Design Considerations for High Liquid Rate Tray Applications
Except for a few odd services, high liquid rate applications are typically the domain of either trays or random packings. Aside from the distributors, random packing designs are rather straightforward with the designer choosing the proper size to accommodate the fluid flow rates and achieve the desired efficiency. Trays, on the other hand, have a large variety of adjustable parameters and can be especially complex, especially when designed for high liquid rate applications.
Sulzer Chemtech USA, Inc.
Environmental Health and Safety Compliance in Biotech Companies: Common Deficiencies Encountered During Audits
Environmental health and safety (EH&S) compliance programs for companies that house laboratories are complex and not easily maintained. Even the most basic plan involves keeping a variety of permits up-to-date, performing regular employee training, conducting inspections, complying with a myriad of chemical storage and handling requirements, and keeping a number of contingency plans current and complete. This white paper identifies the most common pitfalls and four simple steps to keeping your EH&S program current.
Passive techniques for reducing input current harmonics
Harmonics can have a detrimental effect on power generators and other sensitive electrical equipment for the user and utility alike. The number of adjustable speed drives (ASDs) has increased significantly in the past decade. Their contribution to the total electrical load of a power system is significant and cannot be neglected. This white paper discusses various passive techniques for reducing input current harmonics.
Yaskawa Electric America, Inc.
Rectifier design for fuel ethanol plants reduces energy
Plants have traditionally used trays in the distillation columns to produce fuels grade ethanol. Trays of various configurations have been adequate in this service and their technology is well founded. The ever-present desire to reduce the energy needed to produce a gallon of ethanol has opened the doors to structured packings being used in the rectification sections of ethanol distillation columns.
Sulzer Chemtech USA
The fan repair and rebuild experts
Before you order brand-new air-moving equipment to replace your worn, corroded, unbalanced equipment, consider the potential benefits of repairing or rebuilding that equipment.
Biodiesel Fuel From Palm Oil Too Good to be Used as Fuel?
The high prices for oil and gas have spotlighted other sources of fuel for internal combustion engines. Biofuel, a fuel derived from ethanol, and biodiesel fuel, a dieselequivalent derived from biological sources, are two possible substitutes for petrochemical fuel.
Sulzer Chemtech USA, Inc.
Managing Complex Equipment Status in a GMP Environment
Batch manufacturing systems must maintain the status of equipment, including which are available, dirty, out of service, etc. In industries that enforce Good Manufacturing Practices (GMPs), additional status types and values for process equipment must be maintained. Rules associated with the equipment status can be complex and involve the equipment class, current equipment state and time in the current
state. This paper covers the operator interface used to review the equipment status and the interlocking requirements between the recipe and batch phases based on multiple status types.
Securing Batch Control Systems
Batch process control security is becoming a critical concern for the process control domain, IT technology infrastructure and the business enterprise. This paper explores several key security concerns in batch control system architectures and methods for addressing these issues.
White Paper: Internet Access in a Process Control Environment
Industrial automation is no longer limited by the walls of a production facility. More and more automation is being handled via remote communication, whether its from the office or from the comfort of your own home. Todays PLCs give you the ability to access your control system to
handle such tasks as monitoring via a website to determine the condition of a machine or check other statistics.
Wago Innovative Connections
Clean-in-place operation for thin-cake filtration technologies
This article discusses the choice of thin-cake (2 25 mm) separation technologies and their benefits to optimizing the effectiveness of the production process. The paper continues with a
discussion of clean-in-place operations to meet current Good Manufacturing Practices (cGMP) guidelines including riboflavin test and validations.
De-bottlenecking A De-iso-butanizer With VG-Plus High Performance Trays
To maximize a plants performance, it is critical to fully understand the equipment being used, their mechanisms of operation, limitations and capabilities. This includes furnaces, exchangers, pumps, and mass transfer devices for distillation columns: fractionation trays, random and structured packing and associated liquid and vapor distributors. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the key factors to successfully revamp with the goal of maximizing capacity without compromising efficiency.
Fieldbus and remote I/O system comparison
Nine manufacturers participated in the FuRIOS study, which was conduced under the lead of an end user company that compared its use of fieldbus and remote I/O in full detail.
Aventis, Infraserv GmbH
The Regional Transport of Ozone
EPA tracks emissions of six principal air pollutants - carbon monoxide, lead, nitrogen oxides, particulate matter, sulfur dioxide, and volatile organic compounds. All have decreased significantly since passage of the Clean Air Act in 1970 - except for nitrogen oxides.
Process Control Network Security - Reference Architecture
This document describes best practices for the reference architecture for a process control system network and its interfaces to a corporate network. The papers objective is to give the reader an understanding of the techniques utilized to securely connect these networks.
Design Tips for Sensing Probes
This application note from Delta Controls outlines selection and installation criteria for using admittance probes to monitor the level of powders, liquids and other materials. Dielectric constants of more than 200 materials are included.
Specifying industrial fieldbus networks for automation
Automation designers face many challenges and tradeoffs in the development of a successful network solution. This white paper discusses the necessary choices in selecting a network technology appropriate for various specific applications.