Carbon steels are only acceptable for 93% sulfuric acid when fluid velocity is low (< 3 ft/sec). For 4-inch diameter piping or less with velocities up to 5.9 ft/sec, 316L stainless steel is a good choice. For velocities higher than 5.9 ft/sec, Alloy 20Cb-3 (UNS N08020) has been used successfully. For additional information, consult NACE Recommended Practice RP-0391 "Materials for the Handling and Storage of Commercial Concentrated (90 to 100%) Sulfuric Acid at Ambient Temperatures."
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