Process Engineering White Papers

on 'Powder & Solids'

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  • Modern Design Considerations for Pressure Relief Systems

    Maintaining constant control of pressure in chemical processing and refining equipment is vital in order to avoid the risk of catastrophic damage, injuries, and environmental risks. This paper from Fike outlines the importance of assessing process risks and designing effective pressure relief systems accordingly and provides guidance to ensure that your systems are up to the task.

    Download the white paper now.

    Fike
    12/01/2016
  • Powder eHandbook: Achieve Solid Solutions

    This Chemical Processing eHandbook examines some of today’s Powder challenges and way to navigate solutions for chemical manufacturers.

    Do you want to learn more about how to mitigate crystallization challenges? Perplexed by blending myths? Do you want to know more about the mystery of time effects and conducting a time consolidation test? Interested in several methods for condensing water vapor?

    Download this Chemical Processing eHandbook for insights and solutions including:

    • Conquer Crystallization Challenges: Question the need for cooling and ensure you have the right data.
    • Beware of Blending Myths: But first determine if blending really is required.
    • Solve the Mystery of Time effects: Conduct a time consolidation test to determine the flow performance of a bulk solid.
    • Handle Water Vapor within Oil-Sealed Vacuum Pumps: Evaluate several methods for condensing water vapor.
    • More!

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.

    11/07/2016
  • Continuous Vacuum Filtration Technologies for Sulfuric and Hydrochloric Acid Slurries

    This white paper discusses highly acidic chemical process slurries and the use of continuous vacuum filtration technologies for filtration, cake washing and drying.

    First, the basics and benefits of continuous vacuum filtration technologies are reviewed followed by case-studies. In this first process, the precipitated solids are in sulfuric acid slurry. The challenge is to process 2200 kg/hour of dry solids for filtration, counter-current washing and drying in a contained environment.

    In this second process, the objective is to process precipitated solids in an hydrochloric acid slurry. The white paper concludes with a framework for vacuum technology selection and how this can be applied to other toxic and difficult chemical process filtrations.

    Download this white paper for more information.

    BHS Filtration
    10/18/2016
  • eHandbook: Master These Mixing Best Practices

    This Chemical Processing eHandbook takes a look at some of today’s mixing challenges for chemical manufacturers and some of the best practices that can be implemented to help along the way.

    Download this Chemical Processing eHandbook for insights and strategies including:

    • Prevent Problems with Fine Particles: Sampling is crucial and demands particular care.
    • Quickly Estimate Reagent Addition Time: A simple equation suffices in many situations involving batch reactors.
    • Understand Powder Flow Characteristics: A powder’s variables and external factors will greatly impact blender size and type.

    More!
    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Mixing eHandbook now.

    08/24/2016
  • Powder eHandbook: Take Some Solid Steps Towards Better Processing

    This Chemical Processing eHandbook takes a look at how chemicals manufacturers are meeting the various challenges presented by processing today.

    Download this Chemical Processing eHandbook for insights and strategies including:

    • Vacuum Shelf Dryer Provides More-Uniform Cakes: Different approach to endpoint determination leads to greater consistency.
    • Stop What You’re Doing: Challenging existing practices may spur significant improvements.
    • Consider Vacuum Drying: A vacuum drying pump offers several advantages for removing vapor over other methods.
    • Understand Powder Flow Characteristics: a powder’s variables and external factors will greatly impact blender size and type.
    • More!

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.

    08/17/2016
  • Metal Dust Explosion Protection

    Combustible dust explosions are a known hazard in chemical processing,and metal dusts pose a unique danger. Learn why this concern is growing in urgency and the steps industry regulators and technology leaders are taking to improve risk mitigation. Download the whitepaper now.

    Fike
    06/28/2016
  • eHandbook: Handle Powders With Care

    Are you looking for more information about handling powders?

    Do you want to prevent problems before they start and consider alternative methods?

    This Chemical Processing eHandbook takes a look at how chemicals manufacturers are meeting the challenges of handling powders. Download this Chemical Processing eHandbook for insights and strategies including:

    • Prevent Problems with Fine Particles: Sampling is crucial and demands particular care.
    • Don’t Err About Fluidization: Consider its under-appreciated advantages and broader utility.
    • Get the Most Out of Your Sterilization Process: Take a close look at two commonly used methods and their associated vacuum technology.
    • More!

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.

    05/18/2016
  • Dry Media Dust Collector or Wet Scrubber?

    Wet scrubbers and dry media dust collectors are two very different technologies used to capture dusts generated during production processes. Both types have inherent advantages and disadvantages. Which is best for your application? The choice is not always clear-cut, but this white paper will help with the decision process by providing a comparison between wet and dry dust collectors. It will outline general parameters for equipment selection with respect to dust properties including combustibility, explosibility, particle size, moisture and adhesiveness. It will also discuss how to apply NFPA 484: Standard for Combustible Metals, the standard that best addresses wet collection. Though NFPA 484 is specific to metals, some of its content can and should apply to nonmetal combustible dusts.

    Download the white paper now.

