In the decade before Stuxnet attacked process control systems in Iran, there were just five known supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) vulnerabilities for all control systems in the world, according to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team (ICS-CERT). In 2011, the year after Stuxnet, that vulnerability count jumped to more than 215. Last year, it reached 248 (Figure 1). No surprise then that Chemical makers are increasingly focusing on protecting their process control systems from intrusion both from the inside and outside. In this Chemical Processing Special Report: Secure plan(t), we take a look at:
How to better protect your control system - “Defense in depth” is crucial, and new and maturing technologies may help
Cyber Security Challenges – learn about countermeasures to protect control systems
Case Study: A vulnerability assessment reveals critical gaps in the security of a natural gas pipeline
How to mitigate security risks in legacy process control systems - several steps can help protect against threats and extend the life of legacy equipment
Learn how to secure your process control systems – and your plant. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Special Report: Secure plan(t) now.
Tank cleaning has always been viewed as a necessary evil for manufacturers. During the cleaning process, a significant amount of resources (time, chemicals, water, electric and labor) is required between batches to ensure a reliable, uncontaminated, quality batch is produced. Although these repeating expenditures have a significant effect on the bottom line, many chemical manufacturers continue to rely on outdated processing for cleaning, not realizing the potential opportunity for substantial cost reductions and revenue recovery through CIP optimization.This whitepaper includes specific case studies on the benefits of rotary impingement and CIP optimization vs. the standard tank cleaning processes. These benefits include drastic savings in time and water usage as well as employee safety.
Rising fuel costs have a direct impact on a chemical processors’ bottom line. How can chemical processors reduce their energy consumption thus reducing their cost to produce? It’s believed that the chemical industry potentially can vastly decrease energy use AND greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions with the help of game-changing technology and strong support from policymakers. In this Chemical Processing Energy eHandbook, we take a look at global, and more local, technologies and strategies for improving energy efficiency at chemical plants including:
A roadmap that aims to catalyze better energy efficiency – learn about a international initiative that foresees catalytic processes playing a key role in cutting consumption and emissions
Saving energy by optimizing boiler loads
How the right emission control system can help meet compliance and reduce energy costs
Steam injection heating systems
Learn how improve your plants energy efficiency. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Energy eHandbook now.
The mechanisms of powder flow are complex. They are influenced by an array of different parameters; some relate to the particles’ physical attributes, such as size and shape, and others, such as humidity, to the system itself. Although there is a general understanding of these individual mechanisms, the multitude of interactions that govern the specific behavior of a given powder can many and in turn, affect how these powders are processed. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at technologies and strategies for handling powders including:
How to Optimize Humidity for Efficient Powder Handling - too much or too little moisture can cause problems during processing and storage
How to Select the Right Conveying and Feeding System - successful bulk handling of calcium carbonate depends on a variety of factors
Suppressing Explosions for Process Protection - A properly designed and engineered suppression system offers many advantages
Learn how to process powders efficiently. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.
Medium voltage VFDs are high cost, high consideration assets that greatly improve process control and efficiency in manufacturing facilities. It is vital that you and your company understand the TCO of this asset. Download the white paper for more information.
Issues related to physical properties, process parameters, electronic features and interconnections can all affect the flow of liquids and gases. Often working around the clock to process, transfer, and store sometimes hazardous and corrosive chemicals, processors must tackle issues related to physical properties and process parameters. In this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook, we take a look at what it takes for chemical processors to master flow challenges for several types of materials with vastly different physical properties including:
How to increase process availability - coriolis mass flow meters provide reliable indication of gas entrainment
Overcoming the challenges of changing gas composition - new technology addresses need for more accurate and efficient biogas measuring
How to ensure proper control of parallel flow paths demands care
Case Study: Speed Pipe Installation - pipe-joining system eliminates need to weld or thread connections
Find out how to master flow challenges. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook now.
This concise, compelling overview of best practices in purchasing and maintaining ethylene valve packages is an essential read for industry professionals. The white paper will tell you how to: 1) Select the right seats and seals; 2) Select the right coating materials; 3) Know the quality of the valves you're buying; 4) Find a trusted single resource for your valve package purchases; 5) Keep up with required maintenance.
Major accidents with multiple fatalities continue to occur worldwide in theprocess industries, causing distress to those involved and massive costs to companies. Almost daily, facilities in the process industries face a number of specific major accident hazard scenarios depending upon the nature of the substances they handle and their processing activities. These are caused by known initiating events such as failure of hardware or control systems, or errors by operating or maintenance staff. In this Chemical Processing Process Safety eHandbook, we provide tips for safer processing including:
>> The role of senior management including six important steps senior management should take to insure safer processing
>> Process safety documentation – strategies for ensuring that your documentation is up-to-date and readily accessible
Perhaps the most critical challenge facing the automation industry is that of aging control systems at or near the end of their product lifecycles. A legacy control system can suffer from technical, functional or supply obsolescence. With a well-planned and executed control system migration, however, plants can improve availability and reliability, while increasing production flexibility. In this Chemical Processing Special Report: Making the Most of Migration, we take a look at: Obsolescence planning – addressing concerns and planning for a successful evolution strategy; Restoration Possibilities – how new tools and innovative methods support and breath new life into aging distributed control systems; DCS Migration; More!
Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Special Report: Making the Most of Migration now!
Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC) is emerging as the material of choice for pipe and fittings in water and waste applications with an increasing number of engineers adding it to their in-house specs. They are finding that CPVC is highly resistant to microbes and chemicals used throughout the process and it boasts lower installation costs.
Powders and the dust they create have a tendency to create a myriad of material handling headaches. For example, dust can wreak havoc on the performance and accuracy of many level sensors, rendering them inaccurate and unreliable. Powder particles under the influence of gravity can become compacted resulting in inter-particle friction that may prevent flow movement. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we offer a few tips for optimizing powder processing.
Bristol-Myers Squibb manually monitored dissolved oxygen (DO) periodically and ran aeration blowers more than necessary to guard against variable loading rates. After upgrading the system to use online DO monitoring operators now have continuous DO readings in the aeration tanks, substantially reducing energy and maintenance costs.
Chemical processors continually strive to find technologies and solutions for improving system performance and plant uptime. Often working around the clock to process, transfer, and store sometimes hazardous and corrosive chemicals, processors must tackle issues related to physical properties and process parameters. In this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook, we take a look at what it takes for chemical processors to achieve effective flow management including:
Streamlining processes – how removing complexities that creep in over time can enhance operations
Orifice plates – when insufficient flow conditioning undermines measurement accuracy
CPVC for Chlor-Alkali Applications – why chlorinated polyvinyl chloride offers many advantages over other materials
Understand the many facets of flow. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook now.
Oxygen measurement for safety and control is essential for process optimization in many chemical manufacturing processes. This white paper provides application details of probe-style TDL oxygen analyzers.
Spikes in energy costs or unplanned-for capital improvement expenses can put organizations in tricky financial situations. To solve them, they often select the option with the lowest upfront cost which leads to the “pay me now or pay me later” dilemma. Over time it’s discovered that these lower-priced alternatives cost much more due to higher failure rates, wasted energy and more intensive maintenance. This Chemical Processing Steam eHandbook presents steam technologies and strategies for reducing cost associated with using and generating steam including:
How a Texas-based plant pared steam consumption - Thinking differently about energy management lead to substantial savings
Steam trap selection - A life cycle analysis approach can help reduce maintenance and prolong steam trap life
Reduce consumption with a simple formula to determine the proper steam demand for DSI heaters
Learn how to generate savings through steam use and generation. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Steam eHandbook now.
Microwave energy in chemical processing has really come of age over the past few years. Many companies are experiencing the benefits that microwave offers over conventional drying technologies. Other functions include: sterilization, pasteurization, cooking, tempering, dehydration and heating.
While you may have guessed a few of the applications we’re profiling, or may even work with them yourself, we hope at least one or two applications off our list will catch your eye and perhaps start you thinking.
• Analytical Chemistry
• Treatment of Biomass & Biosolids
• Powder Processing
Animal Blood Plasma
• Pyrolysis for Recycling & Waste-to-Energy
Plastics and Rubber
• Petro Chemicals
Chemical makers increasingly are focusing on water-related issues. In particular, concern over availability is spurring leading operating companies to implement a host of novel strategies and technologies to optimize water use. Chemical makers are implementing strategies and solutions to scale back on their overall usage of water, reuse water and put clean water back in to circulation. In this ChemicalProcessing Water Optimization eHandbook we take a look at how chemical companies are dealing with water challenges
Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Water Optimization eHandbook now.
The Every Man’s Guide to OPC is an easy-to-read overview of the most popular industrial open connectivity standard - OPC. This paper introduces the main idea behind OPC, shows why OPC is different from conventional (often proprietary) communication protocols, and explains how OPC helps overcome the limitations of such native protocols. Next, the paper explains what the building blocks of OPC are (OPC Clients and OPC Servers) and how they work together to make data-sharing possible.
This guide to OPC helps readers of all technical levels quickly grasp what OPC is and how they can use it.
Some chemical makers are missing opportunities to reduce operating costs and increase profits because they aren’t striving to re-engineer and streamline their processes. A plant often can achieve substantial benefits through simplified steps that do more and work better with less complexity. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at strategies and solutions for optimizing powder processing including:
• Streamlining the chemical processing process – enhancing operations by removing complexities that creep in over time
• Suppression systems – How a properly designed and engineered suppression system offers many advantages including explosion aversion
• Mitigating the impact of uncertainty - how the correct weighing system and a proper maintenance schedule can ensure accuracy
Learn strategies for optimizing your powder processing. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.