Process Engineering White Papers

301-320 of 346 < first | | | last >
  • Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook: Best Practices for Flow

    The purpose of installing a flowmeter system is to accurately measure flow in a reliable manner. Issues related to physical properties, process parameters, electronic features, interconnections can all affect the flowmeter performance. This Chemical Processing eHandbook takes a look at technologies and solutions affecting flow as well as the impact of specific regulations on flowmeter systems including:

    • Specifying the right slurry seal – understanding dual-seal and water-management options
    • Ground EMFs with Virtual Reference - New grounding method eases electromagnetic flowmeter installation and minimizes costs
    • Determine Boiler Size Using a Flowmeter - An inline vortex meter reveals the proper steam usage, resulting in significant savings and improved energy efficiency.

    10/30/2012
  • CP eHandbook: Reliability/Asset Management

    Reliability programs are now standard business practice in companies that rely heavily on machines, equipment and other physical assets. But, in today’s lean economy, companies have fewer resources than ever to manage and maintain these assets. Plants face challenges in identifying new and cost-effective ways to ensure their assets are performing and that they are managing to minimize operational risks. In this Chemical Processing Reliability/Asset Management eHandbook we take a look at proactive approaches for improving reliability and maintenance in today’s processing plant including:
     

    •    Equipment rotation: identify damaged and worn components before they cause problems
    •    Backflush strategies: flow reversal can remove fiber buildup in heat exchangers
    •    Advanced Reliability Management: key steps for leveraging limited resources and critical assets
    •    Predictive Maintenance: detailed analysis of maintenance records can further improve equipment reliability
    •    More!

    12/13/2012
  • CP eHandbook: Dealing With Water Challenges

    For chemical processors, the use of water in their processing can correlate to significant costs. Cost, coupled with an increasing focus on the environmental impact of both water usage and wastewater creation, are challenging processors to take a closer look at both their consumption of water and production of wastewater. Wide-ranging water optimization efforts, from fixing pipe leaks to minimizing cooling tower blowdown, are providing significant savings to chemical makers, but there’s more. In this ChemicalProcessing Water/Wastewate eHandbook we take a look at how to deal with water challenges including:
     
    •    Reducing water consumption and increase recycling – including examples of achievement and strategies from BASF, Air Products, Eli Lilly & Co, and Pfizer
    •    RO Membranes: proactive steps can maximize life and performance for water purification
    •    More!

    12/13/2012
  • CP eHandbook: Wireless - Plants Benefit from Wireless Technology

    For chemical processors, changing process conditions demand quick responses in order to keep processing effective and to keep processes running properly. For processes undergoing such changes, accurate and timely measurements, such as vibration monitoring, redundant tank level measurement and steam header temperature profiling can be difficult to collect. In well-established plants it’s both very expensive and time consuming to get measurement points online using conventional wired instrumentation. Many processors are now turning to wireless devices that can supply data from numerous points that never could have been justified otherwise. In this Chemical Processing Wireless eHandbook we take a look at wireless technology solution successes:
     
    ** How installing a wireless pH analyzer for crucial insights on seal integrity provided Fuji Film with a low-cost monitoring solution for protecting a pricey pump
    ** How one of the world’s largest producers of chlorine, caustic soda and vinyl chloride embraced wireless technology and achieved operating economies and more efficient control of its chemical processes
    ** More!

    01/17/2013
  • Chemical Processing’s Powder eHandbook: Process Powders with Ease

    Processing powders can be tricky. During processing, powder properties can be affected by many different factors including if the materials are stored for long periods, if the materials are exposed to moisture, and by fluctuations in the mechanical processes that handle powders. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at technologies and strategies for handling powders including: Options for large drivers – with a focus on variable-speed electric motors Innovative level measurement technologies How shear cell instruments and relative humidity tests can determine a powders flow behavior Indoor flameless venting – how modern technology can help eliminate the risk of damage and reduce maintenance costs Learn how to process powders with ease. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.

    02/15/2013
  • Chemical Processing’s Flow eHandbook: The Many Facets of Flow

    Issues related to physical properties, process parameters, electronic features and interconnections can all affect the flow of liquids and gases. Chemical Processors know that many factors such as flow rate, material temperature and liquid viscosity can effect how easily, or difficult it is to process flow. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at technologies and strategies for managing flow including: Properly positioning interlock valves - the obvious location may not be the most cost effective How to pick the proper centrifugal pump - the impact of startup conditions and prospective operating points Five important factors for storage tanks and how to determine the right tank for your needs Variable area meters – factors to consider when selecting this device for measuring flow Coriolis flow meters – understand how a straight-tube design provides several advantages for a varnish production application Understand the many facets of flow. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook now.

