One of the trickiest materials to process, solids are comprised of powders or particulates, a continuous gaseous phase (usually air) and, almost always, a liquid component. Processors that handle solids know only too well the types of throughput problems that come up on a recurring basis. Clumping; effective, economical and safe slurry mixing; dust management and dust explosion risk mitigation are all very real challenges faced by processors of solids. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at how to effectively handle solids including:
Clumping – the 10 most common sources of agglomeration in bulk solids and how to effectively manage them
Strategies for optimal slurry mixing
Level management detection in storage vessels
Dust explosion risks – how to identify and mitigate when processing solids
Managing solid cohesiveness with flow strategies
Download your copy of this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook now.
For the latest strategies on how to set an effective reliability program, download this Special Report: Cost-Justify Your Reliability Initiatives.
In this report youll find:
Predictive tools and technologies for enhanced equipment reliability
The four things a plant manager can do that maximize reliability
Critical equipment for an effective maintenance program
One of the trickiest materials to process, solids are comprised of powders or particulates, a continuous gaseous phase (usually air) and, almost always, a liquid component. Processors that handle solids know only too well the types of throughput problems that come up on a recurring basis. Effective, economical and safe slurry management; flowability during processing, accurate inventory and volume level management are all very real challenges faced by processors of solids. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at how to effectively handle solids including:
Properly accounting for how bulk solids actually will flow in a vessel or overall process -- we take a look at some simple parameters that can often provide a good sense of flowability
Strategies for avoiding slurry trouble
Mitigating pipe segment force imbalances with Reactor Excursion and Leakage Analysis Program
Acoustics-based level measurement for accurate powder measurement in bins, tanks and silos
Explosion protection methods including suppression, isolation and venting
Product losses and energy and waste treatment costs can be reduced significantly with Total Organic Carbon (TOC) monitoring. Reducing product loss results in savings in raw materials, energy consumption, and in water treatment charges. This means more products in production and less product in the waste water treatment plant.
The purpose of installing a flowmeter system is to accurately measure flow in a reliable manner. Issues related to physical properties, process parameters, electronic features and interconnections are often given much consideration. Relatively little emphasis, however, is given as to how well the flowmeter will perform its intended purpose. Adding to the confusion are the differences in how performance is expressed and the incomplete nature of the available information. Nevertheless, the quality of flow measurement should be a concern. This Chemical Processing eHandbook takes a look at technologies and solutions affecting flow including:
* Coriolis meters - steps you can take optimize performance when faced with entrained gas
* Magmeters -- why you should consider using them
* How to achieve effective flow control with centrifugal pumps
As many chemical processors know, processing powders can be tricky. Powder properties can be affected if the materials are stored for long periods. Powders can be compressed, vibrated, aerated and exposed to moisture. And specific processes like granulation, blending, drying, milling, lubricating and compression put requirements on how powders can be handled. In this Chemical Processing Powder eHandbook, we take a look at how to effectively process powder including:
Compression dryers – the case for choosing a solution that produces optimal air quality and low energy consumption
GHS – understanding the requirements and what it means to chemicals processors
Predicting powder flow behavior
Vibratory screen cleaning methods
Fine powder flushing - eliminating a common bin-afflicting problem caused by trapped air
Tubular Drag Conveying Technology – an alternative to pneumatic conveying
Effective energy management can help achieve more efficient use of energy without reducing production levels, product quality or employee morale, and without compromising safety and environmental standards. It should not only address higher efficiency generation, energy conversion, distribution and utilization, but also explore lower-cost energy alternatives. Simply put, energy management is optimizing the energy cost per unit of product output. In this Chemical Processing Energy Efficiency eHandbook, we take a look at how to achieve effective energy management including:
• Energy management programs – the roles and responsibilities needed to create an effective energy management program
• Internal and external resources needed for an effective energy management program including what to expect from top management
• Energy management basics – the five key activities to help reduce energy use
• Compression dryers – a review of three alternatives: heat, desiccant and refrigerant. Understanding whether the purchase “cost” outweighs the “value” in terms of energy consumption and production levels.
The purpose of installing a flowmeter system is to accurately measure flow in a reliable manner. Issues related to physical properties, process parameters, electronic features, interconnections can all affect the flowmeter performance. This Chemical Processing eHandbook takes a look at technologies and solutions affecting flow as well as the impact of specific regulations on flowmeter systems including:
Specifying the right slurry seal – understanding dual-seal and water-management options
Ground EMFs with Virtual Reference - New grounding method eases electromagnetic flowmeter installation and minimizes costs
Determine Boiler Size Using a Flowmeter - An inline vortex meter reveals the proper steam usage, resulting in significant savings and improved energy efficiency.
