Process Engineering White Papers

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  • Metal Dust Explosion Protection

    Combustible dust explosions are a known hazard in chemical processing,and metal dusts pose a unique danger. Learn why this concern is growing in urgency and the steps industry regulators and technology leaders are taking to improve risk mitigation. Download the whitepaper now.

    Fike
    06/28/2016
  • eHandbook: Handle Powders With Care

    Are you looking for more information about handling powders?

    Do you want to prevent problems before they start and consider alternative methods?

    This Chemical Processing eHandbook takes a look at how chemicals manufacturers are meeting the challenges of handling powders. Download this Chemical Processing eHandbook for insights and strategies including:

    • Prevent Problems with Fine Particles: Sampling is crucial and demands particular care.
    • Don’t Err About Fluidization: Consider its under-appreciated advantages and broader utility.
    • Get the Most Out of Your Sterilization Process: Take a close look at two commonly used methods and their associated vacuum technology.
    • More!

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.

    05/18/2016
  • Dry Media Dust Collector or Wet Scrubber?

    Wet scrubbers and dry media dust collectors are two very different technologies used to capture dusts generated during production processes. Both types have inherent advantages and disadvantages. Which is best for your application? The choice is not always clear-cut, but this white paper will help with the decision process by providing a comparison between wet and dry dust collectors. It will outline general parameters for equipment selection with respect to dust properties including combustibility, explosibility, particle size, moisture and adhesiveness. It will also discuss how to apply NFPA 484: Standard for Combustible Metals, the standard that best addresses wet collection. Though NFPA 484 is specific to metals, some of its content can and should apply to nonmetal combustible dusts.

    Download the white paper now.

    Camfil
    04/28/2016
  • Chemical Processing eHandbook: Foil Flow Failings

    This Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook, Foil Flow Failings, takes a look at how manufacturers are meeting some of today’s flow system challenges. Are you faced with the challenge of understanding when to use piston and diaphragm devices for precise liquid dosing? Do nozzle nightmares keep you awake at night? Do you know the best possible options for sidestripper control? Do you want to learn more from a case study on specialty lubricants and press-fitting technology?

    Download this Chemical Processing eHandbook now for insights and strategies including:

    • Mastering Meter Pumps: Understand when to use piston and diaphragm devices for precise liquid dosing
    • Nix Nozzle Nightmares: Don’t forget to check nozzle locations when altering towers
    • Carefully Consider Sidestripper Control: Analysis of three possible options provides important insights
    • Case Study: A producer of specialty lubricants speeds pipe installation using press-fitting technology

    Download your copy of the Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook: Foil Flow Failings

    04/13/2016
  • Powder eHandbook: Make Solid Progress

    Are you looking for more information about solids processing operations? The practice of chemical engineering underpins chemical processing. Universities teach design methods for unit operations such as distillation and heat transfer. However, colleges seldom cover solids processing operations. If any discussion takes place, it only focuses on basic particle physics issues related to drag and turbulence. Yet, many processes require extensive handling of solids.

    This Chemical Processing eHandbook takes a look at how chemicals manufacturers are meeting the challenges of solids processing head on. Download this Chemical Processing eHandbook for insights and strategies including:

    • Solve Solids Processing Conundrums: Understand more about the unique issues posed by solids and why it is crucial for success.
    • Measure Viscosity to Improve Your Mixing Process: Get tips on how to select the proper measuring instrument to better monitor your product quality.
    • Make Some Sense of Sensors: Learn more about the variety of solutions that exist for flow level detection and inventory management.
    • Consider Used Equipment: Get some guidelines to help you select the right pre-owned machine for an application.
    • More!

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.

    02/17/2016
  • Powder eHandbook: Get a Better Handle on Your Solids Process

    Getting a better handle on Solids Process is an on-going challenge for chemical processors. Are you struggling with multiphase sampling? Do you want to conquer pilot plant challenges? Do you want to learn more about how automatic sampling can help control process safely?

    This Chemical Processing eHandbook takes a look at how chemicals manufacturers are meeting these challenges head on. Download this Chemical Processing eHandbook for insights and strategies including:

    • Don’t Be Fazed By Multiphase Sampling: An isokinetic system can provide accurate samples;
    • Conquer Pilot Plant Challenges: Use design of experiments to minimize the number of runs and ensure meaningful data;
    • Case Study: Sampler Helps Control Process Safely: Automatic samplers can be key to ensuring process samples are repeatable and reliable;
    • More!

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.

    11/10/2015
  • Flow eHandbook: Achieve Better Flow

    Achieving better flow is a constant challenge for chemical processors. What happens when a liquid flashes? How do you consider the impact of inlet losses? How can you become more innovative using speed pipe installation?

