Process Engineering White Papers

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  • Special Report: Heat Transfer Fluids: Do's, Don'ts, and Best Practices

    Heat transfer fluids -- from mineral oils to synthetic and organic-based formulas -- are the lifeblood of many critical operations within the process industries. This special, interactive PDF looks at how plant personnel can better understand various fluids and fluid properties, and track the performance of their entire heat transfer system.

  • Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sight Glass Application Handbook

    20-page Sight Glass Application Handbook is a convenient reference for experienced engineers and a great primer for those new to sight glass selection. It offers a full overview of sight glasses for chemical processes, including types of glass, construction, lighting, installation and maintenance.

  • Peristaltic Pumps: A Simple Solution for Abrasive and Corrosive Chemicals

    Finding the right pump for metering abrasive and aggressive chemicals can be challenging. The pump of choice needs to withstand harsh chemicals, accurately meter, and be simple to maintain and operate. More and more process engineers are turning to peristaltic pumps to solve their pumping problems, reducing life cycle costs and driving gains in process efficiency.

    Watson-Marlow Pumps Group
  • Design Considerations for High Liquid Rate Tray Applications

    Except for a few odd services, high liquid rate applications are typically the domain of either trays or random packings. Aside from the distributors, random packing designs are rather straightforward with the designer choosing the proper size to accommodate the fluid flow rates and achieve the desired efficiency. Trays, on the other hand, have a large variety of adjustable parameters and can be especially complex, especially when designed for high liquid rate applications.

    Sulzer Chemtech USA, Inc.
  • Pitfalls of pump piping

    This white paper goes over the three major problems associated with poor pump piping and provides five rules to follow in order to avoid future pitfalls.

    Ross Mackay Associates Ltd.
  • Oxygen in cell culture/venting ozonated vessels

    This white paper outlines trends and opportunities for gasket standardization in processing plants ... including the potential for more reliable sealing, cost savings, inventory reduction, easier installation and safety practices. Steps are outlined for achieving success in gasket standardization across steel, glass-lined and FRP piping.

    W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc.
  • V-Cone flow meter test results | Chemical Processing

    The American Petroleum Institute Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards published the results of flow meter tests at the Southwest Research Institute and Utah State University.

    Southwest Research Institute
  • Continuous imaging fluid particle analysis: A Primer

    This paper looks at the issues associated with fluid particle analysis, discusses some of the historical methods used, and introduces a new technology: the continuous imaging fluid particle analyzer.

    Fluid Imaging Technologies
  • Accurate liquid phase density on aerated liquids

    This white paper discusses SONAR-based, clamp-on gas volume fraction meters which recently have been introduced to the industry that provide an accurate, real time, measurement of entrained gases. Coupling entrained gas volume fraction monitor with most types of process density meters, enables accurate determination of liquid and the liquid-solid components of aerated mixtures.

  • Electro-hydraulic system design: Making the right system choices

    Designers who understand and can take advantage of the differences between fluid power and traditional electromechanical power can build machines that produce higher quality output with lower lifecycle costs. This white paper suggests that care must be taken, however, in selecting and sizing the hydraulic system elements and in tuning the motion controller for optimal performance.

    Delta Computer Systems
  • Technology expands flowmeter capabilities, reduces costs

    Capacitance-type magnetic flowmeters have traditionally offered the advantage of having non-wetted electrodes and the ability to measure low conductivity fluids. However, they suffered from a sensitivity to flow noise and zero instability. Innovative technology overcomes these limitations and drives magnetic flowmeters into new areas of application, while reducing installed costs.

  • Bearing isolators 101

    A bearing isolator is a non-contact, non-wearing, permanent bearing protection device. It has a rotor and a stator, and the two are unitized, so that they don’t separate from one another while in use. Typically, the rotor turns with a rotating shaft, while the stator is pressed into a bearing housing. The two components interact to keep contamination out of the bearing enclosure and the lubricant in.

  • Fisher control valve handbook

    This 295-page PDF whitepaper is a control valve resource that has been consistently updated for 30 years. It contains vital information on control valve performance and latest technologies.

  • Level measurement of bulk solids and powders

    This 26-page white paper from Monitor Technologies discusses the difficulties in measuring bulk solids and powders in bins, silos and hoppers.  Download this document to learn which technologies are out there that can make this job easier.

    Monitor Technologies
  • Understand Pump Lifecycle Costs

    This 22-page paper from the Dept. of Energy, Hydraulic Institute and Europump explains the importance of understanding the total costs of ownership to achieve savings in energy, and operational and maintenance costs. It discusses what lifecycle cost is, what should be considered in a lifecycle cost analysis, and the role of proper pump system design.

  • Design the Heat-Transfer-System Expansion Tank Right

    The design of the expansion tank plays an important role in the successful operation of a heat transfer system using organic fluids. It can contribute to longer fluid life and lower maintenance. This paper describes the proper sizing, piping and valving, instrumenting, and inerting of the tank.

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