2004

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  • Properly Model and Design Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers

    Shell-and-tube heat exchangers are widely used throughout the chemical industry. This paper provides a review of the key issues involved in their thermal design. It covers both process and mechanical issues, and discusses appropriate methods for determining various parameters.

    10/11/2004
  • Properly Model and Control Batch Reactors

    This paper covers key aspects for modeling and design of batch reactors, including: heat-up and cool-down performance, sensitivity analysis for reactor parameters, boil-up rate predictions, thermal stability under exothermic conditions, control system design and loop tuning parameters, condenser rating, and process emissions predictions.

    10/11/2004
  • Properly Model and Control Batch Reactors

    This paper covers key aspects for modeling and design of batch reactors, including: heat-up and cool-down performance, sensitivity analysis for reactor parameters, boil-up rate predictions, thermal stability under exothermic conditions, control system design and loop tuning parameters, condenser rating, and process emissions predictions.

    10/15/2004
  • Properly Clean Organic Heat Transfer Fluid Systems

    Maintaining peak performance of organic heat transfer fluids can require removal of dirt and pipe scale, oxidation, thermal degradation, and process contamination. This paper describes the appropriate cleaning techniques for dealing with solids; sludge, high-viscosity fluid and residues; process contamination; and hard coke.

    09/10/2004
  • Process Safety Management

    This guide from the U. S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration covers pre-startup safety review, mechanical integrity, how-work permits, management of change, incident investigation, emergency planning and response and compliance audits, among other topics.

    10/11/2004
  • Permit-Required Confined Spaces

    This new U. S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration paper describes OHSA's confined-space satndard, and discusses how to meet it by controlling hazards, administering entry permits and assigning duties, as well as how to deal with emergencies and OSHA assistance available.

    10/11/2004
  • Nonwoven Fabric Filtration Media

    This 6-page primer explains the various forms of nonwoven media, their special characteristics, as well as filter configurations and function. It discusses advantages and disadvantages, and application trends.

    Edward C. Gregor
    10/15/2004
  • Maximize Returns from Precious-Metal-Bearing Catalysts

    Many catalytic reactions rely on platinum, palladium and other precious metal catalysts. When the activity of the catalyst declines to the point that it must be replaced, the used catalyst can be sent to a refiner to recover precious metal. This 8-page paper discusses the variouis factors that should be considered when using a refiner.

    Sabin
    10/15/2004
  • Management of Change or Change of Management?

    Management of Change processes are subject to a variety of pitfalls. This paper highspots a variety of implementation issues that can frequently undermine the success of MOC processes.

    ioMosaic
    12/03/2004
  • Major Manufacturer Integrates MatrikonOPC

    A global manufacturing company needed to transfer data from their plant in Detroit, Michigan to a process data storage system in St. Paul, Minnesota. Their Control Systems Engineering Group chose OPC technology as the communication medium.

    Matrikon
    07/31/2004
  • Layered Security in Plant Control Environments

    Process control vendors are migrating plant control technologies to more open network and operating environments. This White Paper explains how layered security can be accomplished by adopting a "best practices" model, developing and implementing an access control plan, and compartmentalizing the network.

    Ensuren Corp.
    10/15/2004
  • How to Choose a Vacuum Dryer

    Vacuum drying can be applied in a range of processes in several industries, including chemical, pharmaceutical, food, plastics, and metal powders. This article first discusses vacuum drying benefits and limitations and dryer components and operation, then explains the differences between tumble and agitated vacuum dryers and how you can select one for your application.

    11/19/2004
  • Facility Major Risk Survey

    This 8-page primer describes a method for identification of major acute risks in existing process facilities that can potentially affect on-site and off-site populations and for prioritization of mitigation methods.

    ioMosaic
    12/02/2004
  • Design Tips for Admittance Probes

    This white paper from Delta Controls outlines a range of selection and installation criteria for using admittance probes to monitor the level of powders, liquids and other materials. Dielectric constants of more than 200 common industrial materials are included.

    10/15/2004
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