UC Riverside Develops New Biofuels Platform

A team of researchers, led by Professor Charles E. Wyman, at the University of California, Riverside’s Bourns College of Engineering have developed a versatile, relatively non-toxic and efficient way to convert raw agricultural and forestry residues and other plant matter into biofuels and chemicals. Co-solvent Enhanced Lignocellulosic Fractionation (CELF) brings researchers closer to producing fuels and chemicals from biomass at high enough yields and low enough costs to become a viable alternative or replacement for petroleum-based fuels and chemicals.

The key to the technology is using tetrahydrofuran (THF) as a co-solvent to aid in the breakdown of raw biomass feedstocks to produce valuable primary and secondary fuel precursors at high yields at moderate temperatures. Those fuel precursors can then be converted into ethanol, chemicals or drop-in fuels. CELF can consolidate multiple processing steps – such as pretreatment, sugar hydrolysis, and sugar catalysis – into one step.

In a paper in the journal Green Chemistry, the UC Riverside researchers showed that using CELF with highly selective acid catalysts called metal halides was particularly effective at simultaneously producing the fuel precursors furfural and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF) directly from raw maple wood. Furfural and 5-HMF are widely recognized renewable chemicals for their conversion into gasoline, jet, and diesel range liquid fuels.

For more information, visit: www.ucr.edu

 

More News:

  • DuPont Challenge Encourages Entries For 2015 Competition

    The DuPont Challenge encourages students to develop a better understanding and passion for STEM by researching and writing an informative essay offering solutions to today’s challenges regarding food, energy, protection and innovation, or a story on a science discovery.

  • SOCMA Hosts 93rd Annual Dinner And Awards Showcase

    The Society of Chemical Manufacturers and Affiliates (SOCMA) is returning to the New York Marriott Marquis Times Square on December 8, 2014, for its 93rd Annual Dinner honoring Performance Improvement Award winners and featuring a Leadership and Business Development Speaker Showcase.

  • Summit Features Bio-Based Tech Startups

    The 6th Next Generation Bio-Based & Sustainable Chemicals Summit, February 3 – February 5, 2015, in New Orleans, LA brings together bio-based tech startups, specialty chemical manufacturers, chemical majors, feedstock providers, financiers and strategic venture capitalists to explore bio-based chemicals.

  • Flint Hills Resources Will Cease Marysville Operations

    Flint Hills Resources plans to close its Marysville, Michigan polypropylene facility.

  • EFCE Seeks Award Nominees

    Award honors outstanding thesis in thermodynamics or transport properties

  • British Safety Regulator Gets New Head

    Executive has worked in both the public and private sectors

  • AkzoNobel Partnership Investigates Waste As Feedstock

    AkzoNobel is part of a major Dutch partnership working with Canada's Enerkem to explore the use of waste streams as a feedstock for chemical production and the development of waste-to-chemicals facilities.

  • Scientist And CorningWare Inventor Stookey Dies

    S. Donald Stookey, credited with inventing CorningWare, died on Tuesday, November 4 at the age of 99.

  • DOE Funds New Gasification Research

    The Department of Energy announced new investments in gasification research.

  • SOCMA Awards Honor EHS&S Improvement

    More than 28 member facilities will receive 2014 Performance Improvement Awards for their outstanding commitment to continuous improvement in environmental, health, safety and security (EHS&S) practices at the Society of Chemical Manufacturers and Affiliates (SOCMA) 93rd Annual Dinner on December 8 in New York.

All news »

What are your comments?

Join the discussion today. Login Here.

Comments

No one has commented on this page yet.

RSS feed for comments on this page | RSS feed for all comments