There are two main drivers for partial stroking of valves in safety systems: the desire to extend manual test intervals to as long as possible; and to reduce the amount of redundant hardware required for higher safety integrity levels. Like most things in life, it all boils down to one thing: trying to save money.
Measuring flow rates and volumes of water and chemicals in the water, wastewater and chemical treatment industries requires the latest, simple to use and cost-effective technology that can keep up with the rigorous demands of the various applications.
Understanding the fundamentals of fluid agitation can help meet the customers requirement and the processors need for efficiency. While portable mixers have been around for years, they often arent used to their full potential. Knowing the basics of mixing and flow patterns can help you get more out of your mixer.
Author: David Dickey, MixTech, Inc. and Lydia Booth Fenley, Illes Seasonings & Flavors
To make the most of diagnostic equipment used in chemical processing, technicians must stretch their knowledge of control valves and related diagnostic equipment that keeps tabs on valve health and safety.
Control's Béla Lipták continues his series on control of distillation processes, this time focusing on managing reboiler flow, temperature, feed rate, loading and reflux for economy, stability and safety.
Valves and actuators designed for handling radioactive waste must meet strict government requirements. This sometimes requires unconventional solutions. Such was the case at the Hanford Waste Treatment Project (WTP), Hanford, Wash.
ControlGlobal.com contributor David W. Spitzer provides a look from a process automation perspective at how magmeters and Venturi meters are vying with ultrasonics for clean and dirty water applications.
When it comes to selecting and sizing control valves and positioners, this article not only helps you pick the right one for the right job, but also includes a valuable valve selection chart you can download!
Carefully managing compressed air can save money. Compressed air is often overlooked in energy studies because many people do not fully understand compressed air equipment, their own system, or what it costs to produce compressed air power.
Author: Scott Van Ormer and Don Van Ormer, senior application engineers, Air Power USA
Properly accounting for how bulk solids actually will flow in a vessel or overall process can be crucial for successful operations. Learning some simple parameters can often provide a good sense of flowability.
Author: Don McGlinchey, Glasgow Caledonian University
Theres no simple solution to achieving accurate temperature measurement. Its a combination of knowing the inherent accuracy of particular sensor types, and how environmental factors can create further measurement uncertainty and the sensor calibration techniques available to reduce this uncertainty.
Author: Cal Swanson, Watlow Electric Manufacturing Co.