Process Engineering White Papers

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  • Process Filtration Scale-Up from Lab to Commercial Operation

    This article discusses process filtration approach developed for each technology stage starting from batch filtration in the lab to continuous filtration for the full-scale commercial operation. Process engineers must not “jump to conclusions”, a reference from Sherlock Holmes and Dr. John Watson who prove time and again is that there is no benefit to jumping to conclusions. Therefore, laboratory / bench top filtration testing is covered for problem analysis, technology selection and pilot and demonstration scale-up. The paper continues with the filtration testing and then scale-up to the commercial size. Finally, the paper concludes with a general review of the problem-solving skills of Holmes and Watson and how these skills can be utilized by process engineers as a framework for “idea-generation” when analyzing a new process scale-up.

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  • Filtering Samples to On-Line Process Analyzers

    Increasingly precise process control strategies, often linked to computer control, have accelerated the use of sophisticated on-line chemical composition analyzers in plant applications. Instruments such as gas and liquid chromatographs, ion chromatographs, laser optic instruments, atomic absorption instruments and specific ion analyzers, which were rarities in laboratories ten years ago, are now found routinely in plant settings.

    While continuing miniaturization and “rugged-ization” of the electronics are making the instrumentation circuitry more tolerant of the plant environment, the level of contamination in plant samples compared to laboratory samples continues to plague the process. This white paper reviews  the factors in plant operation that may affect the deliverability of acceptable samples  and provides guidelines for addressing these factors.

  • Process Filtration Technology: Making Informed Decisions

    Solid-liquid separation is an instrumental part of chemical processing. To separate the solid particles, filter media made of textile or metallic materials and of composite materials are used as the basis for the filter cake. Often there will also be a washing process to improve the purity of the filter cake or to increase the yield of the liquid phase. Solid-liquid separation can be carried out in continuous or batch operation. There are many factors for selecting the right process filtration system for your specific application. This white paper reviews methods for identifying the right process filtration technology for your application and highlights case studies illustrating the methods discussed.

  • A Treatise of Filter Cake Washing Mechanisms in Pressure and Vacuum Filtration Systems

    During many chemical operations, cake washing is required since no filter system can remove all of the mother liquor by pressure or vacuum dewatering only. The topic of how to most efficiently wash the cake is important. This article introduces pragmatism into cake washing theory and will help engineers during their decision-making processes.

    BHS Filtration
  • What Does It Cost To Own Your Dust Collector Filters?

    When choosing filters for your cartridge dust collector, a Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) calculation allows you to make the most economical and sustainable choice. TCO is a step-by-step evaluation that explores energy use, maintenance and other factors to compare the real costs of operating a dust collector with different filters. This white paper explains how to perform TCO calculations to save money, time and energy.

    Camfil Farr APC
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