Process Engineering White Papers

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  • eHandbook: Make the Right Moves with Powders

    When designing a system to transport powders and granules there is a wide variety of considerations. Different applications, installation environments, equipment, material characteristics and how they may change during the process are all part of the equation. While many plants aim to keep costs low and often times use old equipment for a new project this can also further compound a complex challenge. And that's not even taking in to consideration our increased awareness of the risks of an explosion and the need to avoid hazardous emissions. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at key considerations affecting today’s best practices for transporting and processing powders and granules including:

    • Installing pneumatic conveyors correctly - 10 steps to prevent a variety of common problems
    • How to understand accuracy in a bin level monitoring system
    • Tubular drag conveying - an alternative to pneumatic conveying
    • Vacuum Conveying equipment and the issues of safety, security and sanitation

    Learn how to process powders efficiently. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.

    08/13/2014
  • Chemical Processing’s Powder eHandbook: Make the Most of Powder Processes

    Powders developed to meet certain product performance targets often suffer from inconsistent and unpredictable flow. The reasons for this are many. A material's characteristics - adhesiveness, cohesiveness, aeratability, pressure-sensitivity - often change during processing and can cause flow problems to crop up. Couple this with changes in the processes themselves and costly downtime can be the result. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at strategies and solutions for overcoming powder processing challenges including:

    • Making the most of flow additives - understand their impact on overall powder behavior to optimize flow
    • Improving performance of gravimetric feeders - tips to avoid poor accuracy and frequent downtime
    • Protecting against combustible dust explosion - economical approaches for protecting spray dryer processes and solutions

    Make the most of your powder processes. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.
     

    04/24/2014
  • Tips for Improving the Performance of Your Gravimetric Feeder

    Download the white paper to receive information on maximizing the performance of your gravimetric feeder. You will receive tips on how to choose and set up the right feeder for the specific material being fed in your process. Handling free flowing, adhesive, cohesive, aeratable, hygroscopic and pressure sensitive materials plus ways on where and how to properly install a gravimetric feeder are discussed.

    Schenck
    03/18/2014
  • Powder Processing Best Practices

    A material’s characteristics and how they may change during processing can affect HOW these materials are processed. Key factors affecting powders include aeration, moisture absorption, electrostatic charging to name a few. Many bulk solids are sensitive to heat and humidity. As these levels rise, either in the feeder system or via outside conditions, flow problems crop up. As the powder gains strength, jams and poor flow conditions begin to appear. Costly downtime and a loss of product are incurred while a search is made for a solution to the flow problems. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at key factors affecting powders and today’s best practices for overcoming the processing of powders including:
     

    • Looking beyond the physical properties of particles and treating powder as a bulk entity
    • How scanners take volume to a new level - acoustics-based sensors can help accurately measure the volume of powders in vessels
    • How to determine a coating’s volatile content  - advancements in rapid loss-on-drying techniques significantly reduce testing time
    • Testing powder flow - advances in test methods help better predict flow behavior at elevated temperature and humidity levels

    Learn how to process powders efficiently. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.

    02/19/2014
  • Understanding Dust Explosion Dangers

    The unfortunate propensity of dust explosions to destroy entire facilities and claim lives is very real. Powder handling processes often are comprised of interconnected enclosures and equipment. Flame and pressure resulting from a dust explosion can therefore propagate through piping, across galleries, and reach other pieces of equipment or enclosures, leading to extensive damage. In this Chemical Processing Special Report, we take a look at the latest NFPA standards and dust explosion mitigation strategies. This Special Report covers:
     

    • Significant revisions to dust explosion standards – NFPA 654 major changes include new administrative requirements
    • How to defuse dust dangers - carefully consider and then counter risks of fire and explosion
    • Five common dust explosion misconceptions that can lead to a false sense of security

    Prepare your facility against potential dust explosion dangers. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Special Report now.

    12/17/2013
  • Powder eHandbook: Efficient Powder Process Handling

    The mechanisms of powder flow are complex. They are influenced by an array of different parameters; some relate to the particles’ physical attributes, such as size and shape, and others, such as humidity, to the system itself. Although there is a general understanding of these individual mechanisms, the multitude of interactions that govern the specific behavior of a given powder can many and in turn, affect how these powders are processed. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at technologies and strategies for handling powders including:
    • How to Optimize Humidity for Efficient Powder Handling - too much or too little moisture can cause problems during processing and storage
    • How to Select the Right Conveying and Feeding System - successful bulk handling of calcium carbonate depends on a variety of factors
    • Suppressing Explosions for Process Protection - A properly designed and engineered suppression system offers many advantages
    Learn how to process powders efficiently. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.

    11/12/2013
  • Chemical Processing’s Powder eHandbook: Tips for Successful Powder Processing

    Powders and the dust they create have a tendency to create a myriad of material handling headaches. For example, dust can wreak havoc on the performance and accuracy of many level sensors, rendering them inaccurate and unreliable. Powder particles under the influence of gravity can become compacted resulting in inter-particle friction that may prevent flow movement. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we offer a few tips for optimizing powder processing.

