Chemical Processing’s Flow eHandbook: Master Flow Challenges
Issues related to physical properties, process parameters, electronic features and interconnections can all affect the flow of liquids and gases. Often working around the clock to process, transfer, and store sometimes hazardous and corrosive chemicals, processors must tackle issues related to physical properties and process parameters. In this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook, we take a look at what it takes for chemical processors to master flow challenges for several types of materials with vastly different physical properties including:
How to increase process availability - coriolis mass flow meters provide reliable indication of gas entrainment
Overcoming the challenges of changing gas composition - new technology addresses need for more accurate and efficient biogas measuring
How to ensure proper control of parallel flow paths demands care
Case Study: Speed Pipe Installation - pipe-joining system eliminates need to weld or thread connections
Find out how to master flow challenges. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Flow eHandbook now.
Heating Water by Direct Steam Injection
Direct steam injection provides a solution where large volumes of hot water at precise temperatures are required, and saving space and energy are factors in the system design.
Productivity Improvement with Wireless Steam
When steam traps leak or fail, energy is lost and there could also be steam equipment failure or damage and potential safety hazards. A major food manufacturer improved their steam trap program and enhanced their ongoing leak repair campaign with remote steam trap monitoring using Smart Wireless Solutions from Emerson.
Drying Compressed Air in Hazardous Atmospheres
Hazardous locations have or could potentially have high concentrations of flammable gases, vapors, combustible dusts, etc. A small spark can lead to a horrific explosion dangerous to equipment and workers in the area. Equipment located in hazardous areas must be specifically designed to prevent ignition and explosion.
Gas And Dust Explosions -- Relief Sizing Formula
A large number of analytical and highly empirical correlations including monograms reflecting changing standards have been or are being proposed separately for gas and dust explosion relief venting. This white paper provides a generalized formula that is applicable to both gas and dust deflagrations including subsonic and sonic pressure relief conditions and is consistent with available experimental data and industry experience. Application of the model is illustrated for dust explosions. Download now.
Fauske & Associates
Energy Savings From Synchronous Belt Drives
Approximately one-third of the electric motors in the industrial and commercial sectors use belt drives. If the efficiency of these systems were improved by just 5%, plants would see tremendous energy savings. Such savings are not out of reach. Synchronous belt drives operate so efficiently that they enable savings across many industrial applications.
The Green Solution
The ever present emphasis on technological efficiency is just one of several forces behind the pressure on companies to "go green" despite a trying economy. The ultimate criterion that determines whether a motor is truly green is energy efficiency. Technology, long the key to efficiency, can help resolve this issue.
Spray Gas Quench Design Considerations
The use of spray nozzles to rapidly cool or quench gas streams is an essential application in many industrial processes, such as chemical reaction vessels, incineration, and power plant absorber gas inlet. An optimized spray quench design requires engineering analysis of the operating environment, spray nozzle performance and process reliability.
This technical paper describes the design considerations for spray gas quench systems such as nozzle selection, process control, system configuration and reliability. Application of this knowledge can result in a gas quench system that operates efficiently and reliably with reduced vessel size, reduced atomization energy consumption, and minimized downtime, to achieve capital and operational cost savings for your process.
Benefits of State Based Control
State Based Control is a plant automation control design based on the principle that all process facilities operate in recognized, definable Process States that represent a
variety of normal and abnormal conditions of the process. State Based Control, implemented with the latest developments in object-based technologies, delivers
direct benefits to its adopters in a variety of Operational Excellence categories. It results in productivity increases, higher asset utilization of both people and process,
automated responses and recovery for abnormal conditions and provides an environment for knowledge capture directly into the control design.
David Huffman, ABB Inc.
Improving Plant Production with Wireless Condition Monitoring
Mechanical failure of motors, drives and other vital electromechanical equipment are among the most common reasons for production stoppages. Fortunately, recent advancements in vibration monitoring and data analysis have lead to condition monitoring systems that can accurately detect a problem before failure, thus reducing costly machine shutdowns and maximizing production output. These systems are installed on the monitored equipment and are typically networked back to a central computer for data analysis and alarm annunciation. Because the machines may be in remote locations where network infrastructure is not available, or on moving platforms where hardwired network connectivity is not practical, wireless communications is a networking alternative that offer installation cost savings, quicker deployment and even improved reliability in certain situations.
Jim Ralston, Wireless Sales Engineer, ProSoft Tech...
Removing Liquid From Gas
Liquid entrainment in a gas stream can be a disturbance in many industrial processes. In natural-gas processing, higher-order hydrocarbons, water or impurities have to be separated from the main methane stream. Upstream of gas compressors, droplets that can damage the impellers, have to be removed. With the recently acquired Knitmesh technology and the strategic alliance with Shell Global Solutions, Sulzer Chemtech can supply a broad portfolio of advanced, tailor-made systems for gas/liquid separation to customers in all industries.
Biodiesel Fuel From Palm Oil Too Good to be Used as Fuel?
The high prices for oil and gas have spotlighted other sources of fuel for internal combustion engines. Biofuel, a fuel derived from ethanol, and biodiesel fuel, a dieselequivalent derived from biological sources, are 2 possible substitutes for petrochemical fuel. Palm oil is increasingly used as feedstock for the production of biodiesel, but certain palm oil fractions have other uses, e.g., in the cosmetics and food industries. Sulzer Chemtechs technology supports the separation of crude palm oil (CPO) in its valuable constituents.
Sulzer Chemtech AG
Oxygen in cell culture/venting ozonated vessels
This white paper outlines trends and opportunities for gasket standardization in processing plants ... including the potential for more reliable sealing, cost savings, inventory reduction, easier installation and safety practices. Steps are outlined for achieving success in gasket standardization across steel, glass-lined and FRP piping.
W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc.
Biodiesel Fuel From Palm Oil Too Good to be Used as Fuel?
The high prices for oil and gas have spotlighted other sources of fuel for internal combustion engines. Biofuel, a fuel derived from ethanol, and biodiesel fuel, a dieselequivalent derived from biological sources, are two possible substitutes for petrochemical fuel.
Sulzer Chemtech USA, Inc.
Gasket Standardization in the CPI
This white paper outlines trends and opportunities for gasket standardization in processing plants ... including steps outlining how to achieve gasket standardization across steel, glass-lined and FRP piping.
W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc.
Energy Efficiency - The Other Alternative Fuel
Proven methods for industry to reduce energy consumption and environmental impact are already at hand. These cost-effective solutions promise substantial return-on-investment now and in the future, without sacrificing performance or quality. For most companies and organizations, the answers to maintaining a competitive edge in this era of rising energy costs are readily available. By applying a suite of cost-effective power and automation solutions from technology leaders like ABB, these facilities can achieve substantial energy savings today without waiting for the "alternative fuels" of the future.