Process Engineering White Papers

201-220 of 219 < first | | next | last >
  • Facility Major Risk Survey

    This 8-page primer describes a method for identification of major acute risks in existing process facilities that can potentially affect on-site and off-site populations and for prioritization of mitigation methods.

    ioMosaic
    12/02/2004
  • Relief Design for Reactive Systems – Get the Facts

    This 15-page paper focuses on the additional degrees of complexity that reactive systems pose for emergency relief systems. It covers topics such as how to screen for reactivity and what practices, standards and regulations should be followed, as well as a host of other issues.

    12/02/2004
  • Why Process Safety Management Audits Fail

    Most companies have completed at least three process safety management(PSM) compliance audits of their covered facilities since the promulgation of the OSHA PSM standard. These companies, however, are not seeing noticeable improvements in their PSM programs. In fact, many companies feel that their PSM programs have become less effective. What has happened and why? Are there any lessons learned from the Enron collapse and its auditing program? What needs to be done?

    ioMosaic
    10/22/2004
  • Risk-Based Process Safety Design

    Safe design has long been a priority in the process industries. A safe design basis, together with a formal safety management system and safety practices, procedures, and training, is critical for providing that level of confidence required for risk management. The goal of process safety management is to consistently reduce risk to a level that can be tolerated by all concerned. A systematic, risk-based approach to safety design can help eliminate hazards that pose intolerable risk from the process and mitigate the potential consequences of hazards.

    10/22/2004
  • Understanding Regulated Health and Safety Standards--Part 1

    This paper provides the viewpoint of the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), a private not-for-profit, non-governmental corporation open to all industrial hygienists or other occupational health and safety professionals. The authors have the opinion that there are misunderstandings about the use of regulated health and safety standards. In part one of this article, they provide some information on how regulations are formed and advice on using these values to conduct business. Employers and employees need this fundamental understanding to make informed health and safety decisions. This information is also useful for guiding public decisions about everyday toxic exposures.

    10/22/2004
  • Accurate Steam Mass Measurement

    Vortex meters are ideal for measuring saturated steam flow, and now can be used to measure mass flow with integrated temperature sensor and controller software. These meters can also be integrated into a Foundation Fieldbus industrial network system.

    10/15/2004
  • Design Guidelines for Distillation Columns in Fouling Service

    This 33-page paper discusses the wide variety of factors that can cause fouling and the impact of this fouling on the performance of a distillation column. It then provides details on practical methods for mitigating fouling, including equipment design, surface treatment, and use of additives.

    10/15/2004
  • Design Guidelines for Distillation Columns in Fouling Service

    This 33-page paper discusses the wide variety of factors that can cause fouling and the impact of this fouling on the performance of a distillation column. It then provides details on practical methods for mitigating fouling, including equipment design, surface treatment, and use of additives.

    10/15/2004
  • Understand Heat-Transfer-Fluid Maximum Temperature Rating

    Manufacturers of heat transfer fluids assign a maximum temperature rating to each fluid. This rating must be considered to ensure the safe and efficient operation of the fluid. This paper explains the basis of the rating, how fluids degrade, and how the temperature profile in a heat transfer system affects fluid performance and life.

    Therminol
    10/11/2004
  • Process Safety Management

    This guide from the U. S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration covers pre-startup safety review, mechanical integrity, how-work permits, management of change, incident investigation, emergency planning and response and compliance audits, among other topics.

    10/11/2004
  • Succeed at Alarm Management

    Today's control system make it easy to add alarms. The result has been a proliferation of alarms that can overwhelm an operator and actually obscure situations that really require immediate attention. This paper provides practical guidance on effective procedures that can significantly reduce nuisance alarms and improve operator effectiveness.

    D. Shook, PhD, P.Eng., Matrikon, Inc.
    10/11/2004
  • Beyond the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act

    The EPA provides a vision of where waste and materials management is headed in 2020, covering issues like sustainable use of resources and the life-cycle approach to managing chemical risk.

    10/11/2004
  • Permit-Required Confined Spaces

    This new U. S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration paper describes OHSA's confined-space satndard, and discusses how to meet it by controlling hazards, administering entry permits and assigning duties, as well as how to deal with emergencies and OSHA assistance available.

    10/11/2004
  • Properly Clean Organic Heat Transfer Fluid Systems

    Maintaining peak performance of organic heat transfer fluids can require removal of dirt and pipe scale, oxidation, thermal degradation, and process contamination. This paper describes the appropriate cleaning techniques for dealing with solids; sludge, high-viscosity fluid and residues; process contamination; and hard coke.

    09/10/2004
  • Succeed at Dynamic Modeling of Batch Reactors and Batch Distillation

    This paper reviews the basic techniques for dynamic modeling of these two key operations. It covers considerations related to heat transfer, reaction chemistry, mass balances and the control system. It also discusses equipment configurations, performance characteristics and operational constraints.

    09/08/2004
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