Process Engineering White Papers

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  • Process Control Network Security - Reference Architecture

    This document describes best practices for the reference architecture for a process control system network and its interfaces to a corporate network. The paper’s objective is to give the reader an understanding of the techniques utilized to securely connect these networks.

    Invensys
    01/11/2006
  • Securing Process Control Network External Communications

    In the real world, sharing PCN data with external systems and accessing PCN systems from external sources is fast becoming a business necessity. This paper provides some generic guidelines for enabling secure connectivity between PCNs and external systems.

    Honeywell
    09/16/2005
  • Hazard Communication Guidelines for Compliance

    OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) is based on a simple concept—that employees have both a need and a right to know the hazards and identities of the chemicals they are exposed to when working.

    OSHA
    08/30/2005
  • Taking Toxics Out of the Air

    This 34-page PDF white paper discusses the technology and performance-based standards implemented by the EPA during the last 10 years and how they will assist in removing harmful toxins from the air.

    Enivironmental Protection Agency
    06/28/2005
  • Security vulnerability assessment revealed

    Plant security is a key priority at many plants. This 10-page paper provides background what the methodology for a plant vulnerability analysis involves. It covers topics such as how to get started, available tools, and risk assessment.

    ioMosiac
    04/21/2005
  • Methods of determining safety integrity level (SIL)

    This 17-page whitepaper discusses the application of two popular methods of determining SIL requirements – risk graph methods and layer of protection analysis (LOPA) – to process industry installations.

    4-sight consulting
    04/19/2005
  • Understanding alarm management

    This nine-page PDF whitepaper discusses the pitfalls of alarm management and how mistakes in the past have been quite costly. It then addresses these mistakes and gives an overview of proper alarm management.

    4-sight Consulting
    02/10/2005
  • Level measurement of bulk solids and powders

    This 26-page white paper from Monitor Technologies discusses the difficulties in measuring bulk solids and powders in bins, silos and hoppers.  Download this document to learn which technologies are out there that can make this job easier.

    Monitor Technologies
    01/03/2005
  • Understand the hazards of flammable liquid spills

    This short paper discusses the risks of flash fires and pool fires from spills of flammable liquids, preventative measures, as well as how to avoid hazards during the clean up of such spills.

    Chilworth Technology
    12/09/2004
  • Continuous PHA Revalidation

    A process hazard analysis must be revalidated every five years. This paper discusses the merits of a new approach aimed at increasing the effectiveness of PHAs, called Continuous PHA revalidation.

    12/03/2004
  • Facility Major Risk Survey

    This 8-page primer describes a method for identification of major acute risks in existing process facilities that can potentially affect on-site and off-site populations and for prioritization of mitigation methods.

    ioMosaic
    12/02/2004
  • Security Vulnerability Analysis

    Plant security is a key priority at many plants. This 10-page paper provides background what the methodology for a plant vulnerability analysis involves. It covers topics such as how to get started, available tools, and risk assessment.

    12/02/2004
  • Relief Design for Reactive Systems – Get the Facts

    This 15-page paper focuses on the additional degrees of complexity that reactive systems pose for emergency relief systems. It covers topics such as how to screen for reactivity and what practices, standards and regulations should be followed, as well as a host of other issues.

    12/02/2004
  • Why Process Safety Management Audits Fail

    Most companies have completed at least three process safety management(PSM) compliance audits of their covered facilities since the promulgation of the OSHA PSM standard. These companies, however, are not seeing noticeable improvements in their PSM programs. In fact, many companies feel that their PSM programs have become less effective. What has happened and why? Are there any lessons learned from the Enron collapse and its auditing program? What needs to be done?

    ioMosaic
    10/22/2004
  • Risk-Based Process Safety Design

    Safe design has long been a priority in the process industries. A safe design basis, together with a formal safety management system and safety practices, procedures, and training, is critical for providing that level of confidence required for risk management. The goal of process safety management is to consistently reduce risk to a level that can be tolerated by all concerned. A systematic, risk-based approach to safety design can help eliminate hazards that pose intolerable risk from the process and mitigate the potential consequences of hazards.

    10/22/2004
  • Understanding Regulated Health and Safety Standards--Part 1

    This paper provides the viewpoint of the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), a private not-for-profit, non-governmental corporation open to all industrial hygienists or other occupational health and safety professionals. The authors have the opinion that there are misunderstandings about the use of regulated health and safety standards. In part one of this article, they provide some information on how regulations are formed and advice on using these values to conduct business. Employers and employees need this fundamental understanding to make informed health and safety decisions. This information is also useful for guiding public decisions about everyday toxic exposures.

    10/22/2004
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