Design Tips for Selecting Sensing Probes
This application note from Delta Controls outlines selection and installation criteria for using admittance probes to monitor the level of powders, liquids and other materials. Dielectric constants of more than 200 materials are included.
How to control a process with long dead time
A process with a large dead time presents a special challenge for a controller -- any controller. This short paper explains how to get the best control of large dead time processes.
Properly Model and Control Batch Reactors
This paper covers key aspects for modeling and design of batch reactors, including: heat-up and cool-down performance, sensitivity analysis for reactor parameters, boil-up rate predictions, thermal stability under exothermic conditions, control system design and loop tuning parameters, condenser rating, and process emissions predictions.
Properly Model and Design Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers
Shell-and-tube heat exchangers are widely used throughout the chemical industry. This paper provides a review of the key issues involved in their thermal design. It covers both process and mechanical issues, and discusses appropriate methods for determining various parameters.
Succeed at Dynamic Modeling of Batch Reactors and Batch Distillation
This paper reviews the basic techniques for dynamic modeling of these two key operations. It covers considerations related to heat transfer, reaction chemistry, mass balances and the control system. It also discusses equipment configurations, performance characteristics and operational constraints.