Process Engineering White Papers

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  • eHandbook: Understand Control and Other Issues in Level Measurement

    Are you challenged by level measurement issues? Are you looking for more information on control and performance?

    This Chemical Processing eHandbook takes a look at how chemicals manufacturers are finding level measurement solutions. Download this Chemical Processing eHandbook and gain access to these articles:

    • Neglect Level Control at Your Peril: This first article in a four-part series examines reset mode tuning issues.
    • Be Levelheaded About Surge-Tank Control: Vessels used to smooth out flow pose special tuning issues.
    • Understand Ultrasonic Sensor Performance: Frequency, beam patterns and a target’s reflection characteristics all play a role.
    • Get Data Where and When You Need It: Advances in level sensor technology help to improve inventory management.
    • More!

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Level Measurement eHandbook now.

    07/20/2016
  • CP Flow eHandbook: Make the Right Choice

    Is figuring out how to choose the proper pump, pick the proper flow meter or select the correct rupture discs keeping you awake at night? Do you want some guidance on how to make these decisions?

    This Chemical Processing eHandbook takes a look at how chemicals manufacturers are making the right selections. Download this Chemical Processing eHandbook for insights and information on:

    • Defeat A Double Whammy: Select the proper pump to handle low suctions head and cavitation.
    • Pick the Proper Flow Meter: Consider a wide range of factors to determine the optimal choice.
    • Choose Rupture Discs Wisely: Selecting the correct pressure relief method and configuration depends on a variety of factors.
    • More!

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook now.

    07/13/2016
  • CP Pollution Control eHandbook: Preclude Pollution Problems

    Are you looking for proactive solutions to pollution issues? Pondering 2016 regulation challenges? Looking to improve safety, sustainability and cost savings? Considering how to select the right VOC abatement method?

    This Chemical Processing eHandbook takes a look at how chemicals manufacturers can meet some of the challenges of Pollution Control issues before they start. Download this Chemical Processing eHandbook for insights and strategies including:

    • 2016 Presents Regulation Challenges: Legislation will focus on unfinished business, work plan chemicals and green chemistry efforts?
    • Plants Plug Away at Leaks: The quest for improved safety, sustainability and cost savings drives efforts to reduce fugitive emissions.
    • Select the Right VOC Abatement Method: There’s no one-size-fits-all approach and use varies greatly by application.
    • Increase Sustainability with Thermal Oxidation: The right emission control system can help meet compliance and reduce energy costs.
    • More!

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Pollution Control eHandbook now.

    06/21/2016
  • How Signal-to-Noise Ratio Impacts Guided Wave Radar Performance

    Guided wave radar (GWR) technology has been used successfully in industrial applications for over a decade. But not all applications are created equal. There are many factors that determine whether a GWR transmitter will perform well in a given application. One especially significant factor is the difference between the desired signal from a level surface and unwanted reflections that interfere with this signal, known as “signal-to-noise ratio.” Learn how signal-to-noise ratio can impact the performance of GWR transmitters.
    Download the white paper now.

    Magnetrol
    05/03/2016
  • Chemical Processing eHandbook: Foil Flow Failings

    This Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook, Foil Flow Failings, takes a look at how manufacturers are meeting some of today’s flow system challenges. Are you faced with the challenge of understanding when to use piston and diaphragm devices for precise liquid dosing? Do nozzle nightmares keep you awake at night? Do you know the best possible options for sidestripper control? Do you want to learn more from a case study on specialty lubricants and press-fitting technology?

    Download this Chemical Processing eHandbook now for insights and strategies including:

    • Mastering Meter Pumps: Understand when to use piston and diaphragm devices for precise liquid dosing
    • Nix Nozzle Nightmares: Don’t forget to check nozzle locations when altering towers
    • Carefully Consider Sidestripper Control: Analysis of three possible options provides important insights
    • Case Study: A producer of specialty lubricants speeds pipe installation using press-fitting technology

    Download your copy of the Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook: Foil Flow Failings

    04/13/2016
  • Flow eHandbook: Achieve Better Flow

    Achieving better flow is a constant challenge for chemical processors. What happens when a liquid flashes? How do you consider the impact of inlet losses? How can you become more innovative using speed pipe installation?

    This Chemical Processing eHandbook takes a look at how chemicals manufacturers are meeting these challenges head on. Download this Chemical Processing eHandbook for insights and strategies including:

    • Watch Out for Two-Phase Flow where process performance can suffer dramatically when a liquid flashes;
    • Nix Nozzle Nuisances and avoid flow problems by considering the impact of inlet losses;
    • Case Study: Speed Pipe Installation - VIP PLUMBING of Cleveland, Ohio, used press fittings to make water- and air-tight connections when installing a stainless system at Royal Chemical's Macedonia, Ohio plant;
    • More!