    04/15/2013
  • Mixing Solutions and Slurries -- Effectively, Economically and Safely

    Effectively mixing liquids and solids to create an optimal slurry is one of the perpetual challenges in the chemical industry. This case study demonstrates how an eductor-based mixing system can effectively handle a wide range of materials, utilizing the least amount of floor space, energy and human resources to achieve an optimized process. In addition, the eductor mixing system offers increased efficiencies over a conventional system of mixing by allowing solutions and slurries to be made on demand – as opposed to pre-mixed in large holding tanks. Another important benefit is the system limits exposure to operators, and mitigates issues of delivering solid material in a large vapor space. The design flexibility of an educator-based mixing system offers a high level of customization.

    05/14/2013
  • Chemical Processing’s Powder eHandbook: Optimize Powder Processing

    Some chemical makers are missing opportunities to reduce operating costs and increase profits because they aren’t striving to re-engineer and streamline their processes. A plant often can achieve substantial benefits through simplified steps that do more and work better with less complexity. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at strategies and solutions for optimizing powder processing including: • Streamlining the chemical processing process – enhancing operations by removing complexities that creep in over time • Suppression systems – How a properly designed and engineered suppression system offers many advantages including explosion aversion • Mitigating the impact of uncertainty - how the correct weighing system and a proper maintenance schedule can ensure accuracy Learn strategies for optimizing your powder processing. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.

    05/15/2013
  • CP eHandbook: Step Up Water Conservation

    Chemical makers increasingly are focusing on water-related issues. In particular, concern over availability is spurring leading operating companies to implement a host of novel strategies and technologies to optimize water use. Chemical makers are implementing strategies and solutions to scale back on their overall usage of water, reuse water and put clean water back in to circulation. In this ChemicalProcessing Water Optimization eHandbook we take a look at how chemical companies are dealing with water challenges

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Water Optimization eHandbook now.

    06/13/2013
  • Chemical Processing’s Steam eHandbook: Generate Steam Savings

    Spikes in energy costs or unplanned-for capital improvement expenses can put organizations in tricky financial situations. To solve them, they often select the option with the lowest upfront cost which leads to the “pay me now or pay me later” dilemma. Over time it’s discovered that these lower-priced alternatives cost much more due to higher failure rates, wasted energy and more intensive maintenance. This Chemical Processing Steam eHandbook presents steam technologies and strategies for reducing cost associated with using and generating steam including:

    • How a Texas-based plant pared steam consumption - Thinking differently about energy management lead to substantial savings
    • Steam trap selection - A life cycle analysis approach can help reduce maintenance and prolong steam trap life
    • Reduce consumption with a simple formula to determine the proper steam demand for DSI heaters

     
    Learn how to generate savings through steam use and generation. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Steam eHandbook now.

    06/19/2013
  • Chemical Processing’s Flow eHandbook: Effective Flow Management

    Chemical processors continually strive to find technologies and solutions for improving system performance and plant uptime. Often working around the clock to process, transfer, and store sometimes hazardous and corrosive chemicals, processors must tackle issues related to physical properties and process parameters. In this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook, we take a look at what it takes for chemical processors to achieve effective flow management including:

    • Streamlining processes – how removing complexities that creep in over time can enhance operations
    • Orifice plates – when insufficient flow conditioning undermines measurement accuracy
    • CPVC for Chlor-Alkali Applications – why chlorinated polyvinyl chloride offers many advantages over other materials

    Understand the many facets of flow. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook now.

    07/22/2013
  • Chemical Processing’s Powder eHandbook: Tips for Successful Powder Processing

    Powders and the dust they create have a tendency to create a myriad of material handling headaches. For example, dust can wreak havoc on the performance and accuracy of many level sensors, rendering them inaccurate and unreliable. Powder particles under the influence of gravity can become compacted resulting in inter-particle friction that may prevent flow movement. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we offer a few tips for optimizing powder processing.

    08/12/2013
  • Special Report: Making the Most of Migration

    Perhaps the most critical challenge facing the automation industry is that of aging control systems at or near the end of their product lifecycles. A legacy control system can suffer from technical, functional or supply obsolescence. With a well-planned and executed control system migration, however, plants can improve availability and reliability, while increasing production flexibility. In this Chemical Processing Special Report: Making the Most of Migration, we take a look at: Obsolescence planning – addressing concerns and planning for a successful evolution strategy; Restoration Possibilities – how new tools and innovative methods support and breath new life into aging distributed control systems; DCS Migration; More! Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Special Report: Making the Most of Migration now!

