Process Engineering White Papers

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  • Recovering Precious Metals from Spent Chemical Processing Catalysts

    Most chemical processors use precious-metal-bearing catalysts for facilitating and/or speeding chemical reactions. These catalysts are typically composed of platinum group metals (PGMs). After a number of process cycles the catalysts lose their efficacy and must be replaced with fresh catalysts. Spent catalysts are sent to a precious-metals refiner for recovery and refining of the valuable PGMs remaining in this material. Selecting—and working with—a precious-metals refiner is critical to ensure highest possible returns and peace of mind with regard to environmental concerns. Download and read this 22-page white paper to learn more about recovering precious metals from spent catalysts.

    Sabin Metal Corp.
    01/28/2013
  • Rectifier design for fuel ethanol plants reduces energy

    Plants have traditionally used trays in the distillation columns to produce fuels grade ethanol. Trays of various configurations have been adequate in this service and their technology is well founded. The ever-present desire to reduce the energy needed to produce a gallon of ethanol has opened the doors to structured packings being used in the rectification sections of ethanol distillation columns.

    Sulzer Chemtech USA
    04/10/2007
  • Reducing Water Consumption in Compressed Air Systems

    Compressed air systems are sometimes called the "4th Utility" due to their presence in almost all industrial processes and facilities. As US water consumption continues to increase, compressed air systems provide an opportunity for energy managers to reduce associated cooling water consumption and costs. In this white paper, we focus on the opportunity to reduce the water consumption of compressed air systems. Understanding the costs and the alternative types of cooling systems is an important first step. This white paper provides background on US water consumption in both the public and industrial sectors; it provides detail on industrial water consumption -- including industrial cooling water -- and its associated costs; it also details six different types of cooling systems available.

    Hitachi
    02/14/2012
  • Relief Design for Reactive Systems – Get the Facts

    This 15-page paper focuses on the additional degrees of complexity that reactive systems pose for emergency relief systems. It covers topics such as how to screen for reactivity and what practices, standards and regulations should be followed, as well as a host of other issues.

    12/02/2004
  • Removing Liquid From Gas

    Liquid entrainment in a gas stream can be a disturbance in many industrial processes. In natural-gas processing, higher-order hydrocarbons, water or impurities have to be separated from the main methane stream. Upstream of gas compressors, droplets that can damage the impellers, have to be removed. With the recently acquired Knitmesh technology and the strategic alliance with Shell Global Solutions, Sulzer Chemtech can supply a broad portfolio of advanced, tailor-made systems for gas/liquid separation to customers in all industries.

    Sulzer Chemtech USA
    09/17/2007
  • RFID in Manufacturing

    In the wake of a Wal-Mart mandate requiring top suppliers to put Radio Frequency Indentification (RFID) tags on cases and pallets of consumer goods by January 2005, Rockwell Automation offers this white paper to help educate manufacturers on how to maximize their investment in RFID technology throughout their enterprise and supply chains. The paper provides a practical guide to extracting measurable value from RFID implementations in plant and warehousing operations.

    10/21/2004
  • Risk-Based Process Safety Design

    Safe design has long been a priority in the process industries. A safe design basis, together with a formal safety management system and safety practices, procedures, and training, is critical for providing that level of confidence required for risk management. The goal of process safety management is to consistently reduce risk to a level that can be tolerated by all concerned. A systematic, risk-based approach to safety design can help eliminate hazards that pose intolerable risk from the process and mitigate the potential consequences of hazards.

    10/22/2004
  • Rotary Tank Cleaning and Cost Savings

    Specific case studies on the benefits of rotary impingement and CIP optimization vs. the standard tank cleaning processes. Benefits include: increased revenue and production with drastic reductions of operating costs pertaining to tank cleaning.

    Gamajet Cleaning Systems, Inc.
    06/17/2011
  • Save Money, Time, and Water With Rotary Impingement Tank Cleaning

    Tank cleaning has always been viewed as a necessary evil for manufacturers. During the cleaning process, a significant amount of resources (time, chemicals, water, electric and labor) is required between batches to ensure a reliable, uncontaminated, quality batch is produced. Although these repeating expenditures have a significant effect on the bottom line, many chemical manufacturers continue to rely on outdated processing for cleaning, not realizing the potential opportunity for substantial cost reductions and revenue recovery through CIP optimization.This whitepaper includes specific case studies on the benefits of rotary impingement and CIP optimization vs. the standard tank cleaning processes. These benefits include drastic savings in time and water usage as well as employee safety.

    Gamajet
    11/19/2013
  • Securing Batch Control Systems

    Batch process control security is becoming a critical concern for the process control domain, IT technology infrastructure and the business enterprise. This paper explores several key security concerns in batch control system architectures and methods for addressing these issues.

    Honeywell
    05/11/2006
  • Securing Process Control Network External Communications

    In the real world, sharing PCN data with external systems and accessing PCN systems from external sources is fast becoming a business necessity. This paper provides some generic guidelines for enabling secure connectivity between PCNs and external systems.

    Honeywell
    09/16/2005
  • Security Vulnerability Analysis

    Plant security is a key priority at many plants. This 10-page paper provides background what the methodology for a plant vulnerability analysis involves. It covers topics such as how to get started, available tools, and risk assessment.

    12/02/2004
  • Security vulnerability assessment revealed

    Plant security is a key priority at many plants. This 10-page paper provides background what the methodology for a plant vulnerability analysis involves. It covers topics such as how to get started, available tools, and risk assessment.

    ioMosiac
    04/21/2005
  • Selecting Transmitters for Safety Instrumented Systems

    This paper presents best practices that allow the user to quantify the impact of real-world failure causes and to take credit for improvements in system design. Besides selection, it also covers installation and maintenance.

    DuPont Fluoroproducts and Rosemount Inc
    08/27/2004
  • Semi-Automated Systems Take Water Jetting to a New Level

    High-pressure water jetting is powerful and versatile, helping contractors and industrial companies do hundreds of challenging jobs.

    While many jobs are still done manually, new semi-automated systems can maximize three elements crucial to any company’s success: productivity, safety and environmental responsibility.

    Download the white paper now.

    NLB Corp.
    05/12/2015
  • Sight Flow Indicators Handbook

    L.J. Star’s new 13-page engineering handbook covers the selection and application of sight flow indicators in chemical and pharmaceutical applications. There are many types of sight flow indicators, and the choice of which type is best for a particular application and process system is discussed in detail. A handy reference for experienced engineers and a useful guide for those new to sight flow indicators, it offers a full overview of sight flow indicators, covering design, materials, types of indication, types of glass, accessories, plus installation and maintenance tips.

    05/14/2013
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