    This Chemical Processing eHandbook takes a look at how chemicals manufacturers are meeting these challenges head on. Download this Chemical Processing eHandbook for insights and strategies including:

    • Watch Out for Two-Phase Flow where process performance can suffer dramatically when a liquid flashes;
    • Nix Nozzle Nuisances and avoid flow problems by considering the impact of inlet losses;
    • Case Study: Speed Pipe Installation - VIP PLUMBING of Cleveland, Ohio, used press fittings to make water- and air-tight connections when installing a stainless system at Royal Chemical's Macedonia, Ohio plant;
    • More!

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook now.

    10/27/2015
  • Mixing eHandbook: Avoid Mixing Mix-Ups

    For chemical processors, ensuring a long-lasting, high-quality mix is a huge challenge regardless of the physical properties of the mixing component – liquid, gas, solid. In this Chemical Processing Mixing eHandbook, we take a look at mixing technologies including “open” batch operation, static mixers, hydrogenation and inline mixing. Understanding how each of these technologies works, the benefits and challenges can help you to avoid common mixing mix-ups. Download your copy and learn about:

    • A number of technologies that can handle pipeline mixing
    • How hydrogenation reactions can achieve greater conversion rates and thus better space/time yields
    • Continuous powder wetting
    • Inline mixing systems
    • Modern in-line mixers

    Avoid common mixing mix-ups. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Mixing eHandbook now.

    08/26/2015
  • Flow eHandbook: Better Manage Flow

    It’s not uncommon for chemical processors to have hundreds of piping and flow instruments to monitor, maintain and repair. When do you slope a process line? What happens when a precision instrument drifts out of calibration? In this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook, we look at what it takes for chemical processors to master flow challenges in several areas including:

    • Piping geometry – how draining, venting, fouling and other considerations affect piping geometry
    • Various methods for avoiding thermal flow meter validation pitfalls
    • Piping symmetry – why designers should consider the impact of unequal flows in branches

    Learn more how to avoid common piping pitfalls. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook now.

    07/29/2015
  • Powder eHandbook: Tame Your Pesky Powders

    A material’s characteristics – adhesiveness, cohesiveness, aeratibility, pressure-sensitivity – often change during processing and can cause both flow and hidden hazard challenges. And while poor flow is one of the most common problems encountered in handling or storing solids, dust control issues also need to be identified and addressed. This includes combustible dust as the repercussions can result in costly downtown and in some instances, explosions, serious injury and possibly even death. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at strategies and solutions for taming pesky powder processing challenges including:

    • Defuse Dust Dangers - Carefully consider and then counter risks of fire and explosion
    • Clamp Down On Clumping - First understand what’s really causing the problem
    • What You Don’t Know About Powder Flow - Shear cells can quickly reveal information about flow behavior
    • Know Your Vacuum Pumps - Understand the differences between liquid ring and rotary screw dry pumps for distillation

    Learn how to tame your pesky powder challenges. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.

    05/27/2015
  • Chemical Processing’s Flow eHandbook: Forestall Flow Frustrations

    Issues related to physical properties, process parameters, electronic features and interconnections can all affect the flow of liquids and gases. Often working around the clock to process, transfer, and store sometimes hazardous and corrosive chemicals, processors must tackle issues related to physical properties and process parameters. In this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook, we take a look at what it takes for chemical processors to master flow challenges for several types of materials with vastly different physical properties including:

    • How non-contact ultrasonic meters can ease maintenance and improves accuracy
    • Selecting the right spray nozzle - consider several factors to determine the best choice
    • Why inferring internal flow rate in a column rarely makes sense
    • How using Coriolis mass flowmeters provides reliable indication of gas entrainment
    • Case Study: Speed Pipe Installation – when a pipe-joining system eliminates need to weld or thread connections

    Learn more how to forestall flow frustrations with these best flow practices. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook now.

    04/15/2015
  • Powder eHandbook: Combat Powder Processing Challenges

    In chemical production and processing, process design and process safety are crucial considerations – especially when powders are part of production and processing. Inherent challenges such as increasing throughput, accurately measuring powders to manage inventory and removing excess solvents are all challenges that chemical processors need to contend with. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at these powder processing challenges and identify solutions and strategies to overcome them. Learn more about:

    • Vacuum conveying - customization, automation and safety
    • Matching level measurement system to a job - consider materials and work environment when choosing a device
    • Removing solvent vapors in diverse applications - dry and liquid ring vacuum pumps are alternatives to oil-sealed pumps
    • Meeting combustible dust compliance – how a facility tackles combustible dust with aportable central vacuum system

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.

    02/24/2015
  • Chemical Processing’s eHandbook: Improve Flow Management

    Half the battle with flow is choosing the proper equipment. Indeed, flow meter selection and specification is crucial. With the wrong choice you’ll be floundering or worse. In addition, process engineers identify “oversizing” as the number one control valve problem. In this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook, we identify tips to improve flow including:

    • How to match the flow meter to the service
    • How to handle more flow
    • How to properly size control valves
    • How to tackle biogas flow measurement challenges

    Learn more about these best flow practices. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook now.