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook now.

    10/27/2015
  • Wastewater eHandbook: Avoid the Whirlpool

    Today’s global challenges — climate change, water scarcity, food provision, declining ecosystem services, human development, and the overall transition to a sustainable society and planet — require solutions of unprecedented scale. Public policy and behavior change will play a significant role in addressing these challenges. So, too, will business and technology. In the decades ahead, these challenges offer tremendous opportunity for organizations that can contribute to tackling them.

    This Chemical Processing eHandbook takes a look at how chemicals manufacturers are meeting these challenges head on. Download this Chemical Processing eHandbook for insights and strategies including:

    • How organizations such as Dow, Solvay, Dupont and BP are adapting strategies for their water conservation efforts;
    • How a new purification process that’s carbon-negative and energy-positive can save energy;
    • Why sustainability metrics spur product development efforts to improve conservation efforts
    • More!

    Download the eHandbook now.

    09/16/2015
  • Mixing eHandbook: Avoid Mixing Mix-Ups

    For chemical processors, ensuring a long-lasting, high-quality mix is a huge challenge regardless of the physical properties of the mixing component – liquid, gas, solid. In this Chemical Processing Mixing eHandbook, we take a look at mixing technologies including “open” batch operation, static mixers, hydrogenation and inline mixing. Understanding how each of these technologies works, the benefits and challenges can help you to avoid common mixing mix-ups. Download your copy and learn about:

    • A number of technologies that can handle pipeline mixing
    • How hydrogenation reactions can achieve greater conversion rates and thus better space/time yields
    • Continuous powder wetting
    • Inline mixing systems
    • Modern in-line mixers

    Avoid common mixing mix-ups. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Mixing eHandbook now.

    08/26/2015
  • Flow eHandbook: Better Manage Flow

    It’s not uncommon for chemical processors to have hundreds of piping and flow instruments to monitor, maintain and repair. When do you slope a process line? What happens when a precision instrument drifts out of calibration? In this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook, we look at what it takes for chemical processors to master flow challenges in several areas including:

    • Piping geometry – how draining, venting, fouling and other considerations affect piping geometry
    • Various methods for avoiding thermal flow meter validation pitfalls
    • Piping symmetry – why designers should consider the impact of unequal flows in branches

    Learn more how to avoid common piping pitfalls. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook now.

    07/29/2015
  • Chemical Processing’s Flow eHandbook: Forestall Flow Frustrations

    Issues related to physical properties, process parameters, electronic features and interconnections can all affect the flow of liquids and gases. Often working around the clock to process, transfer, and store sometimes hazardous and corrosive chemicals, processors must tackle issues related to physical properties and process parameters. In this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook, we take a look at what it takes for chemical processors to master flow challenges for several types of materials with vastly different physical properties including:

    • How non-contact ultrasonic meters can ease maintenance and improves accuracy
    • Selecting the right spray nozzle - consider several factors to determine the best choice
    • Why inferring internal flow rate in a column rarely makes sense
    • How using Coriolis mass flowmeters provides reliable indication of gas entrainment
    • Case Study: Speed Pipe Installation – when a pipe-joining system eliminates need to weld or thread connections

    Learn more how to forestall flow frustrations with these best flow practices. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook now.

    04/15/2015
  • Chemical Processing’s eHandbook: Improve Flow Management

    Half the battle with flow is choosing the proper equipment. Indeed, flow meter selection and specification is crucial. With the wrong choice you’ll be floundering or worse. In addition, process engineers identify “oversizing” as the number one control valve problem. In this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook, we identify tips to improve flow including:

    • How to match the flow meter to the service
    • How to handle more flow
    • How to properly size control valves
    • How to tackle biogas flow measurement challenges

    Learn more about these best flow practices. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook now.

    01/28/2015
  • Special Report: Protect Process Control Systems

    In the decade before Stuxnet attacked process control systems in Iran, there were just five known supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) vulnerabilities for all control systems in the world, according to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security's Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team (ICS-CERT). In 2011, the year after Stuxnet, that vulnerability count jumped to more than 215. Last year, it reached 248. No surprise then that Chemical makers are increasingly focusing on protecting their process control systems from intrusion both from the inside and outside. In this Chemical Processing Special Report: Protect Process Control Systems, we take a look at:

    • How to better protect your control system - "Defense in depth" is crucial, and new and maturing technologies may help
    • Cyber Security Challenges - learn about countermeasures to protect control systems
    • Case Study: A vulnerability assessment reveals critical gaps in the security of a natural gas pipeline
    • How to mitigate security risks in legacy process control systems  - several steps can help protect against threats and extend the life of legacy equipment

    Learn how to secure your process control systems - and your plant. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Special Report: Protect Process Control Systems now.

