Process Engineering White Papers

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  • Five Keys to Avoiding Ethylene Valve Failures

    This concise, compelling overview of best practices in purchasing and maintaining ethylene valve packages is an essential read for industry professionals. The white paper will tell you how to: 1) Select the right seats and seals; 2) Select the right coating materials; 3) Know the quality of the valves you're buying; 4) Find a trusted single resource for your valve package purchases; 5) Keep up with required maintenance.

  • Chemical Processing’s Flow eHandbook: Effective Flow Management

    Chemical processors continually strive to find technologies and solutions for improving system performance and plant uptime. Often working around the clock to process, transfer, and store sometimes hazardous and corrosive chemicals, processors must tackle issues related to physical properties and process parameters. In this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook, we take a look at what it takes for chemical processors to achieve effective flow management including:

    • Streamlining processes – how removing complexities that creep in over time can enhance operations
    • Orifice plates – when insufficient flow conditioning undermines measurement accuracy
    • CPVC for Chlor-Alkali Applications – why chlorinated polyvinyl chloride offers many advantages over other materials

    Understand the many facets of flow. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook now.

  • Sight Flow Indicators Handbook

    L.J. Star’s new 13-page engineering handbook covers the selection and application of sight flow indicators in chemical and pharmaceutical applications. There are many types of sight flow indicators, and the choice of which type is best for a particular application and process system is discussed in detail. A handy reference for experienced engineers and a useful guide for those new to sight flow indicators, it offers a full overview of sight flow indicators, covering design, materials, types of indication, types of glass, accessories, plus installation and maintenance tips.

  • Chemical Processing’s Flow eHandbook: The Many Facets of Flow

    Issues related to physical properties, process parameters, electronic features and interconnections can all affect the flow of liquids and gases. Chemical Processors know that many factors such as flow rate, material temperature and liquid viscosity can effect how easily, or difficult it is to process flow. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at technologies and strategies for managing flow including: Properly positioning interlock valves - the obvious location may not be the most cost effective How to pick the proper centrifugal pump - the impact of startup conditions and prospective operating points Five important factors for storage tanks and how to determine the right tank for your needs Variable area meters – factors to consider when selecting this device for measuring flow Coriolis flow meters – understand how a straight-tube design provides several advantages for a varnish production application Understand the many facets of flow. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook now.

  • Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook: Best Practices for Flow

    The purpose of installing a flowmeter system is to accurately measure flow in a reliable manner. Issues related to physical properties, process parameters, electronic features, interconnections can all affect the flowmeter performance. This Chemical Processing eHandbook takes a look at technologies and solutions affecting flow as well as the impact of specific regulations on flowmeter systems including:

    • Specifying the right slurry seal – understanding dual-seal and water-management options
    • Ground EMFs with Virtual Reference - New grounding method eases electromagnetic flowmeter installation and minimizes costs
    • Determine Boiler Size Using a Flowmeter - An inline vortex meter reveals the proper steam usage, resulting in significant savings and improved energy efficiency.

  • Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook: Monitoring Flow

    The purpose of installing a flowmeter system is to accurately measure flow in a reliable manner. Issues related to physical properties, process parameters, electronic features and interconnections are often given much consideration. Relatively little emphasis, however, is given as to how well the flowmeter will perform its intended purpose. Adding to the confusion are the differences in how performance is expressed and the incomplete nature of the available information. Nevertheless, the quality of flow measurement should be a concern. This Chemical Processing eHandbook takes a look at technologies and solutions affecting flow including: * Coriolis meters - steps you can take optimize performance when faced with entrained gas * Magmeters -- why you should consider using them * How to achieve effective flow control with centrifugal pumps

  • Carbon Adsorption & Reactivation: Turning Obligation into Opportunity in the Chemical Process Industry

    Chemical, petrochemical, and oil-refining plants are process-intensive operations with regulatory requirements to protect the surrounding water and air from the effects of industrial pollution. This paper reviews activated carbon adsorption, the reactivation process, liquid phase and vapor phase adsorption design guidelines, and typical applications of the technology in industrial/environmental treatment.

