Process Engineering White Papers

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  • Methods of determining safety integrity level (SIL)

    This 17-page whitepaper discusses the application of two popular methods of determining SIL requirements – risk graph methods and layer of protection analysis (LOPA) – to process industry installations.

    4-sight consulting
    04/19/2005
  • Technical handbook from Magnetrol

    This technical handbook from Magnetrol gives important conversions, chemical properties, equivalents and pipe data.

    Magnetrol
    04/04/2005
  • Understanding alarm management

    This nine-page PDF whitepaper discusses the pitfalls of alarm management and how mistakes in the past have been quite costly. It then addresses these mistakes and gives an overview of proper alarm management.

    4-sight Consulting
    02/10/2005
  • How to control a process with long dead time

    A process with a large dead time presents a special challenge for a controller --  any controller. This short paper explains how to get the best control of large dead time processes.

    ExperTune
    01/11/2005
  • Theory and practice of pH measurement

    This 43-page guide covers the basic mechanism of pH measurement, the structure of the sensor and its fundamental limitations, and also provides installation, maintenance and troubleshooting guidance.

    Rosemount Analytical
    01/04/2005
  • Level measurement of bulk solids and powders

    This 26-page white paper from Monitor Technologies discusses the difficulties in measuring bulk solids and powders in bins, silos and hoppers.  Download this document to learn which technologies are out there that can make this job easier.

    Monitor Technologies
    01/03/2005
  • Tracing the accuracy of calibration gases

    Calibrating your instruments using specialty gas will only yield results as accurate as your gas mixture. This three-page white paper discusses analytic traceability and how it relates to gas mixture accuracy.

    12/29/2004
  • Security Vulnerability Analysis

    Plant security is a key priority at many plants. This 10-page paper provides background what the methodology for a plant vulnerability analysis involves. It covers topics such as how to get started, available tools, and risk assessment.

    12/02/2004
  • Ziegler-Nichols Tuning Rules And Limitations

    The standard reference for PID tuning seems to be the Ziegler-Nichols tuning rules developed in 1942 on a pneumatic controller. Here is how to tune a controller using these rules.

    ExperTune
    11/19/2004
  • RFID in Manufacturing

    In the wake of a Wal-Mart mandate requiring top suppliers to put Radio Frequency Indentification (RFID) tags on cases and pallets of consumer goods by January 2005, Rockwell Automation offers this white paper to help educate manufacturers on how to maximize their investment in RFID technology throughout their enterprise and supply chains. The paper provides a practical guide to extracting measurable value from RFID implementations in plant and warehousing operations.

    10/21/2004
  • Layered Security in Plant Control Environments

    Process control vendors are migrating plant control technologies to more open network and operating environments. This White Paper explains how layered security can be accomplished by adopting a "best practices" model, developing and implementing an access control plan, and compartmentalizing the network.

    Ensuren Corp.
    10/15/2004
  • Application of Fingerprints to Increase Security

    This 9-page paper summarizes the various applications and benefits of the use of fingerprints to restrict access to information and transactions. It covers access via the Internet and other networks as well as physical access.

    10/15/2004
  • Control System Security: Interacting with IT

    Operations staff and plant engineers also have a keen interest in the security of control networks. They are responsible for the reliability, availability, safety and integrity of the process. Their facilities are the ones producing products and earning revenues, so their concerns, priorities and knowledge must also be considered when determining security options.

    10/15/2004
  • Achieve 21 CFR Part 11 Compliance

    This technical white paper discusses Yokogawa’s CENTUM CS 3000 R3 DCS (Distributed Control System) product and the extent of its compliance with Part 11 of Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations (21 CFR Part 11), the Electronic Records/Electronic Signatures Rule.

    10/12/2004
  • Succeed at Alarm Management

    Today's control system make it easy to add alarms. The result has been a proliferation of alarms that can overwhelm an operator and actually obscure situations that really require immediate attention. This paper provides practical guidance on effective procedures that can significantly reduce nuisance alarms and improve operator effectiveness.

    D. Shook, PhD, P.Eng., Matrikon, Inc.
    10/11/2004
  • Selecting Transmitters for Safety Instrumented Systems

    This paper presents best practices that allow the user to quantify the impact of real-world failure causes and to take credit for improvements in system design. Besides selection, it also covers installation and maintenance.

    DuPont Fluoroproducts and Rosemount Inc
    08/27/2004
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