The past two years have been a real wakeup call for the industrial automation industry. For the first time ever it has been the target of sophisticated cyber attacks like Stuxnet, Night Dragon and Duqu.
In addition, an unprecedented number of security vulnerabilities have been exposed in industrial control products and regulatory agencies are demanding compliance to complex and confusing regulations. Cyber security has quickly become a serious issue for professionals in the process and critical infrastructure industries.
If you are a process control engineer, an IT professional in a company with an automation division, or a business manager responsible for safety or security, you may be wondering how your organization can get moving on more robust cyber security practices.
In order to provide you with guidance in this area, Tofino Security and exida Consulting LLC have condensed material from numerous industry standards and best practice documents. They also combined experience in assessing the security of dozens of industrial control systems.
The result is an easy-to-follow 7-step process.02/28/2012
Effective predictive maintenance can reduce the cost of maintaining critical plant systems. Read about the basics in this whitepaper.10/15/2004
This paper discusses the problem of membrane fouling by antifoams, its leading causes and describes the development of a nonfouling antifoam for processes that use ultrafiltration downstream.09/22/2006
Before you order brand-new air-moving equipment to replace your worn, corroded, unbalanced equipment, consider the potential benefits of repairing or rebuilding that equipment.01/01/2007
Precious metals are often present in hydrocarbon, petrochemical, and chemical catalysts. Techniques for recovering precious metals have been around for many years; yet many catalyst owners have misconceptions about how their refining organizations work. In "The Five Myths of Refining Precious Metals", critical information is shared about the chemical processing industry:
- Crucial aspects of weighing
- Sampling and analysis of catalysts
- Methods of catalyst recovery
- What to look for in a proposal from a precious metals refiner
- Understanding the cost of quality
- How to ensure maximum precious metals return value
- Environmental, ethical, and regulatory compliance issues
The ever present emphasis on technological efficiency is just one of several forces behind the pressure on companies to "go green" despite a trying economy. The ultimate criterion that determines whether a motor is truly green is energy efficiency. Technology, long the key to efficiency, can help resolve this issue.03/08/2010
This paper examines the value benefits of a wireless approach and addresses the most obvious concerns of safety, reliability and latency.08/15/2007
This white paper addresses the journey to achieve asset performance and reliability excellence. This begins with establishing sound fundamentals in terms of business practices, organization effectiveness and well deployed informational tools to support them.01/11/2007
The debate over the virtues of DCS vs. PLC has been ongoing since these two architectures came into existence 40 years ago. For certain industries, a distributed control system (DCS) provides substantially more value as the basis for automating the plant than a programmable logic controller (PLC)-based system. As functionality differences narrow and price points align, the debate over these virtues is getting more intense and the arguments for and against each system are getting more and more murky. This white paper discusses the “Top Ten” issues to consider when evaluating a DCS vs. building your own “DIY” distributed control system using a PLC-based architecture.07/15/2014
EPA tracks emissions of six principal air pollutants - carbon monoxide, lead, nitrogen oxides, particulate matter, sulfur dioxide, and volatile organic compounds. All have decreased significantly since passage of the Clean Air Act in 1970 - except for nitrogen oxides.01/31/2006
This expert whitepaper, sponsored by Infor, discusses market “verticalization” and its importance when selecting an Enterprise Asset Management / Computerized Maintenance Management System.08/12/2013
This 43-page guide covers the basic mechanism of pH measurement, the structure of the sensor and its fundamental limitations, and also provides installation, maintenance and troubleshooting guidance.01/04/2005
This four-page white paper explains how heat transfer fluid can be contaminated and the steps that can be taken to remedy the problem.07/26/2005
Pneumatic conveying is an effective form of moving dry materials. However, the long lengths of conveying pipe present a challenge when it comes to addressing cleanliness and sanitation.
While the closed nature of pneumatic conveying systems protects material from outside contamination, like debris, insects, etc., it is difficult to identify and protect against internal forms of contamination, such as buildup, microbial growth, etc. A plant HACCP or sanitation plan that does not address thousands of feet of pipe and dozens of elbows is incomplete and at risk for a recall.03/24/2015
Download the white paper to receive information on maximizing the performance of your gravimetric feeder. You will receive tips on how to choose and set up the right feeder for the specific material being fed in your process. Handling free flowing, adhesive, cohesive, aeratable, hygroscopic and pressure sensitive materials plus ways on where and how to properly install a gravimetric feeder are discussed.03/18/2014
Breakdown of organic wastes entering a wastewater treatment plant is accomplished by using a biomass or blend of beneficial microscopic organisms, bacteria, and solids. This converts the nonsettleable solids (dissolved and colloidal matter) into settleable solids, carbon dioxide, water, and energy. This paper reviews the most common stages for measuring and controlling dissolved oxygen in a wastewater treatment plant.05/13/2014
This three-page white paper discusses the potential hazards that exist when working with specialty gases.12/29/2004
The most commonly used compound in the chemical industry is water – not only as a solvent in processing, but also as an energy carrier in the cooling or heating cycle. As vast amounts of water are needed, chemical industries are often located close to large bodies of flowing water. Water used as processing or cooling water is cleaned and subsequently led back to the river or stream. For environmental protection, these waters are subject to specific control and monitoring measures. As the total organic carbon (TOC) non-specifically detects all organic compounds, this parameter has proven to be invaluable here. This booklet introduces a variety of industry-specific applications, and how Shimadzu can provide TOC analyzers to meet specific chemical application needs.02/25/2014
Calibrating your instruments using specialty gas will only yield results as accurate as your gas mixture. This three-page white paper discusses analytic traceability and how it relates to gas mixture accuracy.12/29/2004
From process engineers to plant managers, it is critical that everyone plays a role in implementing and adhering to energy efficient practices and exploring ways to improve energy efficiency. This special report takes an in-depth look at how organizations can increase profitability by educating and training their staff to understand the importance of energy. Topics covered include:
- Energy Saver- Educate Your Peers
- Train Your Operators on Energy Efficiency
- Train Your Project Manager on Energy Efficiency
- Train Your Plant Manager on Energy Efficiency
- Some training courses are worth the price
- Energy Saver: Do Your Own Stream Survey
- Direct Stream Injection Hot Water Systems for Jacketed Heating
- Innovation in Direct Stream Injection Heaters Since 1945