    Camfil
    04/28/2016
  • Powder eHandbook: Make Solid Progress

    Are you looking for more information about solids processing operations? The practice of chemical engineering underpins chemical processing. Universities teach design methods for unit operations such as distillation and heat transfer. However, colleges seldom cover solids processing operations. If any discussion takes place, it only focuses on basic particle physics issues related to drag and turbulence. Yet, many processes require extensive handling of solids.

    This Chemical Processing eHandbook takes a look at how chemicals manufacturers are meeting the challenges of solids processing head on. Download this Chemical Processing eHandbook for insights and strategies including:

    • Solve Solids Processing Conundrums: Understand more about the unique issues posed by solids and why it is crucial for success.
    • Measure Viscosity to Improve Your Mixing Process: Get tips on how to select the proper measuring instrument to better monitor your product quality.
    • Make Some Sense of Sensors: Learn more about the variety of solutions that exist for flow level detection and inventory management.
    • Consider Used Equipment: Get some guidelines to help you select the right pre-owned machine for an application.
    • More!

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.

    02/17/2016
  • Powder eHandbook: Get a Better Handle on Your Solids Process

    Getting a better handle on Solids Process is an on-going challenge for chemical processors. Are you struggling with multiphase sampling? Do you want to conquer pilot plant challenges? Do you want to learn more about how automatic sampling can help control process safely?

    This Chemical Processing eHandbook takes a look at how chemicals manufacturers are meeting these challenges head on. Download this Chemical Processing eHandbook for insights and strategies including:

    • Don’t Be Fazed By Multiphase Sampling: An isokinetic system can provide accurate samples;
    • Conquer Pilot Plant Challenges: Use design of experiments to minimize the number of runs and ensure meaningful data;
    • Case Study: Sampler Helps Control Process Safely: Automatic samplers can be key to ensuring process samples are repeatable and reliable;
    • More!

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.

    11/10/2015
  • Mixing eHandbook: Avoid Mixing Mix-Ups

    For chemical processors, ensuring a long-lasting, high-quality mix is a huge challenge regardless of the physical properties of the mixing component – liquid, gas, solid. In this Chemical Processing Mixing eHandbook, we take a look at mixing technologies including “open” batch operation, static mixers, hydrogenation and inline mixing. Understanding how each of these technologies works, the benefits and challenges can help you to avoid common mixing mix-ups. Download your copy and learn about:

    • A number of technologies that can handle pipeline mixing
    • How hydrogenation reactions can achieve greater conversion rates and thus better space/time yields
    • Continuous powder wetting
    • Inline mixing systems
    • Modern in-line mixers

    Avoid common mixing mix-ups. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Mixing eHandbook now.

    08/26/2015
  • Powder eHandbook: Tame Your Pesky Powders

    A material’s characteristics – adhesiveness, cohesiveness, aeratibility, pressure-sensitivity – often change during processing and can cause both flow and hidden hazard challenges. And while poor flow is one of the most common problems encountered in handling or storing solids, dust control issues also need to be identified and addressed. This includes combustible dust as the repercussions can result in costly downtown and in some instances, explosions, serious injury and possibly even death. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at strategies and solutions for taming pesky powder processing challenges including:

    • Defuse Dust Dangers - Carefully consider and then counter risks of fire and explosion
    • Clamp Down On Clumping - First understand what’s really causing the problem
    • What You Don’t Know About Powder Flow - Shear cells can quickly reveal information about flow behavior
    • Know Your Vacuum Pumps - Understand the differences between liquid ring and rotary screw dry pumps for distillation

    Learn how to tame your pesky powder challenges. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.

    05/27/2015
  • Tips For Cleaning And Sanitizing Pneumatic Conveying Lines

    Pneumatic conveying is an effective form of moving dry materials. However, the long lengths of conveying pipe present a challenge when it comes to addressing cleanliness and sanitation.

    While the closed nature of pneumatic conveying systems protects material from outside contamination, like debris, insects, etc., it is difficult to identify and protect against internal forms of contamination, such as buildup, microbial growth, etc. A plant HACCP or sanitation plan that does not address thousands of feet of pipe and dozens of elbows is incomplete and at risk for a recall.

     

    Download this white paper now.

    Schenck
    03/24/2015
  • Powder eHandbook: Combat Powder Processing Challenges

    In chemical production and processing, process design and process safety are crucial considerations – especially when powders are part of production and processing. Inherent challenges such as increasing throughput, accurately measuring powders to manage inventory and removing excess solvents are all challenges that chemical processors need to contend with. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at these powder processing challenges and identify solutions and strategies to overcome them. Learn more about:

    • Vacuum conveying - customization, automation and safety
    • Matching level measurement system to a job - consider materials and work environment when choosing a device
    • Removing solvent vapors in diverse applications - dry and liquid ring vacuum pumps are alternatives to oil-sealed pumps
    • Meeting combustible dust compliance – how a facility tackles combustible dust with aportable central vacuum system

    Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.

