Reliability programs are now standard business practice in companies that rely heavily on machines, equipment and other physical assets. However, plants are continually challenged in identifying new and cost-effective ways to ensure their assets are performing and that they are managing to minimize operational risks. In this Chemical Processing Reliability eHandbook we take a look at proactive approaches for improving reliability and maintenance in today’s processing plant including:
Rotating equipment - how to take advantage of improved internals and better seals
Meeting process requirements and protecting equipment with strainers
Insights from surface temperature measurements and the critical role IR thermography is to maintenance
Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Reliability eHandbook now.
Process design and process safety are critical considerations in chemical production and processing. With design and safety paramount at the outset of any new development or equipment retrofit, firms can minimize risk exposure, maximize productivity and position themselves to remain compliant and competitive. Whether retrofit or new, chemical processing is continually challenged by combustible dust. Combustible dust can pose a hidden hazard when accumulation occurs in unseen locations such as in mechanical spaces, above false ceiling, ventilation systems and dust collection systems. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at strategies and solutions for mitigating combustible dust hazards including:
Identifying hidden hazards - a case study outlining how a facility finds danger from accumulated dust and effectively addresses it
Powder flowability - how new measurement methods now make it easier to evaluate flow
Process safety - properly designed weigh model can optimize safety and improve efficiency
A multivariate approach to powder processing - an overview of several methods that can help determine which powder properties have the greatest influence on performance
Learn how to preclude powder problems. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.
When thinking of the processing of chemicals, we think of any activity including storing, using, handling, manufacturing, or moving chemicals at a site, and any combination of these activities. A common state in many of these activities is the flow - or rate - at which the chemicals are moving through a process. Accurately measuring flow can be a challenge for many chemical processors since so many factors can influence the chemical properties and subsequently the rate of flow. In this Chemical Processing Pressure eHandbook, we discuss considerations for flow management including:
Pressure transmitters - how noise can pinpoint process problems
The use of orifice plates - how insufficient flow conditioning often undermines measurement accuracy
Robust Inferential Sensors - easier-to-develop-and-maintain sensors offer significant benefits for chemical processes
Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Pressure eHandbook now.
More than 25% of maintenance done today is unnecessary and can introduce additional failure risks. Developing and implementing predictive maintenance strategies and practices can lead to improved safety and reduced operating costs. In this Chemical Processing eHandbook, we take a look at strategies and solutions for overcoming predictive maintenance challenges including:
Asset management software - identifying the most relevant and accurate data on which to build maintenance and repair strategies
The importance of maintenance on smaller component - using gauges as early warning devices can improve uptime, safety and profits
Uncovering important insights from your data and the use of statistics such as regression analysis for emulating pump curves or control valves
Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Predictive Maintenance eHandbook now.
Calcium Sulfate (CaSO4) more commonly known as gypsum is a naturally occurring white crystalline mineral that has many different uses and applications. Gypsum in its hydrated form (CaSO4•2H2O) is used in the construction industry for fire resistance in buildings. Outside of the construction industry, gypsum is used in the food and fertilizer industry for calcium and sulfate fortification respectively. When gypsum is no longer usable, it is deposited in construction and demolition(C&D) landfills where anaerobic (low oxygen) conditions and the presence of sulfate-reducing bacteria promote the decomposition of wallboard/gypsum into hydrogen sulfide gas (H2S). Due to local and state regulations on odor control, these C&D sites monitor their fill for hydrogen sulfide gas. This paper will couple two methods of analysis to observe the relationship between the purity of gypsum (calcium sulfate dihydrate) and hydrogen sulfide concentration as a sample is fermented by sulfate-reducing agents (e.g. bacteria). The scope of this research may be beneficial for industrial hygienists concerned with C&D landfill H2S levels or for incoming gypsum processing plants who suspect poor quality gypsum.
Breakdown of organic wastes entering a wastewater treatment plant is accomplished by using a biomass or blend of beneficial microscopic organisms, bacteria, and solids. This converts the nonsettleable solids (dissolved and colloidal matter) into settleable solids, carbon dioxide, water, and energy. This paper reviews the most common stages for measuring and controlling dissolved oxygen in a wastewater treatment plant.
Energy consumption remains one of the largest controllable costs in oil refineries. Heat exchanger fouling can have a significant impact on energy efficiency and production loss. Asphaltene Precipitation is caused when refiners blend incompatible crudes. This is a major source of fouling and leads to performance limitations within days. Heat exchanger fouling is a major challenge for refinery operations. With the increase in crude blending from opportunity crudes such as tight oil, the traditional “manual” monitoring approach may no longer be effective. This White Paper discusses how on-line monitoring and analysis can enable refineries to:
Better Understand Accelerated Fouling Due to Crude Incompatibilities
Learn How to Use Online Monitoring to Detect Fouling
Corrosion, leak detection and mitigation, flow pressure and volume are all factors that maintenance managers and other decision makers need to contend with as they manage flow at their chemical processing plants. In this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook, we delve in to solutions and strategies for managing these challenges including:
Leak management - treat them as calls for action against the underlying problem
VFDs for centrifugal pumps - such drives may provide energy savings and avoid operating problems
Dealing with corrosion - piping made of high-performance plastic provides unmatched performance and longevity
Ceramic in electromagnetic flow meters - material used for measuring tubes offers high performance, longevity and a host of other benefits
Learn more about these best flow practices. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook now.
