Are you feeling stressed about how to navigate current refining industry challenges? The downstream oil sector has had more than its share of ups and downs recently. Market dynamics, regulatory forces, and advancing technologies are keeping the refining industry on its toes.
This Chemical Processing eHandbook takes a look at how the refining industry is rising to today’s challenges. Download this Chemical Processing eHandbook to discover insights and strategies including:
• Rising to the Challenges of Today’s Refining Industry: Focus on performance sustainability and safety to navigate a volatile market.
• Taming Your Transient Operations: Use a special method to identify and address potential hazards.
• Minimize Oil and Gas Refinery Downtime: Shutdown and turnaround logistics become easier to coordinate with operational planning tools.
• Take the Guesswork Out of Corporate Safety: Several key elements help drive long-term success of world-class safety programs.
• Improve Vacuum Tower Performance: Advanced temperature measurements can help increase yield and product quality.
This Chemical Processing Water/WastewatereHandbook, Waylay Water Systems Woes, takes a look at how manufacturers are meeting some of today’s water system challenges. Are you faced with the challenge of properly applying plastic piping? Is PH troubleshooting concerning you? Would you like to learn more about treating condensate water with activated coconut based carbon?
Download this Chemical ProcessingeHandbook nowfor insights and strategies including:
- Properly Applying Plastic Piping: Use of such piping requires careful consideration of a number of issues.
- Succeed at PH Troubleshooting: Heed some pointers to properly diagnose the cause of a problem.
- Treat Condensate Water with Activated Carbon: High-purity coconut based carbons reduce silica leach, rinsing requirements
Waste gas incinerators react oxygen with waste hydrocarbons at high temperature to produce a clean flue gas. A perfect incinerator would have a destruction and removal efficiency (DRE) of 100%, zero fuel usage and zero emission of carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxides. A small amount of the original hydrocarbons always remains, though. If 1% is left, the DRE is 99%. Some CO and NOx always are produced, too. However, NOx emissions are lower for a regenerative thermal oxidizer (RTO) than for almost any other type of thermal oxidizer. With the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and local air boards requiring DRE values from 95% upward, effectively dealing with waste gas means ensuring compliance with the added benefit of reduced energy costs. In this Special Report we take a look at how an RTO often can offer an effective and fuel-efficient options for cutting the cost of waste gas incineration, how technologies transform greenhouse gas into a feedstock for chemicals, how the right emission control system can help meet compliance and reduce energy costs and several steps that play a crucial role for setting up an effective greenhouse gas monitoring plan. Download now.11/12/2015
Failure of a pressure instrument due to corrosion can lead to the expulsion of volatile liquids and gases into the surrounding environment. Understanding the causes of corrosion and preventative measures is crucial to operators. To help counter this threat, valuable information is available from dedicated organizations. Learn about these resources and gain the insight you’ll need to protect your people, processes and profits. Download now.10/13/2015
How do we make safety in our processes second nature? The concept of inherent safety goes beyond simply not having materials that potentially could damage the pipes, vessels and equipment that make up manufacturing facilities. We need to understand all the ways those materials can be involved in incidents that harm people, the environment and our facilities.
Without a thorough understanding of those scenarios and how they can occur, we can’t properly evaluate the risks posed by different technological approaches and effectively apply inherently safer technologies.
In this Chemical Processing Process Safety eHandbook, we delve in to what it means to embrace the concept of inherent safety and provide tips for safer processing including:
- A variety of strategies that can eliminate hazards from operations
- Improving alarm management – how adopting a pragmatic approach can achieve significant benefits
- A rational approach to combustible dust explosion protection
From process engineers to plant managers, it is critical that everyone plays a role in implementing and adhering to energy efficient practices and exploring ways to improve energy efficiency. This special report takes an in-depth look at how organizations can increase profitability by educating and training their staff to understand the importance of energy. Topics covered include:
- Energy Saver- Educate Your Peers
- Train Your Operators on Energy Efficiency
- Train Your Project Manager on Energy Efficiency
- Train Your Plant Manager on Energy Efficiency
- Some training courses are worth the price
- Energy Saver: Do Your Own Stream Survey
- Direct Stream Injection Hot Water Systems for Jacketed Heating
- Innovation in Direct Stream Injection Heaters Since 1945
Today’s global challenges — climate change, water scarcity, food provision, declining ecosystem services, human development, and the overall transition to a sustainable society and planet — require solutions of unprecedented scale. Public policy and behavior change will play a significant role in addressing these challenges. So, too, will business and technology. In the decades ahead, these challenges offer tremendous opportunity for organizations that can contribute to tackling them.