    08/12/2013
  • 7 Applications You Didn’t Know Were Compatible with Microwave

    Microwave energy in chemical processing has really come of age over the past few years. Many companies are experiencing the benefits that microwave offers over conventional drying technologies. Other functions include: sterilization, pasteurization, cooking, tempering, dehydration and heating. While you may have guessed a few of the applications we’re profiling, or may even work with them yourself, we hope at least one or two applications off our list will catch your eye and perhaps start you thinking. • Analytical Chemistry • Treatment of Biomass & Biosolids • Powder Processing Carbon Black Animal Blood Plasma Powdered Eggs • Pyrolysis for Recycling & Waste-to-Energy Plastics and Rubber Farm Waste • Petro Chemicals Frac Sand Grease Processing • Minerals

    Marion Mixers
    06/18/2013
  • Chemical Processing’s Powder eHandbook: Optimize Powder Processing

    Some chemical makers are missing opportunities to reduce operating costs and increase profits because they aren’t striving to re-engineer and streamline their processes. A plant often can achieve substantial benefits through simplified steps that do more and work better with less complexity. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at strategies and solutions for optimizing powder processing including: • Streamlining the chemical processing process – enhancing operations by removing complexities that creep in over time • Suppression systems – How a properly designed and engineered suppression system offers many advantages including explosion aversion • Mitigating the impact of uncertainty - how the correct weighing system and a proper maintenance schedule can ensure accuracy Learn strategies for optimizing your powder processing. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.

    05/15/2013
  • Mixing Solutions and Slurries -- Effectively, Economically and Safely

    Effectively mixing liquids and solids to create an optimal slurry is one of the perpetual challenges in the chemical industry. This case study demonstrates how an eductor-based mixing system can effectively handle a wide range of materials, utilizing the least amount of floor space, energy and human resources to achieve an optimized process. In addition, the eductor mixing system offers increased efficiencies over a conventional system of mixing by allowing solutions and slurries to be made on demand – as opposed to pre-mixed in large holding tanks. Another important benefit is the system limits exposure to operators, and mitigates issues of delivering solid material in a large vapor space. The design flexibility of an educator-based mixing system offers a high level of customization.

    05/14/2013
  • Chemical Processing’s Powder eHandbook: Process Powders with Ease

    Processing powders can be tricky. During processing, powder properties can be affected by many different factors including if the materials are stored for long periods, if the materials are exposed to moisture, and by fluctuations in the mechanical processes that handle powders. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at technologies and strategies for handling powders including: Options for large drivers – with a focus on variable-speed electric motors Innovative level measurement technologies How shear cell instruments and relative humidity tests can determine a powders flow behavior Indoor flameless venting – how modern technology can help eliminate the risk of damage and reduce maintenance costs Learn how to process powders with ease. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.

    02/15/2013
  • Optimizing the Mixing of Powders into Liquids – Dust-free Induction and Dispersion

    Mixing of powders into liquids should be relatively easy. You pour powder onto the liquid's surface and then mix it in. However, this mixing can be very troublesome in production. This paper examines the various factors involved with mixing powders into liquids and how to avoid potential problems.

    Powder Technologies, Inc.
    10/22/2012
  • CP Powder eHandbook: Effective Powder Processing

    As many chemical processors know, processing powders can be tricky. Powder properties can be affected if the materials are stored for long periods. Powders can be compressed, vibrated, aerated and exposed to moisture. And specific processes like granulation, blending, drying, milling, lubricating and compression put requirements on how powders can be handled. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at how to effectively process powder including:
    • Compression dryers – the case for choosing a solution that produces optimal air quality and low energy consumption
    • GHS – understanding the requirements and what it means to chemicals processors
    • Predicting powder flow behavior
    • Vibratory screen cleaning methods
    • Fine powder flushing - eliminating a common bin-afflicting problem caused by trapped air
    • Tubular Drag Conveying Technology – an alternative to pneumatic conveying
    • Addressing dust hazards – including explosions

    08/28/2012
  • Fired Up: Combustible Dust Raises Explosive Issues

    Combustible dust fires happen in plants everyday. This white paper helps manufacturers learn more about combustible dust hazards and ways to handle combustible dust in your manufacturing plant in order to comply with OSHA's NEP. Learn more about choosing the right cleaning tools for your facility.

    Nilfisk Industrial Vacuums
    07/25/2012
  • CP Powder eHandbook: Tips for Effective and Safe Handling of Solids

    One of the trickiest materials to process, solids are comprised of powders or particulates, a continuous gaseous phase (usually air) and, almost always, a liquid component. Processors that handle solids know only too well the types of throughput problems that come up on a recurring basis. Effective, economical and safe slurry management; flowability during processing, accurate inventory and volume level management are all very real challenges faced by processors of solids. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at how to effectively handle solids including:
    • Properly accounting for how bulk solids actually will flow in a vessel or overall process -- we take a look at some simple parameters that can often provide a good sense of flowability
    • Strategies for avoiding slurry trouble
    • Mitigating pipe segment force imbalances with Reactor Excursion and Leakage Analysis Program
    • Acoustics-based level measurement for accurate powder measurement in bins, tanks and silos
    • Explosion protection methods including suppression, isolation and venting

    05/01/2012
  • Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook: Succeed at Solids Handling

    One of the trickiest materials to process, solids are comprised of powders or particulates, a continuous gaseous phase (usually air) and, almost always, a liquid component. Processors that handle solids know only too well the types of throughput problems that come up on a recurring basis. Clumping; effective, economical and safe slurry mixing; dust management and dust explosion risk mitigation are all very real challenges faced by processors of solids. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at how to effectively handle solids including:
    • Clumping – the 10 most common sources of agglomeration in bulk solids and how to effectively manage them
    • Strategies for optimal slurry mixing
    • Level management detection in storage vessels
    • Dust explosion risks – how to identify and mitigate when processing solids
    • Managing solid cohesiveness with flow strategies

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.

     

    02/13/2012
  • Gas And Dust Explosions -- Relief Sizing Formula

    A large number of analytical and highly empirical correlations including monograms reflecting changing standards have been or are being proposed separately for gas and dust explosion relief venting. This white paper provides a generalized formula that is applicable to both gas and dust deflagrations including subsonic and sonic pressure relief conditions and is consistent with available experimental data and industry experience. Application of the model is illustrated for dust explosions. Download now.

    Fauske & Associates
    05/06/2011
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