Process Engineering White Papers

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  • Special Report: Improve Heat Exchanger Efficiency

    Are you feeling challenged by the task of improving your heat exchanger efficiency? Do you have questions about fluids allocation and more efficient tube cleaning?

    This report sponsored by NLB takes a look at how manufacturers are meeting these challenges. Download this special report for insights and strategies including:

    • Pick the Right Side: Allocating fluids in a tubular exchanger demands care.
    • Clean Tube Bundles Efficiently: High-pressure automated water jetting speeds cleaning and reduces downtime.
    • More!

    Download your copy of this Special Report on Heat Exchanger Efficiency now.

  • Special Report: Make the Most of Heat Transfer Fluids

    Even though thermal-fluid heating systems have been widely used for over 80 years, they still provoke a certain  amount of fear and trepidation in users. This anxiety is reinforced by any number of horror stories that usually involve systems that suddenly develop a "problem" after years of  trouble-free operation. This Chemical Processing Special Report: Make the Most of Heat Transfer Fluids delves in to the issues surrounding heat transfer fluids. Learn about:

    • Thermal fluids  -  dispel common myths about hot oil systems
    • Avert oxidation  - how nitrogen can serve as an inert barrier to prevent heat-transfer fluid from contacting atmospheric air through the expansion tank
    • Steam vs. hot oil - a key tradeoff complicates the choice between steam and a hot oil system to heat water

  • Special Report: Making the Most of Migration

    Perhaps the most critical challenge facing the automation industry is that of aging control systems at or near the end of their product lifecycles. A legacy control system can suffer from technical, functional or supply obsolescence. With a well-planned and executed control system migration, however, plants can improve availability and reliability, while increasing production flexibility. In this Chemical Processing Special Report: Making the Most of Migration, we take a look at: Obsolescence planning – addressing concerns and planning for a successful evolution strategy; Restoration Possibilities – how new tools and innovative methods support and breath new life into aging distributed control systems; DCS Migration; More! Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Special Report: Making the Most of Migration now!

  • Special Report: Pay Attention to Water

    Economic growth, industrialization and population growth are driving the increasing  demand for water, while factors such as climate change, pollution and regulation are affecting the supply and costs related to water.” The chemical industry, being highly water intensive, certainly is exposed to water-related risks. Any efforts to manage these risks and capitalize on opportunities begin with the measurement and appreciation of how water may impact business, followed by the development of strategies to protect the business both now and in the future. In this Chemical Processing Special Report we take a look at water challenges and potential solutions for chemical processors including:

    • Water-related risks and opportunities
    • How chemical makers strive to cut water consumption and improve treatment
    • The Importance of visible TOC levels

  • Special Report: Prepare For The Economic Recovery

    Whether we are headed toward an economic rebound or continuing with the current economic downturn, specialty chemicals manufacturers should take steps now in order to get or keep a competitive edge. But what steps should specialty chemicals manufacturers take? This Special Report will discuss actionable strategies including: Reducing costs while maintaining quality and compliance; Committing not just to "lean manufacturing" but to "lean supply chain" strategies; Implementing "agile manufacturing" practices.

  • Special Report: Protect Process Control Systems

    In the decade before Stuxnet attacked process control systems in Iran, there were just five known supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) vulnerabilities for all control systems in the world, according to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security's Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team (ICS-CERT). In 2011, the year after Stuxnet, that vulnerability count jumped to more than 215. Last year, it reached 248. No surprise then that Chemical makers are increasingly focusing on protecting their process control systems from intrusion both from the inside and outside. In this Chemical Processing Special Report: Protect Process Control Systems, we take a look at:

    • How to better protect your control system - "Defense in depth" is crucial, and new and maturing technologies may help
    • Cyber Security Challenges - learn about countermeasures to protect control systems
    • Case Study: A vulnerability assessment reveals critical gaps in the security of a natural gas pipeline
    • How to mitigate security risks in legacy process control systems  - several steps can help protect against threats and extend the life of legacy equipment

    Learn how to secure your process control systems - and your plant. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Special Report: Protect Process Control Systems now.

