Process Engineering White Papers

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  • Flow eHandbook: Better Manage Flow

    It’s not uncommon for chemical processors to have hundreds of piping and flow instruments to monitor, maintain and repair. When do you slope a process line? What happens when a precision instrument drifts out of calibration? In this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook, we take a look at what it takes for chemical processors to master flow challenges in several areas including:

    • Piping geometry – how draining, venting, fouling and other considerations affect piping geometry
    • Various methods for avoiding thermal flow meter validation pitfalls
    • Piping symmetry – why designers should consider the impact of unequal flows in branches

    Learn how to better manage flow. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook now.

    07/29/2015
  • Steam eHandbook: Take the Heat Off Your Steam System

    According to a U.S. Department of Energy survey, steam accounts for one-third of all the energy used in process plants. Monitoring and optimizing the cost of your steam system can yield big rewards. Ignoring inefficient operation easily could drain profits.

    Operating and maintaining a reliable steam system is vital to chemical processing plants and can have significant cost impact on a plant's annual budget. Typical profit drainers in operating and maintaining a steam system include excessive fuel cost, inefficient steam generation, less-than-optimal steam utlilization and poor condensate recovery. This Chemical Processing Steam eHandbook presents strategies for reducing cost associated with using and generating steam, a 4 step approach for improving efficiency and insight on heat exchanger selection criteria. Specifically:

    • Control Steam System Energy Costs - Steam system losses can silently drain profits
    • Optimize Your Steam System - A simple four-step approach can improve steam efficiency
    • Head Off Exchanger Errors - Selecting the most-appropriate heads for a shell-and-tube unit is crucial

    Learn how to generate savings through steam use and generation. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Steam eHandbook now.

    06/29/2015
  • 7 Ways to Improve Process and Productivity with Pressure Instrumentation

    Optimize your operation in four critical areas – production, quality, energy efficiency and safety – with pressure instrumentation. This paper reviews pressure, flow and level solutions that work across all points of the operation to minimize process variability, gain process insight, reduce maintenance and downtime, and meet regulatory demands. Learn more.

    Emerson
    06/23/2015
  • Process Filtration Scale-Up from Lab to Commercial Operation

    This article discusses process filtration approach developed for each technology stage starting from batch filtration in the lab to continuous filtration for the full-scale commercial operation. Process engineers must not “jump to conclusions”, a reference from Sherlock Holmes and Dr. John Watson who prove time and again is that there is no benefit to jumping to conclusions. Therefore, laboratory / bench top filtration testing is covered for problem analysis, technology selection and pilot and demonstration scale-up. The paper continues with the filtration testing and then scale-up to the commercial size. Finally, the paper concludes with a general review of the problem-solving skills of Holmes and Watson and how these skills can be utilized by process engineers as a framework for “idea-generation” when analyzing a new process scale-up.

    Download now.

    BHS
    06/02/2015
  • Powder eHandbook: Tame Your Pesky Powders

    A material’s characteristics – adhesiveness, cohesiveness, aeratibility, pressure-sensitivity – often change during processing and can cause both flow and hidden hazard challenges. And while poor flow is one of the most common problems encountered in handling or storing solids, dust control issues also need to be identified and addressed. This includes combustible dust as the repercussions can result in costly downtown and in some instances, explosions, serious injury and possibly even death. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at strategies and solutions for taming pesky powder processing challenges including:

    • Defuse Dust Dangers - Carefully consider and then counter risks of fire and explosion
    • Clamp Down On Clumping - First understand what’s really causing the problem
    • What You Don’t Know About Powder Flow - Shear cells can quickly reveal information about flow behavior
    • Know Your Vacuum Pumps - Understand the differences between liquid ring and rotary screw dry pumps for distillation

    Learn how to tame your pesky powder challenges. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.

    05/27/2015
  • Semi-Automated Systems Take Water Jetting to a New Level

    High-pressure water jetting is powerful and versatile, helping contractors and industrial companies do hundreds of challenging jobs.

    While many jobs are still done manually, new semi-automated systems can maximize three elements crucial to any company’s success: productivity, safety and environmental responsibility.

