revise a comprehensive Site Security Plan (SSP) and prepare for a CFATS Authorization Inspection (AI). Recommendations are relevant to SSPs for all tier levels and should be considered for a facility's initial SSP submission and/or any required SSP resubmission. Download this white paper now: Tips for Inspection and Resubmission.
Tyco Integrated Security
Fired Up: Combustible Dust Raises Explosive Issues
Combustible dust fires happen in plants everyday. This white paper helps manufacturers learn more about combustible dust hazards and ways to handle combustible dust in your manufacturing plant in order to comply with OSHA's NEP. Learn more about choosing the right cleaning tools for your facility.
Nilfisk Industrial Vacuums
Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook: Monitoring Flow
The purpose of installing a flowmeter system is to accurately measure flow in a reliable manner. Issues related to physical properties, process parameters, electronic features and interconnections are often given much consideration. Relatively little emphasis, however, is given as to how well the flowmeter will perform its intended purpose. Adding to the confusion are the differences in how performance is expressed and the incomplete nature of the available information. Nevertheless, the quality of flow measurement should be a concern. This Chemical Processing eHandbook takes a look at technologies and solutions affecting flow including:
* Coriolis meters - steps you can take optimize performance when faced with entrained gas
* Magmeters -- why you should consider using them
* How to achieve effective flow control with centrifugal pumps
Preventing Phenolic Resin Reactor Accidents
An easy to use generalized vent sizing formula is illustrated to be consistent with large scale industry experience and dedicated phenolic runaway reaction tests performed by Fauske & Associates, LLC. The formula also clearly explains the 1999 catastrophic failure of a phenol-formaldehyde reactor resulting from a grossly undersized relief system.