  • Special Report: Safety is No Accident

    For chemical processors industrial safety is a top concern. Industrial accidents can lead to lost production, injury and in some cases even death. This special report examines how organizations can reduce risk, prevent incidents and ensure safety and compliance in hazardous environments with improved processes. Topics covered include:


    • How to Achieve Effective Process Safety Management (PSM) -- Senior managers play an important role in improving PSM. Their efforts should be visible and their leadership felt to ensure success.
    • Getting To The Root Of Accidents -- Accident investigations usually focus on operator error or technical failures. However, applying systems thinking may provide greater insights on underlying causes and, in the long run, prevent more incidents.
    • Optimizing Safety and Efficiency Through Modern Design-- This ignition protection method helps ensure accuracy, safety and compliance in hazardous environments

    Download Now

    Mettler Toledo
  • Special Report: Take Stock of Your Stacks

    This Chemical Processing Special Report takes a look at how chemicals manufacturers are meeting the various challenges presented by process heaters. We look at solutions to lower costs, lower temperature, save energy, and be more efficient.

    Download this Chemical Processing Special Report for insights and strategies including:

    • Take a Fresh Look at Heaters: A Simple four-step program can lead to significant savings.
    • Don’t Get Heated Up By a Hot Stack: Consider several projects to lower temperatures and recover energy.
    • Cut the Cost of Waste Gas Incineration: An RTO often can offer an effective and fuel efficient option.
    • Providing High Emissivity Coatings Solutions for Process Heaters
    • More!

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Special Report now.

    HarbisonWalker International
  • Special Report: Wash Away Your Tank Cleaning Challenges

    Industrial vessels of various types are used extensively in the processing of chemicals, petrochemicals, and pharmaceuticals. Applications commonly involve storage or process tanks, drums, blenders, reactors, kettles, mixers, fermenters or shipping containers. In addition, reusable totes and intermediate bulk containers (IBCs) provide for convenient and cost-effective storage and transport. The cleaning of this essential equipment, however, has long been a challenge.

    In this Chemical Processing special report learn more about:
    How modern impingement cleaning technologies improve safety and sustainability
    How one chemical company profits from faster cleaning turnarounds and fully clean totes

    Download now.

    Alfa Laval
  • Specifying industrial fieldbus networks for automation

    Automation designers face many challenges and tradeoffs in the development of a successful network solution. This white paper discusses the necessary choices in selecting a network technology appropriate for various specific applications.

    Texas Instruments
  • Spray Gas Quench Design Considerations

    The use of spray nozzles to rapidly cool or quench gas streams is an essential application in many industrial processes, such as chemical reaction vessels, incineration, and power plant absorber gas inlet. An optimized spray quench design requires engineering analysis of the operating environment, spray nozzle performance and process reliability. This technical paper describes the design considerations for spray gas quench systems such as nozzle selection, process control, system configuration and reliability. Application of this knowledge can result in a gas quench system that operates efficiently and reliably with reduced vessel size, reduced atomization energy consumption, and minimized downtime, to achieve capital and operational cost savings for your process.

    Bete Fog
  • Stay Ahead of the Competition With These 7 Secrets to a Well-Run Plant

    Have you ever received a call in the middle of the night because of a plant operational crisis that took longer to correct than you would like? What you may not know is that modeling technology, which solves these kinds of complex process issues, can be accessed by your team through an easy to use Microsoft Excel® interface. Download this white paper today and discover how your company can build a model-based culture to improve plant operations and performance.