    02/24/2015
  • Powder eHandbook: Preclude Powder Problems

    Process design and process safety are critical considerations in chemical production and processing. With design and safety paramount at the outset of any new development or equipment retrofit, firms can minimize risk exposure, maximize productivity and position themselves to remain compliant and competitive. Whether retrofit or new, chemical processing is continually challenged by combustible dust. Combustible dust can pose a hidden hazard when accumulation occurs in unseen locations such as in mechanical spaces, above false ceiling, ventilation systems and dust collection systems. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at strategies and solutions for mitigating combustible dust hazards including:

    • Identifying hidden hazards - a case study outlining how a facility finds danger from accumulated dust and effectively addresses it
    • Powder flowability - how new measurement methods now make it easier to evaluate flow
    • Process safety -  properly designed weigh model can optimize safety and improve efficiency
    • A multivariate approach to powder processing -  an overview of several methods that can help determine which powder properties have the greatest influence on performance

    Learn how to preclude powder problems. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.

    11/11/2014
  • Research Paper: Investigating the Relationship between Gypsum Purity and Hydrogen Sulfide Production under Anaerobic Conditions

    Calcium Sulfate (CaSO4) more commonly known as gypsum is a naturally occurring white crystalline mineral that has many different uses and applications. Gypsum in its hydrated form (CaSO4•2H2O) is used in the construction industry for fire resistance in buildings. Outside of the construction industry, gypsum is used in the food and fertilizer industry for calcium and sulfate fortification respectively. When gypsum is no longer usable, it is deposited in construction and demolition(C&D) landfills where anaerobic (low oxygen) conditions and the presence of sulfate-reducing bacteria promote the decomposition of wallboard/gypsum into hydrogen sulfide gas (H2S). Due to local and state regulations on odor control, these C&D sites monitor their fill for hydrogen sulfide gas.  This paper will couple two methods of analysis to observe the relationship between the purity of gypsum (calcium sulfate dihydrate) and hydrogen sulfide concentration as a sample is fermented by sulfate-reducing agents (e.g. bacteria). The scope of this research may be beneficial for industrial hygienists concerned with C&D landfill H2S levels or for incoming gypsum processing plants who suspect poor quality gypsum.

    09/12/2014
  • eHandbook: Make the Right Moves with Powders

    When designing a system to transport powders and granules there is a wide variety of considerations. Different applications, installation environments, equipment, material characteristics and how they may change during the process are all part of the equation. While many plants aim to keep costs low and often times use old equipment for a new project this can also further compound a complex challenge. And that's not even taking in to consideration our increased awareness of the risks of an explosion and the need to avoid hazardous emissions. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at key considerations affecting today’s best practices for transporting and processing powders and granules including:

    • Installing pneumatic conveyors correctly - 10 steps to prevent a variety of common problems
    • How to understand accuracy in a bin level monitoring system
    • Tubular drag conveying - an alternative to pneumatic conveying
    • Vacuum Conveying equipment and the issues of safety, security and sanitation

    Learn how to process powders efficiently. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.

    08/13/2014
  • Chemical Processing’s Powder eHandbook: Make the Most of Powder Processes

    Powders developed to meet certain product performance targets often suffer from inconsistent and unpredictable flow. The reasons for this are many. A material's characteristics - adhesiveness, cohesiveness, aeratability, pressure-sensitivity - often change during processing and can cause flow problems to crop up. Couple this with changes in the processes themselves and costly downtime can be the result. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at strategies and solutions for overcoming powder processing challenges including:

    • Making the most of flow additives - understand their impact on overall powder behavior to optimize flow
    • Improving performance of gravimetric feeders - tips to avoid poor accuracy and frequent downtime
    • Protecting against combustible dust explosion - economical approaches for protecting spray dryer processes and solutions

    Make the most of your powder processes. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.
     

    04/24/2014
  • Tips for Improving the Performance of Your Gravimetric Feeder

    Download the white paper to receive information on maximizing the performance of your gravimetric feeder. You will receive tips on how to choose and set up the right feeder for the specific material being fed in your process. Handling free flowing, adhesive, cohesive, aeratable, hygroscopic and pressure sensitive materials plus ways on where and how to properly install a gravimetric feeder are discussed.

    Schenck
    03/18/2014
  • Powder Processing Best Practices

    A material’s characteristics and how they may change during processing can affect HOW these materials are processed. Key factors affecting powders include aeration, moisture absorption, electrostatic charging to name a few. Many bulk solids are sensitive to heat and humidity. As these levels rise, either in the feeder system or via outside conditions, flow problems crop up. As the powder gains strength, jams and poor flow conditions begin to appear. Costly downtime and a loss of product are incurred while a search is made for a solution to the flow problems. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at key factors affecting powders and today’s best practices for overcoming the processing of powders including:
     

    • Looking beyond the physical properties of particles and treating powder as a bulk entity
    • How scanners take volume to a new level - acoustics-based sensors can help accurately measure the volume of powders in vessels
    • How to determine a coating’s volatile content  - advancements in rapid loss-on-drying techniques significantly reduce testing time
    • Testing powder flow - advances in test methods help better predict flow behavior at elevated temperature and humidity levels

    Learn how to process powders efficiently. Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.

    02/19/2014
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