This Chemical Processing eHandbook takes a look at how chemicals manufacturers are meeting these challenges head on. Download this Chemical Processing eHandbook for insights and strategies including:
- How organizations such as Dow, Solvay, Dupont and BP are adapting strategies for their water conservation efforts;
- How a new purification process that’s carbon-negative and energy-positive can save energy;
- Why sustainability metrics spur product development efforts to improve conservation efforts
Level measurement, which is the detection of the phase split between vapor/liquid, liquid/liquid, vapor/solid and even liquid/solid, is a key parameter in the operation and control of modern industrial processes. A reliable outcome depends on the phase conditions being relatively consistent under all process conditions. Unfortunately, the importance of level control isn’t always understood. In this Chemical Processing Level Instrumentation eHandbook, we discuss best practices for level management including:
- Interpret Level Readings Right – how the type of instrument can make a big difference in deciphering measurements
- Choose the Correct Level Sensor – key considerations and questions for identifying the most appropriate choice
- Customize Your Level Detection – a myriad of options help you achieve optimal level indicator performance
According to a U.S. Department of Energy survey, steam accounts for one-third of all the energy used in process plants. Monitoring and optimizing the cost of your steam system can yield big rewards. Ignoring inefficient operation easily could drain profits.
Operating and maintaining a reliable steam system is vital to chemical processing plants and can have significant cost impact on a plant's annual budget. Typical profit drainers in operating and maintaining a steam system include excessive fuel cost, inefficient steam generation, less-than-optimal steam utlilization and poor condensate recovery. This Chemical Processing Steam eHandbook presents strategies for reducing cost associated with using and generating steam, a 4 step approach for improving efficiency and insight on heat exchanger selection criteria. Specifically:
- Control Steam System Energy Costs - Steam system losses can silently drain profits
- Optimize Your Steam System - A simple four-step approach can improve steam efficiency
- Head Off Exchanger Errors - Selecting the most-appropriate heads for a shell-and-tube unit is crucial
Learn how to generate savings through steam use and generation. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Steam eHandbook now.06/29/2015
This article discusses process filtration approach developed for each technology stage starting from batch filtration in the lab to continuous filtration for the full-scale commercial operation. Process engineers must not “jump to conclusions”, a reference from Sherlock Holmes and Dr. John Watson who prove time and again is that there is no benefit to jumping to conclusions. Therefore, laboratory / bench top filtration testing is covered for problem analysis, technology selection and pilot and demonstration scale-up. The paper continues with the filtration testing and then scale-up to the commercial size. Finally, the paper concludes with a general review of the problem-solving skills of Holmes and Watson and how these skills can be utilized by process engineers as a framework for “idea-generation” when analyzing a new process scale-up.06/02/2015
A material’s characteristics – adhesiveness, cohesiveness, aeratibility, pressure-sensitivity – often change during processing and can cause both flow and hidden hazard challenges. And while poor flow is one of the most common problems encountered in handling or storing solids, dust control issues also need to be identified and addressed. This includes combustible dust as the repercussions can result in costly downtown and in some instances, explosions, serious injury and possibly even death. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at strategies and solutions for taming pesky powder processing challenges including:
- Defuse Dust Dangers - Carefully consider and then counter risks of fire and explosion
- Clamp Down On Clumping - First understand what’s really causing the problem
- What You Don’t Know About Powder Flow - Shear cells can quickly reveal information about flow behavior
- Know Your Vacuum Pumps - Understand the differences between liquid ring and rotary screw dry pumps for distillation
Learn how to tame your pesky powder challenges. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.05/27/2015
High-pressure water jetting is powerful and versatile, helping contractors and industrial companies do hundreds of challenging jobs.
