Safety Instrumented Systems (SIS) are designed to monitor the process and control outputs to prevent or mitigate hazardous events. The design process strives for inherent safety, which is enhanced by applying multiple independent safety layers. Learn how to prevent accidents with prevention layers and minimise the consequences with mitigation layers.05/26/2006
This 37-page paper reviews the basic techniques for process modelling and control of batch reaction systems under steady state and dynamic conditions.07/25/2005
This 25-page paper discusses the basic design, construction and performance of shell and tube heat exchangers.10/25/2005
Heat transfer and other process fluids -- from mineral oils to synthetic and organic-based formulas -- are the lifeblood of many critical operations within chemical and the process industries. Their condition reveals critical details about the health of the entire process itself, and that of the components of the system and their interoperation. Register for access to two special E-Books, which come in an interactive PDF format with links to additional web resources.04/23/2012
Contaminants in plant samples are the most frequent cause of problems with on-line analyzers. Trace contaminants can rapidly build up and cause instrument failure. It’s critical that a filter specifically designed for sampling applications be used rather than a general purpose filter. Read guidelines to ensure proper filtration and sample delivery to on-line analyzers in this white paper.09/23/2013
Sponsored By: Parker
Chemical plants vary widely in size and complexity yet share common goals for maximizing efficiency safely and cost effectively. This Chemical Processing Special Report tackles two areas in chemical processing - compressed air systems and powder handling - where gains can be achieved for improving efficiency. We also address the concerns of safety as it relates to drying compressed air in hazardous atmospheres.
- Whether compressed air systems are centrifugal, rotary screw, reciprocating compressors or a combination, this Special Report provides and understanding of what’s involved in getting a suitable supply of compressed air.
- Efficient powder handling can be achieved through optimized humidity management.
- Safe drying practices in hazardous air locations
Hazardous locations have or could potentially have high concentrations of flammable gases, vapors, combustible dusts, etc. A small spark can lead to a horrific explosion dangerous to equipment and workers in the area. Equipment located in hazardous areas must be specifically designed to prevent ignition and explosion.
Read this White Paper to learn:
- Types of hazardous areas
- Conditions classified as hazardous
- Hazardous substances
- Specifications for equipment located in hazardous areas
- Explosion proof dryers designed for compressed air systems
Increasingly precise process control strategies, often linked to computer control, have accelerated the use of sophisticated on-line chemical composition analyzers in plant applications. Instruments such as gas and liquid chromatographs, ion chromatographs, laser optic instruments, atomic absorption instruments and specific ion analyzers, which were rarities in laboratories ten years ago, are now found routinely in plant settings.
While continuing miniaturization and “rugged-ization” of the electronics are making the instrumentation circuitry more tolerant of the plant environment, the level of contamination in plant samples compared to laboratory samples continues to plague the process. This white paper reviews the factors in plant operation that may affect the deliverability of acceptable samples and provides guidelines for addressing these factors.11/04/2014
Avoid Instrument Failure: Ensure Proper Filtration and Delivery of Samples to On Line Process Analyzers
Precise process control strategies have accelerated the use of on-line chemical composition analyzers in plant applications. Contaminants in plant samples are the most frequent cause of problems with on-line analyzers. Trace contaminants can rapidly build up and cause instrument failure.01/20/2012
Hazardous locations have or could potentially have high concentrations of flammable gases, vapors, combustible dusts, etc. A small spark can lead to a horrific explosion dangerous to equipment and workers in the area. Equipment located in hazardous areas must be specifically designed to prevent ignition and explosion.02/24/2012
This paper examines the value benefits of a wireless approach and addresses the most obvious concerns of safety, reliability and latency.08/15/2007
In this white paper, Mark Hallworth, pharmaceutical manager for Particle Measuring Systems, discusses continuous monitoring methods, how theyre evolving, and why theyre important.02/06/2006
The ever present emphasis on technological efficiency is just one of several forces behind the pressure on companies to "go green" despite a trying economy. The ultimate criterion that determines whether a motor is truly green is energy efficiency. Technology, long the key to efficiency, can help resolve this issue.03/08/2010
From process engineers to plant managers, it is critical that everyone plays a role in implementing and adhering to energy efficient practices and exploring ways to improve energy efficiency. This special report takes an in-depth look at how organizations can increase profitability by educating and training their staff to understand the importance of energy. Topics covered include:
- Energy Saver- Educate Your Peers
- Train Your Operators on Energy Efficiency
- Train Your Project Manager on Energy Efficiency
- Train Your Plant Manager on Energy Efficiency
- Some training courses are worth the price
- Energy Saver: Do Your Own Stream Survey
- Direct Stream Injection Hot Water Systems for Jacketed Heating
- Innovation in Direct Stream Injection Heaters Since 1945
This white paper takes an in-depth look at the advantages and disadvantages of steam and hot water for jacketed heating, and compares indirect and direct steam injection systems for making hot water.02/14/2012
Direct steam injection provides a solution where large volumes of hot water at precise temperatures are required, and saving space and energy are factors in the system design.05/03/2012
Reactor temperature control typically is very important to product quality, production rate and operating costs whether a processor is employing continuous or batch reactors. And with many process plants currently using steam or hot water to heat jacketed devices such as tanks, kettles, dryers, reactors, glass lined vessels, or similar adaptations such as coiled tubing placed inside or outside tanks or vessels – much emphasis is placed on achieving optimized control of these processes. In this Chemical Processing Special Report: Jacketed Heating we take a look at:
- Improving Batch Reactor temperature control - Understand the likely causes and fixes for common problems in reaching set points
- Rethinking Reactor temperature control - Cascade strategy offers simplicity and fast response
- Keeping cool when designing Batch Reactors - in designing such a unit, focus on effective temperature control to achieve optimum performance
- Consider Hot Water for Jacketed Heating - Hot water offers significant advantages over traditional steam-heated systems.
Mixing of powders into liquids should be relatively easy. You pour powder onto the liquid's surface and then mix it in. However, this mixing can be very troublesome in production. This paper examines the various factors involved with mixing powders into liquids and how to avoid potential problems.10/22/2012
The power industry is susceptible to a variety of cyber threats, which can wreak havoc on control systems. Management, engineering and IT must commit to a comprehensive approach that encompasses threat prevention, detection and elimination.03/27/2006
This white paper by Project Success Incorporated focuses on the resource that is of greatest concern to most organizations personnel. In a project management system, personnel resources may be identified as individuals by name or as functional groups, such as computer programmers.02/25/2008