Process Engineering White Papers

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  • Steam eHandbook: Take the Heat Off Your Steam System

    According to a U.S. Department of Energy survey, steam accounts for one-third of all the energy used in process plants. Monitoring and optimizing the cost of your steam system can yield big rewards. Ignoring inefficient operation easily could drain profits.

    Operating and maintaining a reliable steam system is vital to chemical processing plants and can have significant cost impact on a plant's annual budget. Typical profit drainers in operating and maintaining a steam system include excessive fuel cost, inefficient steam generation, less-than-optimal steam utlilization and poor condensate recovery. This Chemical Processing Steam eHandbook presents strategies for reducing cost associated with using and generating steam, a 4 step approach for improving efficiency and insight on heat exchanger selection criteria. Specifically:

    • Control Steam System Energy Costs - Steam system losses can silently drain profits
    • Optimize Your Steam System - A simple four-step approach can improve steam efficiency
    • Head Off Exchanger Errors - Selecting the most-appropriate heads for a shell-and-tube unit is crucial

    Learn how to generate savings through steam use and generation. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Steam eHandbook now.

  • Eastman Deploys ProjectWise to Drive Collaboration, Greater Efficiency, and Cost Savings

    Eastman Chemicals, one of the world’s largest chemical companies, recently decided to strengthen their information security and reliability, as well as develop a path forward to lower software maintenance costs. This Case Study shows how Eastman achieved their goals by globally standardizing on Bentley's ProjectWise software in order to replace an aging, but critical, in-house records management system. The ProjectWise solution has enabled Eastman to significantly reduce their IT costs, and is helping them achieve greater security of their vital plant information while providing a modern data-centric environment to move beyond engineering records into asset performance improvement.

    Download the white paper now.

  • Tank Blanketing in Hydrocarbon Processing Facilities

    During industrial manufacturing, many companies use a wide variety of chemicals from methanol, acetone and benzene to foodstuffs like wine and edible oils stored in large tanks at different points in the manufacturing process. In a technique called “chemical tank blanketing,” or “padding” nitrogen is commonly applied to protect chemicals stored in tanks against contamination, degradation or chemical change as well as to prevent fire or explosions. This white paper first discusses blanketing basics and benefits. It reviews considerations for tank blanketing  systems and discusses a newer approach, which is typically more  cost effective for most applications, is that of generating nitrogen on-demand in the plant itself.

  • Steam eHandbook: Best Practices for Steam Systems

    Operating and maintaining a reliable steam system is vital to chemical processing plants and can have significant cost impact on a plant's annual budget. Typical profit drainers in operating and maintaining a steam system include excessive fuel cost, inefficient steam generation, less-than-optimal steam utlization and poor condensate recovery. Ensuring adequate supply of steam often results in excessive capacity usage, expensive fuel choices or condensate draining to grade, leading to compromised efficiency levels and higher steam cost. Because steam systems dependency is unavoidalbe, addressing those three issues is crucial to minimizing steam costs.
    This Chemical Processing Steam eHandbook presents an overview, steam technologies and strategies for reducing cost associated with using and generating steam including:

    • Controlling steam system energy costs
    • Real-time monitoring - how wireless devices help cut energy losses by detecting failed steam traps
    • Additional resources

    Learn how to generate savings through steam use and generation. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Steam eHandbook now.

  • Heat Exchanger Challenges with Light Tight Crude

    Energy consumption remains one of the largest controllable costs in oil refineries. Heat exchanger fouling can have a significant impact on energy efficiency and production loss. Asphaltene Precipitation is caused when refiners blend incompatible crudes. This is a major source of fouling and leads to performance limitations within days. Heat exchanger fouling is a major challenge for refinery operations. With the increase in crude blending from opportunity crudes such as tight oil, the traditional “manual” monitoring approach may no longer be effective. This White Paper discusses how on-line monitoring and analysis can enable refineries to:

