Except for a few odd services, high liquid rate applications are typically the domain of either trays or random packings. Aside from the distributors, random packing designs are rather straightforward with the designer choosing the proper size to accommodate the fluid flow rates and achieve the desired efficiency. Trays, on the other hand, have a large variety of adjustable parameters and can be especially complex, especially when designed for high liquid rate applications.
Liquid entrainment in a gas stream can be a disturbance in many industrial processes. In natural-gas processing, higher-order hydrocarbons, water or impurities have to be separated from the main methane stream. Upstream of gas compressors, droplets that can damage the impellers, have to be removed. With the recently acquired Knitmesh technology and the strategic alliance with Shell Global Solutions, Sulzer Chemtech can supply a broad portfolio of advanced, tailor-made systems for gas/liquid separation to customers in all industries.
This white paper outlines trends and opportunities for gasket standardization in processing plants ... including the potential for more reliable sealing, cost savings, inventory reduction, easier installation and safety practices. Steps are outlined for achieving success in gasket standardization across steel, glass-lined and FRP piping.
Maintaining a competitive edge is becoming more difficult as energy costs continue to rise. By investing in sustainable buildings, manufacturers are improving bottom-line business performance and creating value through integrated financial, environmental and social strategies and measurements.
Dow Chemical maintains thousands of batch control systems world-wide built on its proprietary MOD 5 computer system. Over decades, they have been meticulous to preserve and enhance these systems. Dow intends to preserve and reap the rewards of this diligence by developing reverse engineering best practices and tools to migrate this intellectual property to next-generation platforms.
Batch manufacturing systems must maintain the status of equipment, including which are available, dirty, out of service, etc. In industries that enforce Good Manufacturing Practices (GMPs), additional status types and values for process equipment must be maintained. Rules associated with the equipment status can be complex and involve the equipment class, current equipment state and time in the current
state. This paper covers the operator interface used to review the equipment status and the interlocking requirements between the recipe and batch phases based on multiple status types.
This white paper outlines trends and opportunities for gasket standardization in processing plants ... including steps outlining how to achieve gasket standardization across steel, glass-lined and FRP piping.
The power industry is susceptible to a variety
of cyber threats, which can wreak havoc on control systems. Management, engineering and IT must commit to a comprehensive approach that encompasses threat prevention,
detection and elimination.
This document describes best practices for the reference architecture for a process control system network and its interfaces to a corporate network. The papers objective is to give the reader an understanding of the techniques utilized to securely connect these networks.
Advanced diagnostics, some of which are available today, will go beyond alarming transmitter
failures to actually predict impending failures in the complete measurement system. This will
significantly reduce unscheduled shutdowns, and also reduce the risk of onscale failure.
This white paper discusses SONAR-based, clamp-on gas volume fraction meters which recently have been introduced to the industry that provide an accurate, real time, measurement of entrained gases. Coupling entrained gas volume fraction monitor with most types of process density meters, enables accurate determination of liquid and the liquid-solid components of aerated mixtures.
Automation designers face many challenges and tradeoffs in the development of a successful network solution. This white paper discusses the necessary choices in selecting a network technology appropriate for various specific applications.