Process Engineering White Papers

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  • PACs for industrial control: The future of control

    With a number of vendors producing Programmable Automation Controllers that combine the functionality of a PC and reliability of a PLC, PACs today are increasingly being incorporated into control systems. This white paper explores the origins of the PAC, how PACs differ from PLCs and PCs, and the future direction of industrial control with PACs.

    National Instruments
    09/14/2005
  • Hazard Communication Guidelines for Compliance

    OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) is based on a simple concept—that employees have both a need and a right to know the hazards and identities of the chemicals they are exposed to when working.

    OSHA
    08/30/2005
  • Electro-hydraulic system design: Making the right system choices

    Designers who understand and can take advantage of the differences between fluid power and traditional electromechanical power can build machines that produce higher quality output with lower lifecycle costs. This white paper suggests that care must be taken, however, in selecting and sizing the hydraulic system elements and in tuning the motion controller for optimal performance.

    Delta Computer Systems
    08/16/2005
  • Design Tips for Selecting Sensing Probes

    This application note from Delta Controls outlines selection and installation criteria for using admittance probes to monitor the level of powders, liquids and other materials. Dielectric constants of more than 200 materials are included.

    Delta Controls
    07/05/2005
  • Taking Toxics Out of the Air

    This 34-page PDF white paper discusses the technology and performance-based standards implemented by the EPA during the last 10 years and how they will assist in removing harmful toxins from the air.

    Enivironmental Protection Agency
    06/28/2005
  • Hygienic Feeder Design

    Specifying a hygienic bulk solids feeder is not a simple task. The wide variety of requirements needed for specific applications are similar in scope to explosion proof environmental requirement variations.

    Schenck
    06/06/2005
  • Systems Reliability in Material Handling

    This 23-page white paper is from the Material Handling Institute's Classic Series and discusses the reliability of automated material handling systems.

    Material Handling Institute
    05/31/2005
  • Understanding and preventing fine powder flushing

    This nine-page whitepaper discusses the sources of powder flooding, the dangers it can pose to your equipment and the steps you can take to prevent it from happening.

    Diamondback Technology
    03/01/2005
  • Eliminating arching hangups in hoppers

    This short two-page PDF whitepaper first discusses how an arch develops within a hopper and then disusses strategies for effectively removing them.

    Diamondback Technology
    01/31/2005
  • How to control a process with long dead time

    A process with a large dead time presents a special challenge for a controller --  any controller. This short paper explains how to get the best control of large dead time processes.

    ExperTune
    01/11/2005
  • Level measurement of bulk solids and powders

    This 26-page white paper from Monitor Technologies discusses the difficulties in measuring bulk solids and powders in bins, silos and hoppers.  Download this document to learn which technologies are out there that can make this job easier.

    Monitor Technologies
    01/03/2005
  • How to Choose a Vacuum Dryer

    Vacuum drying can be applied in a range of processes in several industries, including chemical, pharmaceutical, food, plastics, and metal powders. This article first discusses vacuum drying benefits and limitations and dryer components and operation, then explains the differences between tumble and agitated vacuum dryers and how you can select one for your application.

    11/19/2004
  • Understand Pump Lifecycle Costs

    This 22-page paper from the Dept. of Energy, Hydraulic Institute and Europump explains the importance of understanding the total costs of ownership to achieve savings in energy, and operational and maintenance costs. It discusses what lifecycle cost is, what should be considered in a lifecycle cost analysis, and the role of proper pump system design.

    11/08/2004
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