    • Better Understand Accelerated Fouling Due to Crude  Incompatibilities
    • Learn How to Use Online Monitoring to Detect Fouling
    • Identify Which Tube Bundles Require Cleaning

  • TOC Measurement in the Chemical Industry

    The most commonly used compound in the chemical industry is water – not only as a solvent in processing, but also as an energy carrier in the cooling or heating cycle. As vast amounts of water are needed, chemical industries are often located close to large bodies of flowing water. Water used as processing or cooling water is cleaned and subsequently led back to the river or stream. For environmental protection, these waters are subject to specific control and monitoring measures. As the total organic carbon (TOC) non-specifically detects all organic compounds, this parameter has proven to be invaluable here. This booklet introduces a variety of industry-specific applications, and how Shimadzu can provide TOC analyzers to meet specific chemical application needs.

  • Chemical Processing’s eHandbook: Energy Efficiency

    Rising fuel costs have a direct impact on a chemical processors’ bottom line. How can chemical processors reduce their energy consumption thus reducing their cost to produce? It’s believed that the chemical industry potentially can vastly decrease energy use AND greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions with the help of game-changing technology and strong support from policymakers. In this Chemical Processing Energy eHandbook, we take a look at global, and more local, technologies and strategies for improving energy efficiency at chemical plants including:
    • A roadmap that aims to catalyze better energy efficiency – learn about a international initiative that foresees catalytic processes playing a key role in cutting consumption and emissions
    • Saving energy by optimizing boiler loads
    • How the right emission control system can help meet compliance and reduce energy costs
    • Steam injection heating systems
    Learn how improve your plants energy efficiency. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Energy eHandbook now.

  • Know Your TCO: A look at Medium Voltage VFDs

    Medium voltage VFDs are high cost, high consideration assets that greatly improve process control and efficiency in manufacturing facilities. It is vital that you and your company understand the TCO of this asset. Download the white paper for more information.

  • Bristol-Myers Squibb Works hard to be a Good Neighbor

    Bristol-Myers Squibb manually monitored dissolved oxygen (DO) periodically and ran aeration blowers more than necessary to guard against variable loading rates. After upgrading the system to use online DO monitoring operators now have continuous DO readings in the aeration tanks, substantially reducing energy and maintenance costs.

  • Chemical Processing’s Steam eHandbook: Generate Steam Savings

    Spikes in energy costs or unplanned-for capital improvement expenses can put organizations in tricky financial situations. To solve them, they often select the option with the lowest upfront cost which leads to the “pay me now or pay me later” dilemma. Over time it’s discovered that these lower-priced alternatives cost much more due to higher failure rates, wasted energy and more intensive maintenance. This Chemical Processing Steam eHandbook presents steam technologies and strategies for reducing cost associated with using and generating steam including:

    • How a Texas-based plant pared steam consumption - Thinking differently about energy management lead to substantial savings
    • Steam trap selection - A life cycle analysis approach can help reduce maintenance and prolong steam trap life
    • Reduce consumption with a simple formula to determine the proper steam demand for DSI heaters

    Learn how to generate savings through steam use and generation. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Steam eHandbook now.

  • 7 Applications You Didn’t Know Were Compatible with Microwave

    Microwave energy in chemical processing has really come of age over the past few years. Many companies are experiencing the benefits that microwave offers over conventional drying technologies. Other functions include: sterilization, pasteurization, cooking, tempering, dehydration and heating. While you may have guessed a few of the applications we’re profiling, or may even work with them yourself, we hope at least one or two applications off our list will catch your eye and perhaps start you thinking. • Analytical Chemistry • Treatment of Biomass & Biosolids • Powder Processing Carbon Black Animal Blood Plasma Powdered Eggs • Pyrolysis for Recycling & Waste-to-Energy Plastics and Rubber Farm Waste • Petro Chemicals Frac Sand Grease Processing • Minerals