    Download the white paper now.

    NLB Corp.
    05/12/2015
  • Loss-On-Drying vs. Thermogravimetric Analysis

    Thermogravimetric analyzers (TGAs) deliver valuable information about a material’s response to temperature. But while the information they deliver is critical, TGAs themselves tend to be bulky and difficult to use, and can cost tens of thousands of dollars. This paper explores how you can gather the same data as a TGA using an instrument which is considerably easier to use, more durable, and less expensive: the Computrac MAX 5000XL. The materials examined in this paper are certain flue gas desulfurization byproducts—gypsum, calcium sulfite hemihydrate, and calcium hydroxide—but the principles in question can apply to all manner of materials, from biofuels to pet food to landfill waste.


    Download the white paper now.

    AZI
    05/12/2015
  • Special Report: Safety is No Accident

    For chemical processors industrial safety is a top concern. Industrial accidents can lead to lost production, injury and in some cases even death. This special report examines how organizations can reduce risk, prevent incidents and ensure safety and compliance in hazardous environments with improved processes. Topics covered include:

     

    • How to Achieve Effective Process Safety Management (PSM) -- Senior managers play an important role in improving PSM. Their efforts should be visible and their leadership felt to ensure success.
    • Getting To The Root Of Accidents -- Accident investigations usually focus on operator error or technical failures. However, applying systems thinking may provide greater insights on underlying causes and, in the long run, prevent more incidents.
    • Optimizing Safety and Efficiency Through Modern Design-- This ignition protection method helps ensure accuracy, safety and compliance in hazardous environments

    Download Now

    Mettler Toledo
    04/27/2015
  • Optical System Sets New Standards in Oxygen Measurements

    Optical Dissolved Oxygen Measurement in Power and Boiler Applications

    Over the past decade a few trends have started to gain pace within the industry, driving a change in instrumentation requirements for operations managers and plant chemists:

    • Maintenance and operations budget cuts have resulted in fewer plant personnel, forcing plant staff to optimize their workload even further
    • As the cost of building new power and boiler systems increase, many operators now look to plant life extensions as a solution to bridge gaps in production capacity at a lower investment premium

    These trends have changed the requirements in these applications. Starting from these trends, this article analyzes the options for oxygen measurements that are precise, reliable, stable, and above all require low to zero maintenance.

    Download the white paper now.

    Hach
    04/27/2015
  • Chemical Processing’s Flow eHandbook: Forestall Flow Frustrations

    Issues related to physical properties, process parameters, electronic features and interconnections can all affect the flow of liquids and gases. Often working around the clock to process, transfer, and store sometimes hazardous and corrosive chemicals, processors must tackle issues related to physical properties and process parameters. In this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook, we take a look at what it takes for chemical processors to master flow challenges for several types of materials with vastly different physical properties including:

    • How non-contact ultrasonic meters can ease maintenance and improves accuracy
    • Selecting the right spray nozzle - consider several factors to determine the best choice
    • Why inferring internal flow rate in a column rarely makes sense
    • How using Coriolis mass flowmeters provides reliable indication of gas entrainment
    • Case Study: Speed Pipe Installation – when a pipe-joining system eliminates need to weld or thread connections

    Learn more how to forestall flow frustrations with these best flow practices. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook now.

    04/15/2015
  • Eastman Deploys ProjectWise to Drive Collaboration, Greater Efficiency, and Cost Savings

    Eastman Chemicals, one of the world’s largest chemical companies, recently decided to strengthen their information security and reliability, as well as develop a path forward to lower software maintenance costs. This Case Study shows how Eastman achieved their goals by globally standardizing on Bentley's ProjectWise software in order to replace an aging, but critical, in-house records management system. The ProjectWise solution has enabled Eastman to significantly reduce their IT costs, and is helping them achieve greater security of their vital plant information while providing a modern data-centric environment to move beyond engineering records into asset performance improvement.

    Download the white paper now.

    Bentley
    04/14/2015
  • Tubing & Hose Buying Tips, Part 1

    Determining what plastic tubing is best for an application can be a challenge. This report includes topics such as ingredients, temperatures, pressure and vacuum requirements, and flexibility to assist engineers and buyers with tubing and hose selection. Helps avoid costly purchasing errors.

