Dave Dickey Forum Moderator 290 Posts
Re: Calculating The Bending Moment on a Mixer Shaft17 November 2008 at 1:29pm
To calculate bending moment [M] on a mixer shaft, you need to compute the bending moment at each impeller location. The impeller location or shaft length [L] to each impeller is measured from the bottom support bearing of the mixer drive.
You describe a 70:30 power split between the two impellers, make that split based on the motor horsepower [Hp]. You want to account for the maximum load on each impeller. In addition to the shaft length [L] and power split [Hp], you need to know the rotational speed [N] of the mixer and the impeller diameter [D] of each impeller, then apply the following formula for each impeller and sum the results:
M (in-lbs) = 19000 Hp (fraction motor horsepower) × hydraulic factor × L (inches) / N (rpm) / D (inches)
The hydraulic factor should be 3.0 for the gas dispersion impeller, because of fluctuating loads caused by the gas. The upper impeller should also have a hydraulic factor of 2.0 because of the gas or 3.0 if it must operate at the liquid level during filling or emptying of the tank.
The bending moment calculation will not complete a shaft analysis. The shaft torque must be calculated and then tensile and shear stresses can be estimated, which will reflect the strength of the mixer shaft. A natural frequency calculation is also appropriate to avoid undamped vibrations.
We have one agitator with the following configuration: A single shaft with two mounted impellers -- one flat-blade impeller (inclined at 45 degrees to shaft) and 06 blades are present in an impeller assembly, and one gas-foil impeller (Parabolic contour), 06 blades are present in an impeller assembly. The power consumption is split in 70:30 with 70% for gas-foil blade. The agitator works in a gassed condition -- air bubbles are dispersed in liquid/solid stream, and for decontamination, the same agitator is run in 5% caustic solution. The question -- How do I calculate the force, which can cause a bending moment in the shaft, at gas-foil impeller and flat-blade impeller? And how can the resulting bending moment be calculated?
Have an insight or suggestion?
Login or register to post a comment.