Process Engineering White Papers

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  • eHandbook: Succeed at Process Safety

    This Chemical Processing eHandbook examines some of today’s Process Safety challenges for chemical manufacturers and some of the best practices that can be implemented to make your operations safer.

    Download this Chemical Processing eHandbook for insights and strategies including:

    • Walk the Line: Company-wide initiative eliminates operator line-up errors. Learn the steps to recognize the errors and implement the solutions.
    • Succeed at Process Safety Management: Follow ten rules to ensure an effective long-term program to make your operations safer.
    • Properly Pump Condensable Vapors: Each system has benefits and limitations as well as special considerations for handling hazards mixtures. Find out what you need to know!.
    • More!

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Process Safety eHandbook now.

  • Metal Dust Explosion Protection

    Combustible dust explosions are a known hazard in chemical processing,and metal dusts pose a unique danger. Learn why this concern is growing in urgency and the steps industry regulators and technology leaders are taking to improve risk mitigation. Download the whitepaper now.

  • CP Pollution Control eHandbook: Preclude Pollution Problems

    Are you looking for proactive solutions to pollution issues? Pondering 2016 regulation challenges? Looking to improve safety, sustainability and cost savings? Considering how to select the right VOC abatement method?

    This Chemical Processing eHandbook takes a look at how chemicals manufacturers can meet some of the challenges of Pollution Control issues before they start. Download this Chemical Processing eHandbook for insights and strategies including:

    • 2016 Presents Regulation Challenges: Legislation will focus on unfinished business, work plan chemicals and green chemistry efforts?
    • Plants Plug Away at Leaks: The quest for improved safety, sustainability and cost savings drives efforts to reduce fugitive emissions.
    • Select the Right VOC Abatement Method: There’s no one-size-fits-all approach and use varies greatly by application.
    • Increase Sustainability with Thermal Oxidation: The right emission control system can help meet compliance and reduce energy costs.
    • More!

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Pollution Control eHandbook now.

  • Special Report: Effectively Deal With Waste Gas

    Waste gas incinerators react oxygen with waste hydrocarbons at high temperature to produce a clean flue gas. A perfect incinerator would have a destruction and removal efficiency (DRE) of 100%, zero fuel usage and zero emission of carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxides. A small amount of the original hydrocarbons always remains, though. If 1% is left, the DRE is 99%. Some CO and NOx always are produced, too. However, NOx emissions are lower for a regenerative thermal oxidizer (RTO) than for almost any other type of thermal oxidizer. With the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and local air boards requiring DRE values from 95% upward, effectively dealing with waste gas means ensuring compliance with the added benefit of reduced energy costs. In this Special Report we take a look at how an RTO often can offer an effective and fuel-efficient options for cutting the cost of waste gas incineration, how technologies transform greenhouse gas into a feedstock for chemicals, how the right emission control system can help meet compliance and reduce energy costs and several steps that play a crucial role for setting up an effective greenhouse gas monitoring plan. Download now.

  • eHandbook: Put the Spotlight on Process Safety

    How do we make safety in our processes second nature? The concept of inherent safety goes beyond simply not having materials that potentially could damage the pipes, vessels and equipment that make up manufacturing facilities. We need to understand all the ways those materials can be involved in incidents that harm people, the environment and our facilities.

    Without a thorough understanding of those scenarios and how they can occur, we can’t properly evaluate the risks posed by different technological approaches and effectively apply inherently safer technologies.

    In this Chemical Processing Process Safety eHandbook, we delve in to what it means to embrace the concept of inherent safety and provide tips for safer processing including:

    • A variety of strategies that can eliminate hazards from operations
    • Improving alarm management – how adopting a pragmatic approach can achieve significant benefits
    • A rational approach to combustible dust explosion protection

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Process Safety eHandbook now.

  • Special Report: Safety is No Accident

    For chemical processors industrial safety is a top concern. Industrial accidents can lead to lost production, injury and in some cases even death. This special report examines how organizations can reduce risk, prevent incidents and ensure safety and compliance in hazardous environments with improved processes. Topics covered include:


    • How to Achieve Effective Process Safety Management (PSM) -- Senior managers play an important role in improving PSM. Their efforts should be visible and their leadership felt to ensure success.
    • Getting To The Root Of Accidents -- Accident investigations usually focus on operator error or technical failures. However, applying systems thinking may provide greater insights on underlying causes and, in the long run, prevent more incidents.
    • Optimizing Safety and Efficiency Through Modern Design-- This ignition protection method helps ensure accuracy, safety and compliance in hazardous environments

    Download Now

    Mettler Toledo
  • Special Report: Consider these Safety Instrumented Best Practices

    For chemical processors, assuring safe operations is always top of mind. In this Chemical Processing Special Report we take a look at three distinct areas of operations and steps to insure best safety practices in each.

