In spite of their large operating cost, most pump systems are inefficient by design. Among the common design problems are non-optimal pipe sizing, control valve utilization and, perhaps most common, incorrectly sized pumps. How a pump operates depends on the system, so improvements must focus on the system as a whole.
This article looks at six technologies mechanical floats and displacers, differential pressure, capacitance, ultrasonic, radar, and guided wave radar that are used most often for automated control, and provides practical guidance for choosing among them.
Author: Jerry Boisvert, Siemens Energy & Automation