    Calgon Carbon
  • Chemical Processing Special Report: Make the Most of Water

    Chemical Processing has taken an in-depth look at just industrial wastewater -- how it is used, processed and potential management and compiled a comprehensive Special Report titled: Make the Most of Water. This informative Special Report covers such topics as:
    • Is water the new carbon -- what path will regulating water take
    • How to optimize water use
    • Micropollutants -- defining, managing, and communicating potential risk
    • More!
    Download your copy.

  • Special Report: Heat Transfer Fluids: Do's, Don'ts, and Best Practices

    Heat transfer fluids -- from mineral oils to synthetic and organic-based formulas -- are the lifeblood of many critical operations within the process industries. This special, interactive PDF looks at how plant personnel can better understand various fluids and fluid properties, and track the performance of their entire heat transfer system.

  • Inerting and Blanketing: New Cost-efficient Solution with Polarographic Sensors

    In this white paper, we review the new possibilities offered by measurement systems based on polarographic technology. Unlike other systems, polarographic sensors are built directly into the process gas stream, eliminating the need for cumbersome gas sampling and conditioning systems. Further, polarographic sensors require very little maintenance.

    Mettler Toledo
  • Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sight Glass Application Handbook

    20-page Sight Glass Application Handbook is a convenient reference for experienced engineers and a great primer for those new to sight glass selection. It offers a full overview of sight glasses for chemical processes, including types of glass, construction, lighting, installation and maintenance.

  • Spray Gas Quench Design Considerations

    The use of spray nozzles to rapidly cool or quench gas streams is an essential application in many industrial processes, such as chemical reaction vessels, incineration, and power plant absorber gas inlet. An optimized spray quench design requires engineering analysis of the operating environment, spray nozzle performance and process reliability. This technical paper describes the design considerations for spray gas quench systems such as nozzle selection, process control, system configuration and reliability. Application of this knowledge can result in a gas quench system that operates efficiently and reliably with reduced vessel size, reduced atomization energy consumption, and minimized downtime, to achieve capital and operational cost savings for your process.

    Bete Fog
  • Design Considerations for High Liquid Rate Tray Applications

    Except for a few odd services, high liquid rate applications are typically the domain of either trays or random packings. Aside from the distributors, random packing designs are rather straightforward with the designer choosing the proper size to accommodate the fluid flow rates and achieve the desired efficiency. Trays, on the other hand, have a large variety of adjustable parameters and can be especially complex, especially when designed for high liquid rate applications.

    Sulzer Chemtech USA, Inc.
  • Removing Liquid From Gas

    Liquid entrainment in a gas stream can be a disturbance in many industrial processes. In natural-gas processing, higher-order hydrocarbons, water or impurities have to be separated from the main methane stream. Upstream of gas compressors, droplets that can damage the impellers, have to be removed. With the recently acquired Knitmesh technology and the strategic alliance with Shell Global Solutions, Sulzer Chemtech can supply a broad portfolio of advanced, tailor-made systems for gas/liquid separation to customers in all industries.

    Sulzer Chemtech USA
  • Pitfalls of pump piping

    This white paper goes over the three major problems associated with poor pump piping and provides five rules to follow in order to avoid future pitfalls.

    Ross Mackay Associates Ltd.
  • Oxygen in cell culture/venting ozonated vessels

    This white paper outlines trends and opportunities for gasket standardization in processing plants ... including the potential for more reliable sealing, cost savings, inventory reduction, easier installation and safety practices. Steps are outlined for achieving success in gasket standardization across steel, glass-lined and FRP piping.

    W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc.
  • V-Cone flow meter test results | Chemical Processing

    The American Petroleum Institute Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards published the results of flow meter tests at the Southwest Research Institute and Utah State University.

    Southwest Research Institute
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