A computer simulation helps solve a refinery combustion problem. Finding ways to limit NOx from fired heaters, especially under stringent environmental regulations, has become a major concern for the petroleum refining industry. Complying with new stricter regulations, a Texas refinery upgraded the burners in one of its large cylindrical furnaces.
The traditional approach to experimentation, often referred to as the scientific method, requires changing only one factor at a time (OFAT), but this method only allows one to see things one dimension at a time. By varying factors only at two levels each, but simultaneously rather than one at a time, experimenters can uncover important interactions.
Author: Mark J. Anderson and Patrick J. Whitcomb, Stat-Ease
Designing equipment for solids is not an exact science. The flows of gases and liquids are generally better understood than those of solids. Most production problems arise from flaws in the design. This article presents questions you can ask yourself to ensure reliable flow in your silo.
Author: Joseph Marinelli, Solids Handling Technologies, Inc.
Faster. Smaller. Smarter. Modular. All express the future of process analytics. And un-stoppable describes the ongoing migration of process analytical instruments to continuous, online, field-mounted use at chemical plants.
For the business of designing process heat exchangers, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) tools are still not practical for everyday use. However, in a research consortium such as HTRI, integrating advanced analysis tools like CFD with industrial-sized experimentation and then applying them to real-world technical problems provides a significant synergistic benefit to the consortium members.
Distillation has always been a critical and costly step in the manufacture of products in the petroleum, chemical, and pharmaceutical industries. Fractionation Research reveals how companies can pool their efforts to obtain experimental distillation data.