    01/28/2015
  • Powder eHandbook: Preclude Powder Problems

    Process design and process safety are critical considerations in chemical production and processing. With design and safety paramount at the outset of any new development or equipment retrofit, firms can minimize risk exposure, maximize productivity and position themselves to remain compliant and competitive. Whether retrofit or new, chemical processing is continually challenged by combustible dust. Combustible dust can pose a hidden hazard when accumulation occurs in unseen locations such as in mechanical spaces, above false ceiling, ventilation systems and dust collection systems. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at strategies and solutions for mitigating combustible dust hazards including:

    • Identifying hidden hazards - a case study outlining how a facility finds danger from accumulated dust and effectively addresses it
    • Powder flowability - how new measurement methods now make it easier to evaluate flow
    • Process safety -  properly designed weigh model can optimize safety and improve efficiency
    • A multivariate approach to powder processing -  an overview of several methods that can help determine which powder properties have the greatest influence on performance

    Learn how to preclude powder problems. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.

    11/11/2014
  • eHandbook: Take the Pressure Off Your Process

    When thinking of the processing of chemicals, we think of any activity including storing, using, handling, manufacturing, or moving chemicals at a site, and any combination of these activities. A common state in many of these activities is the flow - or rate - at which the chemicals are moving through a process. Accurately measuring flow can be a challenge for many chemical processors since so many factors can influence the chemical properties and subsequently the  rate of flow. In this Chemical Processing Pressure eHandbook, we discuss considerations for flow management including:

    • Pressure transmitters -  how noise can pinpoint process problems
    • The use of orifice plates -  how insufficient flow conditioning often undermines measurement accuracy
    • Robust Inferential Sensors - easier-to-develop-and-maintain sensors offer significant benefits for chemical processes

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Pressure eHandbook now.

    10/29/2014
  • Chemical Processing’s eHandbook: Take Advantage of Tips for Better Flow

    With more demanding applications than most, chemical processing requires systems and infrastructure that can maintain efficiency and safety. Relative to flow, chemical processors need to address challenges such as corrosion, leak detection and mitigation, flow pressure and volume. In this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook, we identify tips to improve flow including:

    • Distillation columns - how gravity-flow loop can enable measuring internal liquid flow in a column
    • The importance of the Process Design Basis
    • Flowmeters  -  monitor, detect and neutralize phosgene leaks
    • Polymer Piping - Material offers numerous benefits over metallic systems and spans various applications

    Learn more about these best flow practices. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook now.

    10/15/2014
  • eHandbook: Make the Right Moves with Powders

    When designing a system to transport powders and granules there is a wide variety of considerations. Different applications, installation environments, equipment, material characteristics and how they may change during the process are all part of the equation. While many plants aim to keep costs low and often times use old equipment for a new project this can also further compound a complex challenge. And that's not even taking in to consideration our increased awareness of the risks of an explosion and the need to avoid hazardous emissions. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at key considerations affecting today’s best practices for transporting and processing powders and granules including:

    • Installing pneumatic conveyors correctly - 10 steps to prevent a variety of common problems
    • How to understand accuracy in a bin level monitoring system
    • Tubular drag conveying - an alternative to pneumatic conveying
    • Vacuum Conveying equipment and the issues of safety, security and sanitation

    Learn how to process powders efficiently. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.

    08/13/2014
  • eHandbook: How To Fight Flow Challenges

    In addition to flow pressure, volume and material state, achieving and maintaining desired flow performance depends upon properly addressing some complicated design and operational issues. In this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook, we identify strategies and solutions for aerodynamic, technical, mechanical and economic constraints including:
     
    Hydrogen systems – Inspections and tests for ensuring safety and flow
    Axial compressors – achieving and maintaining desired performance
    Fight flow recirculation – why the phenomenon occurs in centrifugal pumps and how to correct it
     
    Learn more about these best flow practices. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook now.

    07/16/2014
  • Chemical Processing’s Powder eHandbook: Make the Most of Powder Processes

    Powders developed to meet certain product performance targets often suffer from inconsistent and unpredictable flow. The reasons for this are many. A material's characteristics - adhesiveness, cohesiveness, aeratability, pressure-sensitivity - often change during processing and can cause flow problems to crop up. Couple this with changes in the processes themselves and costly downtime can be the result. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at strategies and solutions for overcoming powder processing challenges including:

    • Making the most of flow additives - understand their impact on overall powder behavior to optimize flow
    • Improving performance of gravimetric feeders - tips to avoid poor accuracy and frequent downtime
    • Protecting against combustible dust explosion - economical approaches for protecting spray dryer processes and solutions

    Make the most of your powder processes. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.
     

    04/24/2014
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