Process Safety Management
This guide from the U. S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration covers pre-startup safety review, mechanical integrity, how-work permits, management of change, incident investigation, emergency planning and response and compliance audits, among other topics.
Succeed at Alarm Management
Today's control system make it easy to add alarms. The result has been a proliferation of alarms that can overwhelm an operator and actually obscure situations that really require immediate attention. This paper provides practical guidance on effective procedures that can significantly reduce nuisance alarms and improve operator effectiveness.
D. Shook, PhD, P.Eng., Matrikon, Inc.
Properly Model and Design Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers
Shell-and-tube heat exchangers are widely used throughout the chemical industry. This paper provides a review of the key issues involved in their thermal design. It covers both process and mechanical issues, and discusses appropriate methods for determining various parameters.
Permit-Required Confined Spaces
This new U. S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration paper describes OHSA's confined-space satndard, and discusses how to meet it by controlling hazards, administering entry permits and assigning duties, as well as how to deal with emergencies and OSHA assistance available.
Properly Clean Organic Heat Transfer Fluid Systems
Maintaining peak performance of organic heat transfer fluids can require removal of dirt and pipe scale, oxidation, thermal degradation, and process contamination. This paper describes the appropriate cleaning techniques for dealing with solids; sludge, high-viscosity fluid and residues; process contamination; and hard coke.
Succeed at Dynamic Modeling of Batch Reactors and Batch Distillation
This paper reviews the basic techniques for dynamic modeling of these two key operations. It covers considerations related to heat transfer, reaction chemistry, mass balances and the control system. It also discusses equipment configurations, performance characteristics and operational constraints.
Selecting Transmitters for Safety Instrumented Systems
This paper presents best practices that allow the user to quantify the impact of real-world failure causes and to take credit for improvements in system design. Besides selection, it also covers installation and maintenance.