    • HIPS for Reactive Processes – how this safety-instrumented systems offer advantages over pressure relief valves
    •  HART DIAGNOSTICS - in safety instrumented system (SIS) field devices have been used for many years by several different SIS vendors. HART diagnostics provide much more information on the health of a field device than can be determined from a standard 4–20 mA signal.
    • Proof testing  - how this modern method improves efficiency, reduces errors, and meets compliance requirements


  • Powder eHandbook: Preclude Powder Problems

    Process design and process safety are critical considerations in chemical production and processing. With design and safety paramount at the outset of any new development or equipment retrofit, firms can minimize risk exposure, maximize productivity and position themselves to remain compliant and competitive. Whether retrofit or new, chemical processing is continually challenged by combustible dust. Combustible dust can pose a hidden hazard when accumulation occurs in unseen locations such as in mechanical spaces, above false ceiling, ventilation systems and dust collection systems. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at strategies and solutions for mitigating combustible dust hazards including:

    • Identifying hidden hazards - a case study outlining how a facility finds danger from accumulated dust and effectively addresses it
    • Powder flowability - how new measurement methods now make it easier to evaluate flow
    • Process safety -  properly designed weigh model can optimize safety and improve efficiency
    • A multivariate approach to powder processing -  an overview of several methods that can help determine which powder properties have the greatest influence on performance

    Learn how to preclude powder problems. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.

  • Chemical Processing’s eHandbook: Improve Plant Safety

    Systems are becoming more complex. This complexity is changing the nature of the accidents and losses we are experiencing. Process design and process safety are critical considerations in chemical production and processing. With design and safety paramount at the outset of any new development or equipment retrofit, firms can minimize risk exposure, maximize productivity and position themselves to remain compliant and competitive. Advanced automation technologies continue to drive productivity improvements. In this Chemical Processing Improve Plant Safety eHandbook, we provide tips for safer processing including:

    • The role of senior management including six important steps senior management should take to insure safer processing
    • Optimizing process safety and efficiency through modern weighing design
    • The fundamentals of blast-resistant building 

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Improve Plant Safety eHandbook now.

  • Choosing the Correct Emission Control Technology

    Increasingly stringent clean air standards and heightened concerns over greenhouse gas emissions are driving technology enhancements in the chemical processing industry. This white paper explains some of the abatement challenges this industry faces and demonstrates how many chemical processors are integrating newer, more efficient emission control technologies for the destruction of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) and Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs).

    The paper also includes a case study, demonstrating how one Pure Terephthalic Acid (PTA) plant saved nearly one million dollars by upgrading to a newer thermal oxidizer technology.

  • CP Special Report: Improving Plant Efficiency and Safety

    Sponsored By: Parker

    Chemical plants vary widely in size and complexity yet share common goals for maximizing efficiency safely and cost effectively. This Chemical Processing Special Report tackles two areas in chemical processing - compressed air systems and powder handling - where gains can be achieved for improving efficiency. We also address the concerns of safety as it relates to drying compressed air in hazardous atmospheres.
    Key takeaways:

    • Whether compressed air systems are centrifugal, rotary screw, reciprocating compressors or a combination, this Special Report provides and understanding of what’s involved in getting a suitable supply of compressed air.
    • Efficient powder handling can be achieved through optimized humidity management.
    • Safe drying practices in hazardous air locations

  • HACH BioTector 3500c Analyzer For TOC, TC, TIC and VOC Analysis

    In recent years, TOC analysis has become accepted in the industry as the standard method and the only reliable online method used to determine contamination in waters, to control processes, to prevent product losses and to minimize waste. It is especially important to monitor this parameter in applications such as condensate return water, boiler/feed water, etc. In boiler/feed water and in industrial steam generating systems, carbonic acid corrosion of condensate lines is often a serious problem. Depending on the application type, analysis of only one parameter (e.g., TC) is generally not sufficient to make any useful process decisions. Multiple-parameter analysis (TOC, TC, TIC, VOC etc.), as carried out in the Hach BioTector B3500c analyzer, is proven to be more useful and always superior to single-parameter analysis in the industry.