Reliability programs are now standard business practice in companies that rely heavily on machines, equipment and other physical assets. But, in today’s lean economy, companies have fewer resources than ever to manage and maintain these assets. Plants face challenges in identifying new and cost-effective ways to ensure their assets are performing and that they are managing to minimize operational risks. In this Chemical Processing Reliability/Asset Management eHandbook we take a look at proactive approaches for improving reliability and maintenance in today’s processing plant including:
• Equipment rotation: identify damaged and worn components before they cause problems • Backflush strategies: flow reversal can remove fiber buildup in heat exchangers • Advanced Reliability Management: key steps for leveraging limited resources and critical assets • Predictive Maintenance: detailed analysis of maintenance records can further improve equipment reliability • More!
For chemical processors, the use of water in their processing can correlate to significant costs. Cost, coupled with an increasing focus on the environmental impact of both water usage and wastewater creation, are challenging processors to take a closer look at both their consumption of water and production of wastewater. Wide-ranging water optimization efforts, from fixing pipe leaks to minimizing cooling tower blowdown, are providing significant savings to chemical makers, but there’s more. In this ChemicalProcessing Water/Wastewate eHandbook we take a look at how to deal with water challenges including:
• Reducing water consumption and increase recycling – including examples of achievement and strategies from BASF, Air Products, Eli Lilly & Co, and Pfizer • RO Membranes: proactive steps can maximize life and performance for water purification • More!
The key components needed to provide valuable information about the composition of a producer's FGD byproducts is an instrument that has capabilities to reach temperatures sufficient to drive the reactions of interest and to separate the tests so meaningful numbers are yielded at each stage.
Chemical, petrochemical, and oil-reﬁning plants are process-intensive operations with regulatory requirements to protect the surrounding water and air from the effects of industrial pollution. This paper reviews activated carbon adsorption, the reactivation process, liquid phase and vapor phase adsorption design guidelines, and typical applications of the technology in industrial/environmental treatment.
Combustible dust explosions are a risk in many areas, but one of the most common locations is the dust collector. This white paper reviews OSHA and NFPA standards, how to identify hazards, and the types of equipment used for explosion protection. It also examines common shortfalls to compliance.
By understanding the key functions and architecture of a process-oriented, formula based ERP application, you will have a better foundation for choosing a solution that best suits your company and type of manufacturing.
This practical guide and checklist ties the unique operations of chemical manufacturers to specific ERP functionality and architecture. Topics include:
Variability and Quality
Product Accountability and Costing
Don't settle for a "one size fits all" ERP solution. With the "right fit" ERP solution, you will be able to streamline operations, reduce costs and scale production, while complying with federal regulations -- all with minimum customization.
The U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s Process Safety Management (PSM) Standard [29 CFR 1910.119(j)] require plant management to identify and address hazards. Further challenging plant management, the mechanical integrity (MI) element of the PSM has been difficult for many facilities to implement. In fact, PSM audits by OSHA have consistently demonstrated that MI accounts for a large number of citations at most facilities. In this Chemical Processing Special Report, we take a look at how to effectively implement strategies to comply with PSM standards including:
Common piping, hoses and valves hazards – what PHA (Process Handling Analysis) teams should look for to improve the quality of the hazard evaluation
MI element of PSM – an in-depth look at the stated MI requirements, the perceived interpretation of these requirements and further considerations for identifying your plant’s compliance strategy
MI implications – the impact MI has on plant’s written procedures, training, inspection & testing, and how equipment deficiencies and quality assurance programs are managed
When steam traps leak or fail, energy is lost and there could also be steam equipment failure or damage and potential safety hazards. A major food manufacturer improved their steam trap program and enhanced their ongoing leak repair campaign with remote steam trap monitoring using Smart Wireless Solutions from Emerson.
An easy to use generalized vent sizing formula is illustrated to be consistent with large scale industry experience and dedicated phenolic runaway reaction tests performed by Fauske & Associates, LLC. The formula also clearly explains the 1999 catastrophic failure of a phenol-formaldehyde reactor resulting from a grossly undersized relief system.
Flexible Intermediate Bulk Containers (FIBCs) have found their niche in the worldwide transportation of powdered, flaked and granulated products. FIBCs are typically made of woven plastic with some type of liner insert and are often referred to as super sacks, big bags or bulk bags in industry. During filling and emptying of FIBCs there is a steady accumulation of static charge that can result in electrostatic discharges from the FIBC. This may in turn provide sufficient energy for ignition of combustible particulate solids or flammable vapors, not to mention unsettling shocks to nearby personnel. In this white paper we review the NFPA 654 Standard for the Prevention of Fire and Dust Explosions from Combustible Particulate Solids and the importance of why identifying the Minimum Ignition Energy (MIE) of your combustible dust or flammable vapor is a necessary component for selecting the correct FIBC Type for your application. Download now.
The dangers posed by combustible dusts are no longer being swept under the rug. Tougher regulations and greater corporate resolve are making dust hazard management an increasingly important topic for every manufacturing sector including the chemical, food and pharmaceutical industries.
This Special Report, brought to you by Chemical Processing details the dangers posed by combustible dusts and includes:
the latest thinking on both hazard identification and mitigation; it identifies how to mitigate dust hazards in oral solid dosage facilities; it takes an in-depth look at regulations and the thinking behind suppression technologies as a result of past activity; more!