    08/27/2013
  • Chemical Processing’s Process Safety eHandbook: Tips for Safer Processing

    Major accidents with multiple fatalities continue to occur worldwide in theprocess industries, causing distress to those involved and massive costs to companies. Almost daily, facilities in the process industries face a number of specific major accident hazard scenarios depending upon the nature of the substances they handle and their processing activities. These are caused by known initiating events such as failure of hardware or control systems, or errors by operating or maintenance staff. In this Chemical Processing Process Safety eHandbook, we provide tips for safer processing including:

    >> The role of senior management including six important steps senior management should take to insure safer processing

    >> Process safety documentation – strategies for ensuring that your documentation is up-to-date and readily accessible

    09/19/2013
  • Chemical Processing’s Flow eHandbook: Master Flow Challenges

    Issues related to physical properties, process parameters, electronic features and interconnections can all affect the flow of liquids and gases. Often working around the clock to process, transfer, and store sometimes hazardous and corrosive chemicals, processors must tackle issues related to physical properties and process parameters. In this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook, we take a look at what it takes for chemical processors to master flow challenges for several types of materials with vastly different physical properties including:
    • How to increase process availability - coriolis mass flow meters provide reliable indication of gas entrainment
    • Overcoming the challenges of changing gas composition - new technology addresses need for more accurate and efficient biogas measuring
    • How to ensure proper control of parallel flow paths demands care
    • Case Study: Speed Pipe Installation - pipe-joining system eliminates need to weld or thread connections
    • More!
    Find out how to master flow challenges. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook now.

    10/16/2013
  • CP eHandbook: How to boost wastewater improvement efforts

    Chemical facilities are under mounting pressure to process ever larger quantities of wastewater to increasingly higher standards while staying within a variety of cost constraints. Plant operators face the dilemma of how to maintain treatment throughput at reasonable cost even when the plant reaches design capacity. Potential changes to production mixes can compound the challenge. Fortunately, adopting the latest wastewater-treatment technology can inject new life into a plant, extending useful asset life without heavy upfront capital investment. In this Chemical Processing Wastewater eHandbook we take a look at how to boost wastewater improvement efforts including:
     

    • An exploration of an innovative system that enables wastewater capacity expansion
    • Why chemical makers are increasingly focusing on water-related risks and opportunities

     Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Wastewater eHandbook now.

    12/19/2013
  • Chemical Processing’s Flow eHandbook: Fend Off Flow Issues

    Chemical processors continually strive to find technologies and solutions for improving flow. Issues related to physical properties, process parameters, electronic features and interconnections can all affect the flow of liquids and gases. In this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook, we take a look at what it take a look at several different flow challenges and considerations to overcome these challenges including:
     

    • Split flow - ensuring proper control of parallel flow paths demands care
    • Positive displacement pumps  - how some units offer advantages over centrifugal pumps in some services
    • How to increase process availability - using Coriolis mass flowmeters provides reliable indication of gas entrainment
    • More!

     
    Find out how to master flow challenges. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook now.

    01/28/2014
  • Powder Processing Best Practices

    A material’s characteristics and how they may change during processing can affect HOW these materials are processed. Key factors affecting powders include aeration, moisture absorption, electrostatic charging to name a few. Many bulk solids are sensitive to heat and humidity. As these levels rise, either in the feeder system or via outside conditions, flow problems crop up. As the powder gains strength, jams and poor flow conditions begin to appear. Costly downtime and a loss of product are incurred while a search is made for a solution to the flow problems. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at key factors affecting powders and today’s best practices for overcoming the processing of powders including:
     

    • Looking beyond the physical properties of particles and treating powder as a bulk entity
    • How scanners take volume to a new level - acoustics-based sensors can help accurately measure the volume of powders in vessels
    • How to determine a coating’s volatile content  - advancements in rapid loss-on-drying techniques significantly reduce testing time
    • Testing powder flow - advances in test methods help better predict flow behavior at elevated temperature and humidity levels

    Learn how to process powders efficiently. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.

    02/19/2014
  • TOC Measurement in the Chemical Industry

    The most commonly used compound in the chemical industry is water – not only as a solvent in processing, but also as an energy carrier in the cooling or heating cycle. As vast amounts of water are needed, chemical industries are often located close to large bodies of flowing water. Water used as processing or cooling water is cleaned and subsequently led back to the river or stream. For environmental protection, these waters are subject to specific control and monitoring measures. As the total organic carbon (TOC) non-specifically detects all organic compounds, this parameter has proven to be invaluable here. This booklet introduces a variety of industry-specific applications, and how Shimadzu can provide TOC analyzers to meet specific chemical application needs.

    02/25/2014
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