  • CP eHandbook: How to boost wastewater improvement efforts

    Chemical facilities are under mounting pressure to process ever larger quantities of wastewater to increasingly higher standards while staying within a variety of cost constraints. Plant operators face the dilemma of how to maintain treatment throughput at reasonable cost even when the plant reaches design capacity. Potential changes to production mixes can compound the challenge. Fortunately, adopting the latest wastewater-treatment technology can inject new life into a plant, extending useful asset life without heavy upfront capital investment. In this Chemical Processing Wastewater eHandbook we take a look at how to boost wastewater improvement efforts including:

    • An exploration of an innovative system that enables wastewater capacity expansion
    • Why chemical makers are increasingly focusing on water-related risks and opportunities

     Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Wastewater eHandbook now.

  • Chemical Processing’s Process Safety eHandbook: Tips for Safer Processing

    Major accidents with multiple fatalities continue to occur worldwide in theprocess industries, causing distress to those involved and massive costs to companies. Almost daily, facilities in the process industries face a number of specific major accident hazard scenarios depending upon the nature of the substances they handle and their processing activities. These are caused by known initiating events such as failure of hardware or control systems, or errors by operating or maintenance staff. In this Chemical Processing Process Safety eHandbook, we provide tips for safer processing including:

    >> The role of senior management including six important steps senior management should take to insure safer processing

    >> Process safety documentation – strategies for ensuring that your documentation is up-to-date and readily accessible

  • CP eHandbook: Step Up Water Conservation

    Chemical makers increasingly are focusing on water-related issues. In particular, concern over availability is spurring leading operating companies to implement a host of novel strategies and technologies to optimize water use. Chemical makers are implementing strategies and solutions to scale back on their overall usage of water, reuse water and put clean water back in to circulation. In this ChemicalProcessing Water Optimization eHandbook we take a look at how chemical companies are dealing with water challenges

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Water Optimization eHandbook now.

  • Mixing Solutions and Slurries -- Effectively, Economically and Safely

    Effectively mixing liquids and solids to create an optimal slurry is one of the perpetual challenges in the chemical industry. This case study demonstrates how an eductor-based mixing system can effectively handle a wide range of materials, utilizing the least amount of floor space, energy and human resources to achieve an optimized process. In addition, the eductor mixing system offers increased efficiencies over a conventional system of mixing by allowing solutions and slurries to be made on demand – as opposed to pre-mixed in large holding tanks. Another important benefit is the system limits exposure to operators, and mitigates issues of delivering solid material in a large vapor space. The design flexibility of an educator-based mixing system offers a high level of customization.

  • White Paper: Understanding the Risks Associated with FIBCs and Electrostatic Hazards

    Flexible Intermediate Bulk Containers (FIBCs) have found their niche in the worldwide transportation of powdered, flaked and granulated products. FIBCs are typically made of woven plastic with some type of liner insert and are often referred to as super sacks, big bags or bulk bags in industry. During filling and emptying of FIBCs there is a steady accumulation of static charge that can result in electrostatic discharges from the FIBC. This may in turn provide sufficient energy for ignition of combustible particulate solids or flammable vapors, not to mention unsettling shocks to nearby personnel. In this white paper we review the NFPA 654 Standard for the Prevention of Fire and Dust Explosions from Combustible Particulate Solids and the importance of why identifying the Minimum Ignition Energy (MIE) of your combustible dust or flammable vapor is a necessary component for selecting the correct FIBC Type for your application. Download now.

    Fauske & Associates
  • CP Special Report: Hardware Safety

    The U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s Process Safety Management (PSM) Standard [29 CFR 1910.119(j)] require plant management to identify and address hazards. Further challenging plant management, the mechanical integrity (MI) element of the PSM has been difficult for many facilities to implement. In fact, PSM audits by OSHA have consistently demonstrated that MI accounts for a large number of citations at most facilities. In this Chemical Processing Special Report, we take a look at how to effectively implement strategies to comply with PSM standards including:
    • Common piping, hoses and valves hazards – what PHA (Process Handling Analysis) teams should look for to improve the quality of the hazard evaluation
    • MI element of PSM – an in-depth look at the stated MI requirements, the perceived interpretation of these requirements and further considerations for identifying your plant’s compliance strategy
    • MI implications – the impact MI has on plant’s written procedures, training, inspection & testing, and how equipment deficiencies and quality assurance programs are managed

    Continental Disc Corp.
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