Particulate solids are often required to be introduced into a flowing gas stream. If not done correctly, introduction of solids into the gas stream can lead to impingement of solids on the pipe, resulting in erosion of the pipe in the area of the solids introduction.
It has been nearly a decade since the Instrumentation, Systems and Automation Society (ISA) introduced S88, its first standard for batch control systems. Its still integral in optimizing operations today.
Particle segregation is a common problem in many bulk storage systems and its presence creates serious quality control problems. This exclusive contribution from Diamondback Technology discusses the do's and dont's of particle segregation.
Market forecasts for bioproducts are upbeat. One even predicts that industrial biotechnology will be a $160 billion global business by 2010. Industrial biotechnology first took off in the early 1980s; what gives today's activity a buzz of excitement is the repeat of something else from that era: high energy prices.