Process Engineering White Papers

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  • Guide to Vacuum System Design

    The phrase “Vacuum Cleaning System” refers not only to cleaning by means of vacuum hose and tools, but also to a multitude of tasks which can be accomplished by the same basic system components: a vacuum producer and separators. In this paper, we cover the vacuum cleaning system as a tool for good housekeeping. Such a system is generally designed to pick up and convey dry and free-flowing material that can enter and pass through the vacuum cleaning tool and hose. Further, the system is designed to allow for a selected number of operators.

    Download the white paper now.

    Gardner Denver
  • Special Report: Protect Process Control Systems

    In the decade before Stuxnet attacked process control systems in Iran, there were just five known supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) vulnerabilities for all control systems in the world, according to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security's Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team (ICS-CERT). In 2011, the year after Stuxnet, that vulnerability count jumped to more than 215. Last year, it reached 248. No surprise then that Chemical makers are increasingly focusing on protecting their process control systems from intrusion both from the inside and outside. In this Chemical Processing Special Report: Protect Process Control Systems, we take a look at:

    • How to better protect your control system - "Defense in depth" is crucial, and new and maturing technologies may help
    • Cyber Security Challenges - learn about countermeasures to protect control systems
    • Case Study: A vulnerability assessment reveals critical gaps in the security of a natural gas pipeline
    • How to mitigate security risks in legacy process control systems  - several steps can help protect against threats and extend the life of legacy equipment

    Learn how to secure your process control systems - and your plant. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Special Report: Protect Process Control Systems now.

  • Special Report: Avoid Common Vessel Errors

    Welded vessels play a key role in most processes. However, few plants now have in-depth expertise in materials selection, fabrication and design of such vessels. As a result, plant staff often make errors that can be costly as well as compromise the suitability and life of the vessel. This three-part special report provides practical pointers that can help you avoid common mistakes and get the most appropriate, durable and cost-effective vessel.


    • Part 1 looks at a dozen important factors to consider in materials selection, including metal selection and appropriate use of corrosion allowances and coatings. It includes pointers gleaned from first-hand experiences that can help you avoid costly mistakes and delays.
    • Part 2 provides tips on how to avoid delays and achieve savings in the fabrication process. It also covers techniques that can improve vessel reliability and thus forestall costly repairs down the road.
    • Part 3 gets into design issues. It condenses the 5,000+ pages of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code into a simple guide when specifying vessels, heat exchangers and tanks. It focuses on 10 key factors.

    Download your Chemical Processing special report now.

  • Know Your TCO: A look at Medium Voltage VFDs

    Medium voltage VFDs are high cost, high consideration assets that greatly improve process control and efficiency in manufacturing facilities. It is vital that you and your company understand the TCO of this asset. Download the white paper for more information.

  • No More Risky Business With Virtual Patching

    Patching process control system software to remove security vulnerabilities is fraught with risk. System issues can be the result of installing a patch, but a system is also vulnerable without patching. Fortunately, virtual patching can improve the process and raise the system’s security at the same time.

  • Designing Sustainable Products

    All of the benefits of Product Lifecycle Management can be erased by significant non-compliance events that impact a company through fines, penalties, negative publicity, or prohibition to sell a new product in key markets. Without a sustainability strategy, the PLM value proposition is at risk.

  • Spray Gas Quench Design Considerations

    The use of spray nozzles to rapidly cool or quench gas streams is an essential application in many industrial processes, such as chemical reaction vessels, incineration, and power plant absorber gas inlet. An optimized spray quench design requires engineering analysis of the operating environment, spray nozzle performance and process reliability. This technical paper describes the design considerations for spray gas quench systems such as nozzle selection, process control, system configuration and reliability. Application of this knowledge can result in a gas quench system that operates efficiently and reliably with reduced vessel size, reduced atomization energy consumption, and minimized downtime, to achieve capital and operational cost savings for your process.

    Bete Fog
  • ChemicalProcessing Special Report: Pilot Plants

    Read about the 10 factors that will impact the design, construction and operation of these next-generation pilot plant units.

    Learn about new pilot plant development methods.
    Understand the role operational guidance plays in successful pilot plant development.

    Continental Technologies LLC, Pilot Plant Design, Fabrication & Operation
  • Benefits of State Based Control

    State Based Control is a plant automation control design based on the principle that all process facilities operate in recognized, definable Process States that represent a variety of normal and abnormal conditions of the process. State Based Control, implemented with the latest developments in object-based technologies, delivers direct benefits to its adopters in a variety of Operational Excellence categories. It results in productivity increases, higher asset utilization of both people and process, automated responses and recovery for abnormal conditions and provides an environment for knowledge capture directly into the control design.

    David Huffman, ABB Inc.
  • Using Operator Interfaces to Optimize Performance of Industrial Wireless Networks

    The performance of wireless networks can change over time due to increased performance demands, changes in the radio frequency (RF) environment and changes in the physical environment. This article will explore the use of a wireless diagnostic OLE for Process Control (OPC) server technology to embed diagnostic information in human machine interfaces (HMIs), thus optimizing industrial wireless network performance.

    Jim Ralston, Wireless Sales Engineer, ProSoft Technology
  • Intelligent Rotary Control Valve

    NELES rotary control valves with Q-Trim have greater capacity than comparable globe-style linear valves with noise reduction trims widening rangeability, reducing weight and valve dimensions, and a 50% cost reduction compared to linear valves of comparable Cv. NELES rotary control valves from Metso Automation. Intelligent Reliability leads to Intelligent Results.

  • IT Security for Process Control Using Siemens SIMATIC PCS 7

    Ensuring the security of industrial control systems is hardly a new topic. The earliest users of modern control systems in power stations and chemical plants saw the need to protect access to vital control functions from unauthorized use. Similarly, in industries such as fine chemical or pharmaceutical where “the process is the product”, manufacturers have always sought to protect the secrets of their unique processes from the prying eyes of industrial spies. This white paper by ARC describes how the Siemens AG PCS7 Security Concept bundles key security measures in seveal specific areas to create a deep hierarchy of security known as “defense in depth”.

    ARC Advisory Group
  • Securing Batch Control Systems

    Batch process control security is becoming a critical concern for the process control domain, IT technology infrastructure and the business enterprise. This paper explores several key security concerns in batch control system architectures and methods for addressing these issues.

  • White Paper: Internet Access in a Process Control Environment

    Industrial automation is no longer limited by the walls of a production facility. More and more automation is being handled via remote communication, whether it’s from the office or from the comfort of your own home. Today’s PLCs give you the ability to access your control system to handle such tasks as monitoring via a website to determine the condition of a machine or check other statistics.

    Wago Innovative Connections
  • Process Control Network Security - Reference Architecture

    This document describes best practices for the reference architecture for a process control system network and its interfaces to a corporate network. The paper’s objective is to give the reader an understanding of the techniques utilized to securely connect these networks.

  • Design Tips for Sensing Probes

    This application note from Delta Controls outlines selection and installation criteria for using admittance probes to monitor the level of powders, liquids and other materials. Dielectric constants of more than 200 materials are included.

    Delta Controls
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