    Marion Mixers
  • On-Line Instrumentation Helps Lower DAF System Costs

    Many industrial plants use dissolved air flotation to remove fats, oils and grease, and suspended solids from wastewater. Chemical additions are often kept higher than necessary to account for variations in influent water quality that are characteristic of industrial facilities. Continuous monitor

  • CP eHandbook: Use Energy Effectively

    Effective energy management can help achieve more efficient use of energy without reducing production levels, product quality or employee morale, and without compromising safety and environmental standards. It should not only address higher efficiency generation, energy conversion, distribution and utilization, but also explore lower-cost energy alternatives. Simply put, energy management is optimizing the energy cost per unit of product output. In this Chemical Processing Energy Efficiency eHandbook, we take a look at how to achieve effective energy management including: • Energy management programs – the roles and responsibilities needed to create an effective energy management program • Internal and external resources needed for an effective energy management program including what to expect from top management • Energy management basics – the five key activities to help reduce energy use • Compression dryers – a review of three alternatives: heat, desiccant and refrigerant. Understanding whether the purchase “cost” outweighs the “value” in terms of energy consumption and production levels.

  • Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook: Monitoring Flow

    The purpose of installing a flowmeter system is to accurately measure flow in a reliable manner. Issues related to physical properties, process parameters, electronic features and interconnections are often given much consideration. Relatively little emphasis, however, is given as to how well the flowmeter will perform its intended purpose. Adding to the confusion are the differences in how performance is expressed and the incomplete nature of the available information. Nevertheless, the quality of flow measurement should be a concern. This Chemical Processing eHandbook takes a look at technologies and solutions affecting flow including: * Coriolis meters - steps you can take optimize performance when faced with entrained gas * Magmeters -- why you should consider using them * How to achieve effective flow control with centrifugal pumps

  • Carbon Adsorption & Reactivation: Turning Obligation into Opportunity in the Chemical Process Industry

    Chemical, petrochemical, and oil-refining plants are process-intensive operations with regulatory requirements to protect the surrounding water and air from the effects of industrial pollution. This paper reviews activated carbon adsorption, the reactivation process, liquid phase and vapor phase adsorption design guidelines, and typical applications of the technology in industrial/environmental treatment.

    Calgon Carbon
  • Heating Water by Direct Steam Injection

    Direct steam injection provides a solution where large volumes of hot water at precise temperatures are required, and saving space and energy are factors in the system design.

    Pick Heaters
  • Productivity Improvement with Wireless Steam

    When steam traps leak or fail, energy is lost and there could also be steam equipment failure or damage and potential safety hazards. A major food manufacturer improved their steam trap program and enhanced their ongoing leak repair campaign with remote steam trap monitoring using Smart Wireless Solutions from Emerson.

  • Reducing Water Consumption in Compressed Air Systems

    Compressed air systems are sometimes called the "4th Utility" due to their presence in almost all industrial processes and facilities. As US water consumption continues to increase, compressed air systems provide an opportunity for energy managers to reduce associated cooling water consumption and costs. In this white paper, we focus on the opportunity to reduce the water consumption of compressed air systems. Understanding the costs and the alternative types of cooling systems is an important first step. This white paper provides background on US water consumption in both the public and industrial sectors; it provides detail on industrial water consumption -- including industrial cooling water -- and its associated costs; it also details six different types of cooling systems available.

  • Training Your Staff About Energy Efficiency -- A Chemical Processing Special Report

    Certainly over the last few years, how plants consume energy has made an impact on that plant's efficiency and profitability. But is everyone at your plant doing their part? From Process Engineers to Plant Managers, everyone can have a role in implementing and adhering to energy efficient practices and exploring ways to improve energy efficiency. Chemical Processing has taken an in-depth look at just how this can been accomplished and compiled a comprehensive Special Report titled: Training Plant Staff About Energy Efficiency. Now available for download, this informative Special Report covers such topics as training operators, available energy tools, assessing equipment and more.

    Pick Heaters
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