    Aspen Technology
  • Staying Competitive in the Changing Chemical Manufacturing Marketplace

    Positioned at the core of most supply chains, chemical firms must deal with many challenges to growing profitably -- flat demand, deflationary prices, and emerging competitors to name a few. Both chemicals firms large and small must develop the insight to change and win in today's ever-morphing competitive landscape. This white paper identifies and discusses how chemicals companies can combine data from many sources -- multiple ERP systems, multiple divisions and multiple applications -- maintenance, human capital, CRM, and supply chain to name just a few -- to create a complete or holistic view for critical decisions. Download now.

    Microsoft Dynamics
  • Steam eHandbook: Best Practices for Steam Systems

    Operating and maintaining a reliable steam system is vital to chemical processing plants and can have significant cost impact on a plant's annual budget. Typical profit drainers in operating and maintaining a steam system include excessive fuel cost, inefficient steam generation, less-than-optimal steam utlization and poor condensate recovery. Ensuring adequate supply of steam often results in excessive capacity usage, expensive fuel choices or condensate draining to grade, leading to compromised efficiency levels and higher steam cost. Because steam systems dependency is unavoidalbe, addressing those three issues is crucial to minimizing steam costs.
    This Chemical Processing Steam eHandbook presents an overview, steam technologies and strategies for reducing cost associated with using and generating steam including:

    • Controlling steam system energy costs
    • Real-time monitoring - how wireless devices help cut energy losses by detecting failed steam traps
    • Additional resources

    Learn how to generate savings through steam use and generation. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Steam eHandbook now.

  • Steam eHandbook: Take the Heat Off Your Steam System

    According to a U.S. Department of Energy survey, steam accounts for one-third of all the energy used in process plants. Monitoring and optimizing the cost of your steam system can yield big rewards. Ignoring inefficient operation easily could drain profits.

    Operating and maintaining a reliable steam system is vital to chemical processing plants and can have significant cost impact on a plant's annual budget. Typical profit drainers in operating and maintaining a steam system include excessive fuel cost, inefficient steam generation, less-than-optimal steam utlilization and poor condensate recovery. This Chemical Processing Steam eHandbook presents strategies for reducing cost associated with using and generating steam, a 4 step approach for improving efficiency and insight on heat exchanger selection criteria. Specifically:

    • Control Steam System Energy Costs - Steam system losses can silently drain profits
    • Optimize Your Steam System - A simple four-step approach can improve steam efficiency
    • Head Off Exchanger Errors - Selecting the most-appropriate heads for a shell-and-tube unit is crucial

    Learn how to generate savings through steam use and generation. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Steam eHandbook now.

  • Succeed at Alarm Management

    Today's control system make it easy to add alarms. The result has been a proliferation of alarms that can overwhelm an operator and actually obscure situations that really require immediate attention. This paper provides practical guidance on effective procedures that can significantly reduce nuisance alarms and improve operator effectiveness.

    D. Shook, PhD, P.Eng., Matrikon, Inc.
  • Succeed at Dynamic Modeling of Batch Reactors and Batch Distillation

    This paper reviews the basic techniques for dynamic modeling of these two key operations. It covers considerations related to heat transfer, reaction chemistry, mass balances and the control system. It also discusses equipment configurations, performance characteristics and operational constraints.

  • Successful Process Communications’ Best Kept Secret

    Sure, the process engineer is proud of his HMI (human machine interface) and the operations manager is pleased with his KPI (key performance indicators) dashboard and how effectively the system is running with the implementation of his new MES/MIS solution. The historian and analytic solution get all the credit when a field equipment crisis is averted. Does anyone ever think to thank the lowly driver? Without data, the HMI is just a pretty picture, and the best analytics in the world are only ideas without any basis in fact. Plus, tens or hundreds of thousand dollars are spent on that, while the driver budget isn't even a line item on the spec sheet. The communication arteries and veins reach out to all areas of the field equipment, sending and receiving data, efficiently and tirelessly ensuring the ability to acquire, analyze and adapt to the situations at hand.

    Roy Kok, Kepware Technologies
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