Water is a critical utility at process plants, often serving both as a heating and a cooling medium. Many process plants rely on this water for processing and other applications. Providing the water, usually by heating via steam coils or direct steam injection nozzles, takes significant energy. In this Chemical Processing WasteWater we take a look at water best practices including:
How to cut energy consumption in water systems in both hot and cold water applications
Polymer piping - we identify benefits over metallic systems
TOC analysis challenges - techniques that address barriers to standard online TOC measurement methods
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Economic growth, industrialization and population growth are driving the increasing demand for water, while factors such as climate change, pollution and regulation are affecting the supply and costs related to water.” The chemical industry, being highly water intensive, certainly is exposed to water-related risks. Any efforts to manage these risks and capitalize on opportunities begin with the measurement and appreciation of how water may impact business, followed by the development of strategies to protect the business both now and in the future. In this Chemical Processing Special Report we take a look at water challenges and potential solutions for chemical processors including:
Water-related risks and opportunities
How chemical makers strive to cut water consumption and improve treatment
Chemical makers increasingly are focusing on water-related issues. In particular, concern over availability is spurring leading operating companies to implement a host of novel strategies and technologies to optimize water use. In this Chemical Processing Special Report we take a look at what it takes for chemical companies to identify and implement water conservation strategies and practices including:
Operating companies step up conservation and re-use efforts - real world example
Tank cleaning - how a more-effective method can offer significant water conservation benefits
Treating and reusing process water is a multidimensional challenge for process plants. Compliance with regulatory requirements to prevent and mitigate industrial pollution can require significant capital investment as well as ongoing maintenance outlays. The increasing scarcity and cost of fresh water for production processes also compounds the problem. In this Chemical Processing Wastewater eHandbook we take a look at how to widen your perspective on wastewater including:
Optimizing water cleanup with activated carbon - including a few pointers to make the most of absorption systems
Improving plant performance with solids/turbidity monitoring - how continuous monitoring in the liquid processes stages of a wastewater treatment plant offers important benefits
How to solve partially filled pipe flow measurement challenges
How variable frequency drives can reduce installation and programming costs while providing a host of other benefits
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Breakdown of organic wastes entering a wastewater treatment plant is accomplished by using a biomass or blend of beneficial microscopic organisms, bacteria, and solids. This converts the nonsettleable solids (dissolved and colloidal matter) into settleable solids, carbon dioxide, water, and energy. This paper reviews the most common stages for measuring and controlling dissolved oxygen in a wastewater treatment plant.
In recent years, TOC analysis has become accepted in the industry as the standard method and the only reliable online method used to determine contamination in waters, to control processes, to prevent product losses and to minimize waste. It is especially important to monitor this parameter in applications such as condensate return water, boiler/feed water, etc. In boiler/feed water and in industrial steam generating systems, carbonic acid corrosion of condensate lines is often a serious problem. Depending on the application type, analysis of only one parameter (e.g., TC) is generally not sufficient to make any useful process decisions. Multiple-parameter analysis (TOC, TC, TIC, VOC etc.), as carried out in the Hach BioTector B3500c analyzer, is proven to be more useful and always superior to single-parameter analysis in the industry.
The most commonly used compound in the chemical industry is water – not only as a solvent in processing, but also as an energy carrier in the cooling or heating cycle. As vast amounts of water are needed, chemical industries are often located close to large bodies of flowing water. Water used as processing or cooling water is cleaned and subsequently led back to the river or stream. For environmental protection, these waters are subject to specific control and monitoring measures. As the total organic carbon (TOC) non-specifically detects all organic compounds, this parameter has proven to be invaluable here. This booklet introduces a variety of industry-specific applications, and how Shimadzu can provide TOC analyzers to meet specific chemical application needs.
Chemical facilities are under mounting pressure to process ever larger quantities of wastewater to increasingly higher standards while staying within a variety of cost constraints. Plant operators face the dilemma of how to maintain treatment throughput at reasonable cost even when the plant reaches design capacity. Potential changes to production mixes can compound the challenge. Fortunately, adopting the latest wastewater-treatment technology can inject new life into a plant, extending useful asset life without heavy upfront capital investment. In this Chemical Processing Wastewater eHandbook we take a look at how to boost wastewater improvement efforts including:
An exploration of an innovative system that enables wastewater capacity expansion
Why chemical makers are increasingly focusing on water-related risks and opportunities
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Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC) is emerging as the material of choice for pipe and fittings in water and waste applications with an increasing number of engineers adding it to their in-house specs. They are finding that CPVC is highly resistant to microbes and chemicals used throughout the process and it boasts lower installation costs.
Bristol-Myers Squibb manually monitored dissolved oxygen (DO) periodically and ran aeration blowers more than necessary to guard against variable loading rates. After upgrading the system to use online DO monitoring operators now have continuous DO readings in the aeration tanks, substantially reducing energy and maintenance costs.
Chemical makers increasingly are focusing on water-related issues. In particular, concern over availability is spurring leading operating companies to implement a host of novel strategies and technologies to optimize water use. Chemical makers are implementing strategies and solutions to scale back on their overall usage of water, reuse water and put clean water back in to circulation. In this ChemicalProcessing Water Optimization eHandbook we take a look at how chemical companies are dealing with water challenges
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Automated water jetting removes hardened deposits from tanks and reactors quickly and thoroughly, saving hours of downtime and getting tanks back into service sooner. A new white paper explains high-pressure water jetting, introduces typical equipment, and compares the process with other methods.
For chemical processors, the use of water in their processing can correlate to significant costs. Cost, coupled with an increasing focus on the environmental impact of both water usage and wastewater creation, are challenging processors to take a closer look at both their consumption of water and production of wastewater. Wide-ranging water optimization efforts, from fixing pipe leaks to minimizing cooling tower blowdown, are providing significant savings to chemical makers, but there’s more. In this ChemicalProcessing Water/Wastewate eHandbook we take a look at how to deal with water challenges including:
• Reducing water consumption and increase recycling – including examples of achievement and strategies from BASF, Air Products, Eli Lilly & Co, and Pfizer • RO Membranes: proactive steps can maximize life and performance for water purification • More!
Product losses and energy and waste treatment costs can be reduced significantly with Total Organic Carbon (TOC) monitoring. Reducing product loss results in savings in raw materials, energy consumption, and in water treatment charges. This means more products in production and less product in the waste water treatment plant.
Chemical Processing has taken an in-depth look at just industrial wastewater -- how it is used, processed and potential management and compiled a comprehensive Special Report titled: Make the Most of Water. This informative Special Report covers such topics as:
Is water the new carbon -- what path will regulating water take
How to optimize water use
Micropollutants -- defining, managing, and communicating potential risk
For years chemicals makers have tracked the health of key equipment yet they still grapple with unplanned outages that can significantly impact financial performance through lost production and extra repair costs. In this Special Report, we'll explore underlying condition monitoring challenges and introduce the concept of condition management -- an enhanced approach that helps companies reap the full benefit from their condition monitoring investments; we'll also discuss how CMMS tools can help to provide a clear understanding of maintenance operations performance as well as provide some guidance on what you can expect from a CMMS vendor. Lastly, listen to the lively discussion between Chemical Processing's Senior Digital Editor,Traci Purdum, and Edgewater Fullscope's Senior Vice President, Russell Smith, as they converse on how ERP can help manage the supply chain.
Heat exchanger efficiency is a critical factor in processing productivity, and tube bundles must be kept clear of deposits to maintain that efficiency. Automated high-pressure water jetting systems, with flexible or rigid lances, remove deposits 75% to 90% faster than manual methods and are more operator-friendly.