Tank cleaning has always been viewed as a necessary evil for manufacturers. During the cleaning process, a significant amount of resources (time, chemicals, water, electric and labor) is required between batches to ensure a reliable, uncontaminated, quality batch is produced. Although these repeating expenditures have a significant effect on the bottom line, many chemical manufacturers continue to rely on outdated processing for cleaning, not realizing the potential opportunity for substantial cost reductions and revenue recovery through CIP optimization.This whitepaper includes specific case studies on the benefits of rotary impingement and CIP optimization vs. the standard tank cleaning processes. These benefits include drastic savings in time and water usage as well as employee safety.
Medium voltage VFDs are high cost, high consideration assets that greatly improve process control and efficiency in manufacturing facilities. It is vital that you and your company understand the TCO of this asset. Download the white paper for more information.
This concise, compelling overview of best practices in purchasing and maintaining ethylene valve packages is an essential read for industry professionals. The white paper will tell you how to: 1) Select the right seats and seals; 2) Select the right coating materials; 3) Know the quality of the valves you're buying; 4) Find a trusted single resource for your valve package purchases; 5) Keep up with required maintenance.
Bristol-Myers Squibb manually monitored dissolved oxygen (DO) periodically and ran aeration blowers more than necessary to guard against variable loading rates. After upgrading the system to use online DO monitoring operators now have continuous DO readings in the aeration tanks, substantially reducing energy and maintenance costs.
Chemical processors continually strive to find technologies and solutions for improving system performance and plant uptime. Often working around the clock to process, transfer, and store sometimes hazardous and corrosive chemicals, processors must tackle issues related to physical properties and process parameters. In this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook, we take a look at what it takes for chemical processors to achieve effective flow management including:
Streamlining processes – how removing complexities that creep in over time can enhance operations
Orifice plates – when insufficient flow conditioning undermines measurement accuracy
CPVC for Chlor-Alkali Applications – why chlorinated polyvinyl chloride offers many advantages over other materials
Understand the many facets of flow. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook now.
Oxygen measurement for safety and control is essential for process optimization in many chemical manufacturing processes. This white paper provides application details of probe-style TDL oxygen analyzers.
Spikes in energy costs or unplanned-for capital improvement expenses can put organizations in tricky financial situations. To solve them, they often select the option with the lowest upfront cost which leads to the “pay me now or pay me later” dilemma. Over time it’s discovered that these lower-priced alternatives cost much more due to higher failure rates, wasted energy and more intensive maintenance. This Chemical Processing Steam eHandbook presents steam technologies and strategies for reducing cost associated with using and generating steam including:
How a Texas-based plant pared steam consumption - Thinking differently about energy management lead to substantial savings
Steam trap selection - A life cycle analysis approach can help reduce maintenance and prolong steam trap life
Reduce consumption with a simple formula to determine the proper steam demand for DSI heaters
Learn how to generate savings through steam use and generation. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Steam eHandbook now.
Reliability programs are now standard business practice in companies that rely heavily on machines, equipment and other physical assets. But, in today’s lean economy, companies have fewer resources than ever to manage and maintain these assets. Plants face challenges in identifying new and cost-effective ways to ensure their assets are performing and that they are managing to minimize operational risks. In this Chemical Processing Reliability/Asset Management eHandbook we take a look at proactive approaches for improving reliability and maintenance in today’s processing plant including:
• Equipment rotation: identify damaged and worn components before they cause problems • Backflush strategies: flow reversal can remove fiber buildup in heat exchangers • Advanced Reliability Management: key steps for leveraging limited resources and critical assets • Predictive Maintenance: detailed analysis of maintenance records can further improve equipment reliability • More!
White paper provides descriptions and the cleaning efficiency levels of the most commonly used tank cleaning practices, including specific case studies on the cost-saving benefits of rotary impingement tank cleaning and CIP optimization vs. standard tank cleaning processes.
An easy to use generalized vent sizing formula is illustrated to be consistent with large scale industry experience and dedicated phenolic runaway reaction tests performed by Fauske & Associates, LLC. The formula also clearly explains the 1999 catastrophic failure of a phenol-formaldehyde reactor resulting from a grossly undersized relief system.
By understanding the key functions and architecture of a process-oriented, formula based ERP application, you will have a better foundation for choosing a solution that best suits your company and type of manufacturing.
This practical guide and checklist ties the unique operations of chemical manufacturers to specific ERP functionality and architecture. Topics include:
Variability and Quality
Product Accountability and Costing
Don't settle for a "one size fits all" ERP solution. With the "right fit" ERP solution, you will be able to streamline operations, reduce costs and scale production, while complying with federal regulations -- all with minimum customization.