Process Engineering White Papers

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  • Guidance note for environmental safety instrumented systems

    Safety Instrumented Systems (SIS) are designed to monitor the process and control outputs to prevent or mitigate hazardous events. The design process strives for inherent safety, which is enhanced by applying multiple independent safety layers. Learn how to prevent accidents with prevention layers and minimise the consequences with mitigation layers.

    P & I Design
    05/26/2006
  • De-bottlenecking A De-iso-butanizer With VG-Plus High Performance Trays

    To maximize a plant’s performance, it is critical to fully understand the equipment being used, their mechanisms of operation, limitations and capabilities. This includes furnaces, exchangers, pumps, and mass transfer devices for distillation columns: fractionation trays, random and structured packing and associated liquid and vapor distributors. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the key factors to successfully revamp with the goal of maximizing capacity without compromising efficiency.

    03/31/2006
  • Chemical Hazard Communication

    Under the provisions of the Hazard Communication Standard, employers are responsible for informing employees of the hazards and the identities of workplace chemicals to which they are exposed.

    OSHA
    03/28/2006
  • The Regional Transport of Ozone

    EPA tracks emissions of six principal air pollutants - carbon monoxide, lead, nitrogen oxides, particulate matter, sulfur dioxide, and volatile organic compounds. All have decreased significantly since passage of the Clean Air Act in 1970 - except for nitrogen oxides.

    EPA
    01/31/2006
  • Clean Compressed Air

    Good air preparation should consider the energy consumption of the system and air treatment equipment.

    Norgren
    11/27/2005
  • Energy Efficiency - The Other Alternative Fuel

    Proven methods for industry to reduce energy consumption and environmental impact are already at hand. These cost-effective solutions promise substantial return-on-investment now and in the future, without sacrificing performance or quality. For most companies and organizations, the answers to maintaining a competitive edge in this era of rising energy costs are readily available. By applying a suite of cost-effective power and automation solutions from technology leaders like ABB, these facilities can achieve substantial energy savings today without waiting for the "alternative fuels" of the future.

    ABB
    09/27/2005
  • Hazard Communication Guidelines for Compliance

    OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) is based on a simple concept—that employees have both a need and a right to know the hazards and identities of the chemicals they are exposed to when working.

    OSHA
    08/30/2005
  • Taking Toxics Out of the Air

    This 34-page PDF white paper discusses the technology and performance-based standards implemented by the EPA during the last 10 years and how they will assist in removing harmful toxins from the air.

    Enivironmental Protection Agency
    06/28/2005
  • Level measurement of bulk solids and powders

    This 26-page white paper from Monitor Technologies discusses the difficulties in measuring bulk solids and powders in bins, silos and hoppers.  Download this document to learn which technologies are out there that can make this job easier.

    Monitor Technologies
    01/03/2005
  • Understand the hazards of flammable liquid spills

    This short paper discusses the risks of flash fires and pool fires from spills of flammable liquids, preventative measures, as well as how to avoid hazards during the clean up of such spills.

    Chilworth Technology
    12/09/2004
  • Management of Change or Change of Management?

    Management of Change processes are subject to a variety of pitfalls. This paper highspots a variety of implementation issues that can frequently undermine the success of MOC processes.

    ioMosaic
    12/03/2004
  • Continuous PHA Revalidation

    A process hazard analysis must be revalidated every five years. This paper discusses the merits of a new approach aimed at increasing the effectiveness of PHAs, called Continuous PHA revalidation.

    12/03/2004
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