    10/29/2014
  • Chemical Processing’s eHandbook: Take Advantage of Tips for Better Flow

    With more demanding applications than most, chemical processing requires systems and infrastructure that can maintain efficiency and safety. Relative to flow, chemical processors need to address challenges such as corrosion, leak detection and mitigation, flow pressure and volume. In this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook, we identify tips to improve flow including:

    • Distillation columns - how gravity-flow loop can enable measuring internal liquid flow in a column
    • The importance of the Process Design Basis
    • Flowmeters  -  monitor, detect and neutralize phosgene leaks
    • Polymer Piping - Material offers numerous benefits over metallic systems and spans various applications

    Learn more about these best flow practices. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook now.

    10/15/2014
  • Choosing the Correct Emission Control Technology

    Increasingly stringent clean air standards and heightened concerns over greenhouse gas emissions are driving technology enhancements in the chemical processing industry. This white paper explains some of the abatement challenges this industry faces and demonstrates how many chemical processors are integrating newer, more efficient emission control technologies for the destruction of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) and Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs).

    The paper also includes a case study, demonstrating how one Pure Terephthalic Acid (PTA) plant saved nearly one million dollars by upgrading to a newer thermal oxidizer technology.

    Anguil
    10/01/2014
  • eHandbook: How To Fight Flow Challenges

    In addition to flow pressure, volume and material state, achieving and maintaining desired flow performance depends upon properly addressing some complicated design and operational issues. In this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook, we identify strategies and solutions for aerodynamic, technical, mechanical and economic constraints including:
     
    Hydrogen systems – Inspections and tests for ensuring safety and flow
    Axial compressors – achieving and maintaining desired performance
    Fight flow recirculation – why the phenomenon occurs in centrifugal pumps and how to correct it
     
    Learn more about these best flow practices. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook now.

    07/16/2014
  • The Perils of a DIY Distributed Control System

    The debate over the virtues of DCS vs. PLC has been ongoing since these two architectures came into existence 40 years ago. For certain industries, a distributed control system (DCS) provides substantially more value as the basis for automating the plant than a programmable logic controller (PLC)-based system. As functionality differences narrow and price points align, the debate over these virtues is getting more intense and the arguments for and against each system are getting more and more murky. This white paper discusses the “Top Ten” issues to consider when evaluating a DCS vs. building your own “DIY” distributed control system using a PLC-based architecture.

    Download white paper now.

    Honeywell
    07/15/2014
  • Tips On Controlling Dissolved Oxygen in a Wastewater Treatment Plant

    Breakdown of organic wastes entering a wastewater treatment plant is accomplished by using a biomass or blend of beneficial microscopic organisms, bacteria, and solids. This converts the nonsettleable solids (dissolved and colloidal matter) into settleable solids, carbon dioxide, water, and energy. This paper reviews the most common stages for measuring and controlling dissolved oxygen in a wastewater treatment plant.

    Hach
    05/13/2014
  • Chemical Processing’s Flow eHandbook: Fend Off Flow Issues

    Chemical processors continually strive to find technologies and solutions for improving flow. Issues related to physical properties, process parameters, electronic features and interconnections can all affect the flow of liquids and gases. In this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook, we take a look at what it take a look at several different flow challenges and considerations to overcome these challenges including:
     

    • Split flow - ensuring proper control of parallel flow paths demands care
    • Positive displacement pumps  - how some units offer advantages over centrifugal pumps in some services
    • How to increase process availability - using Coriolis mass flowmeters provides reliable indication of gas entrainment
    • More!

     
    Find out how to master flow challenges. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook now.

    01/28/2014
  • Chemical Processing Special Report: Secure plan(t)

    In the decade before Stuxnet attacked process control systems in Iran, there were just five known supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) vulnerabilities for all control systems in the world, according to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team (ICS-CERT). In 2011, the year after Stuxnet, that vulnerability count jumped to more than 215. Last year, it reached 248 (Figure 1). No surprise then that Chemical makers are increasingly focusing on protecting their process control systems from intrusion both from the inside and outside. In this Chemical Processing Special Report: Secure plan(t), we take a look at:
    How to better protect your control system - “Defense in depth” is crucial, and new and maturing technologies may help
    Cyber Security Challenges – learn about countermeasures to protect control systems
    Case Study: A vulnerability assessment reveals critical gaps in the security of a natural gas pipeline
    How to mitigate security risks in legacy process control systems  - several steps can help protect against threats and extend the life of legacy equipment
     
    Learn how to secure your process control systems – and your plant. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Special Report: Secure plan(t) now.

    12/17/2013
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