    Download the white paper now.

    Advantapure
    04/14/2015
  • How Chemical Processing Companies can cut up to 40% in quality management costs

    While all manufacturers have standard operating procedures (SOPs) in place for quality operations, how do executives know if individuals across the company’s various business units and geographic regions are following procedure?

    Global chemical manufacturers are turning to enterprise quality management systems (EQMS) to take control over quality operations. As a result, manufacturers can quickly identify and address deviations and complaints, uncover potential issues and implement global continuous quality improvements to cut up to 40% in quality management costs.

    In this paper, we examine:

    • The regulatory, operational and economic challenges facing chemical executives today as they work to deliver safer chemicals products in an increasingly regulated and competitive business environment
    • How a disconnected approach to quality management increases risks and costs for global chemical manufacturers
    • How an EQMS implemented as part of a company’s overall business strategy delivers operational and cost benefits that transform quality management from a cost center to a revenue driver


    Download white paper now.

    Sparta
    03/31/2015
  • Tips For Cleaning And Sanitizing Pneumatic Conveying Lines

    Pneumatic conveying is an effective form of moving dry materials. However, the long lengths of conveying pipe present a challenge when it comes to addressing cleanliness and sanitation.

    While the closed nature of pneumatic conveying systems protects material from outside contamination, like debris, insects, etc., it is difficult to identify and protect against internal forms of contamination, such as buildup, microbial growth, etc. A plant HACCP or sanitation plan that does not address thousands of feet of pipe and dozens of elbows is incomplete and at risk for a recall.

     

    Download this white paper now.

    Schenck
    03/24/2015
  • CP eHandbook: Waylay Wastewater Worries

    The Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP), London, has released its Global Water Report 2014. Water challenges, especially in the chemicals industry have not diminished and in fact, are becoming an increasingly larger concern for processors. As stated by Paul Simpson, CEO of the CDP , “Leading companies increasingly recognize that business-as-usual approaches to water management are no longer sufficient.” Download this Chemical Processing eHandbook for:

    • Additional findings from the latest CDP report – with a focus on the chemicals industry
    • An overview on simple monitoring actions and how adopting best practices may lead to significant savings
    • How water conservation efforts can pay off
    • How to handle more flow – success often depends upon lowering head losses or raising pump pressure

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Water WasteWater eHandbook now.

    03/18/2015
  • Guide to Vacuum System Design

    The phrase “Vacuum Cleaning System” refers not only to cleaning by means of vacuum hose and tools, but also to a multitude of tasks which can be accomplished by the same basic system components: a vacuum producer and separators. In this paper, we cover the vacuum cleaning system as a tool for good housekeeping. Such a system is generally designed to pick up and convey dry and free-flowing material that can enter and pass through the vacuum cleaning tool and hose. Further, the system is designed to allow for a selected number of operators.

    Download the white paper now.

    Gardner Denver
    02/24/2015
  • Powder eHandbook: Combat Powder Processing Challenges

    In chemical production and processing, process design and process safety are crucial considerations – especially when powders are part of production and processing. Inherent challenges such as increasing throughput, accurately measuring powders to manage inventory and removing excess solvents are all challenges that chemical processors need to contend with. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at these powder processing challenges and identify solutions and strategies to overcome them. Learn more about:

    • Vacuum conveying - customization, automation and safety
    • Matching level measurement system to a job - consider materials and work environment when choosing a device
    • Removing solvent vapors in diverse applications - dry and liquid ring vacuum pumps are alternatives to oil-sealed pumps
    • Meeting combustible dust compliance – how a facility tackles combustible dust with aportable central vacuum system

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.

    02/24/2015
  • Not all CPVC Piping Systems Perform the Same

    Since its introduction to the market in 1959 by The Lubrizol Corporation, chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (better known as CPVC) has proven to be an attractive alternative to traditional industrial metallic piping systems in a wide variety of chemical process environment by offering a more reliable, long-term performance than many other materials.

    02/04/2015
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