While many jobs are still done manually, new semi-automated systems can maximize three elements crucial to any company’s success: productivity, safety and environmental responsibility.05/12/2015
Process Safety Management (PSM), driven by the OSHA 1910.119 standard, aims to prevent the unwanted release of hazardous chemicals. This whitepaper presents an overview of PSM, explains the requirements of a Mechanical Integrity (MI) program, and illustrates how PSM and MI can be established within an asset management framework.04/21/2015
The Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP), London, has released its Global Water Report 2014. Water challenges, especially in the chemicals industry have not diminished and in fact, are becoming an increasingly larger concern for processors. As stated by Paul Simpson, CEO of the CDP , “Leading companies increasingly recognize that business-as-usual approaches to water management are no longer sufficient.” Download this Chemical Processing eHandbook for:
- Additional findings from the latest CDP report – with a focus on the chemicals industry
- An overview on simple monitoring actions and how adopting best practices may lead to significant savings
- How water conservation efforts can pay off
- How to handle more flow – success often depends upon lowering head losses or raising pump pressure
The safety performance of industrial piping material cannot be overstated—these environments have hundreds, often thousands, of lives at stake. Among the many piping choices, the superior strength, performance and safety of CPVC make it an ideal system for industrial process water applications.
Download the whitepaper now.02/24/2015
Since its introduction to the market in 1959 by The Lubrizol Corporation, chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (better known as CPVC) has proven to be an attractive alternative to traditional industrial metallic piping systems in a wide variety of chemical process environment by offering a more reliable, long-term performance than many other materials.02/04/2015
Half the battle with flow is choosing the proper equipment. Indeed, flow meter selection and specification is crucial. With the wrong choice you’ll be floundering or worse. In addition, process engineers identify “oversizing” as the number one control valve problem. In this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook, we identify tips to improve flow including:
- How to match the flow meter to the service
- How to handle more flow
- How to properly size control valves
- How to tackle biogas flow measurement challenges
Learn more about these best flow practices. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook now.01/28/2015
For chemical processors, assuring safe operations is always top of mind. In this Chemical Processing Special Report we take a look at three distinct areas of operations and steps to insure best safety practices in each.
- HIPS for Reactive Processes – how this safety-instrumented systems offer advantages over pressure relief valves
- HART DIAGNOSTICS - in safety instrumented system (SIS) field devices have been used for many years by several different SIS vendors. HART diagnostics provide much more information on the health of a field device than can be determined from a standard 4–20 mA signal.
- Proof testing - how this modern method improves efficiency, reduces errors, and meets compliance requirements
Precious metals are often present in hydrocarbon, petrochemical, and chemical catalysts. Techniques for recovering precious metals have been around for many years; yet many catalyst owners have misconceptions about how their refining organizations work. In "The Five Myths of Refining Precious Metals", critical information is shared about the chemical processing industry:
- Crucial aspects of weighing
- Sampling and analysis of catalysts
- Methods of catalyst recovery
- What to look for in a proposal from a precious metals refiner
- Understanding the cost of quality
- How to ensure maximum precious metals return value
- Environmental, ethical, and regulatory compliance issues
Water is a critical utility at process plants, often serving both as a heating and a cooling medium. Many process plants rely on this water for processing and other applications. Providing the water, usually by heating via steam coils or direct steam injection nozzles, takes significant energy. In this Chemical Processing Water eHandbook we take a look at water best practices including:
- How to cut energy consumption in water systems in both hot and cold water applications
- Polymer piping - we identify benefits over metallic systems
- TOC analysis challenges - techniques that address barriers to standard online TOC measurement methods